Navinchandra Ramgulam ( Hindi नवीन चन्द्र रामगुलाम , English Navinchandra Ramgoolam , born July 14, 1947 , Port Louis , Mauritius ) - Prime Minister of Mauritius from December 22, 1995 to September 17, 2000 and from July 5, 2005 to December 14, 2014 , the leader of the Labor parties and vice president of the Socialist International  . The son of the country's first prime minister, Sivusagur Ramgulam .
|नवीन चन्द्र रामगुलाम |
|Predecessor||Paul Raymond Beranger|
|Birth||July 14, 1947 (72 years old)|
Port Louis British mauritius
|The consignment||Labor Party Mauritius|
|Education||Kingpur College |
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
City Law School
|Site||Website of the Prime Minister of Mauritius|
Youth and Education
From 1960 to 1968, Naveen Ramgulam studied at the Royal College of Curpip and continued to study medicine in Dublin in Ireland , where he received a medical degree in 1973 . From 1975 to 1977, he worked at the Monaghan Hospital, and completed an internship at St. Lawrence's Hospital in Dublin, as well as in private hospitals in the UK and at AG Jeetoo Hospital in Port Louis , Mauritius . From 1977 to 1981, he was an assistant at the Cardiology Clinic at the University College London Hospital, and from 1981 to 1982, he was a senior doctor at the General Hospital in Amersham, Buckinghamshire ( UK ). From 1982 to 1985 - a doctor in a clinic in West Yorkshire (UK). He holds a degree from the Royal College of Physicians of England and the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland.
After his father died in December 1985 , Naveen Ramgulam wanted to leave for Canada , but Satkam Buell (leader of the Labor Party) and Paul Berenger convinced him to return to Mauritius and take over the party leadership. From 1985 to 1987, he worked as a doctor in a hospital in Mauritius. In 1987, he entered law at the London School of Economics and Political Science , University of London . After graduating and receiving a bachelor's degree in law in 1990 , he returned to Mauritius as the new leader of the Labor Party for the upcoming 1991 general elections. After losing the election, he took leave and returned to London , where he completed a full law degree program at City Law School. In 1993 he graduated from Inner Temple.
In 1994, the Labor Party joined forces with the Mauritius Fighting Movement and won 2 seats in the by-elections in January 1995 in the Rose Hill Stanley constituency. In 1995, as a result of the victory in the parliamentary elections, having won 60 seats in parliament, Ramgulam became the new Prime Minister. He was criticized by the media because of his inexperience and the recruitment of high-ranking members of the Labor Party. Ramgulam’s term was also overshadowed by racial unrest following his death in prison by Joseph Reginald Topise, “Kaya,” the famous singer of Creole descent
In 2000, opposition leaders Anirud Jagnot and Paul Raymond Beranger united in a coalition and Ramgulam lost, gaining only 8 seats against 56. Jagnot became prime minister, but Ramgulam was elected the first representative of his constituency in the National Assembly and joined the opposition.
In 2005, with the support of the Muslim community, he again won the election at the head of the Social Alliance coalition of small parties. Having become Prime Minister, he also simultaneously took up the posts of Minister of Defense and Internal Affairs, Minister of External Communications and Islands  . Ramgulam introduced free transport for the elderly as a reward for efforts to develop the country, and students, because they are the future of the nation, he also began to carry out tax reform and made a huge contribution to the development of the economy.
Cooperation with the People's Republic of China
On February 13, 2009, as part of a tour of 5 countries in Asia and Africa, the visit of Chinese President Hu Jintao to Port Louis  . During the visit, he announced a low interest loan of $ 250 million for Mauritius to modernize and expand the local airport , and said that trade between the two countries increased by 11.7% in 2008 and reached $ 323 million. He also proposed a profitable loan of $ 5.9 million and a grant of 30 million yuan (about $ 5 million). Navincandra Ramgulam said that the leaders of the two countries discussed the possibility of further Chinese assistance to improve transport links on the island. He called for accelerating the creation of an economic and trade zone called Tianli to the north of the capital with the help of China's investment of $ 730 million. This project should be the largest among projects funded by a single foreign investor in Mauritius, creating 40 thousand workers places Between Mauritius' recognition of the PRC in 1972 and Hu Jintao’s visit, total Chinese aid increased tenfold to $ 1 billion. Thirteen Chinese companies participate in the textile, construction, and electronic industries in Mauritius. The economic and trade zone in Mauritius, used as a launching pad to service its construction and business projects in South Africa, has reached an area of 521 acres  .
In 2010, Ramgulam was re-elected for a second term, and the Labor Party of Mauritius led by him won 41 seats in the National Assembly . The determining factor for victory was good economic management during the financial crisis. Another important factor in his political strategy was his alliance with the Combat Socialist Movement, which deprived the opposition of a worthy candidate for prime minister. However, in July 2011 , the Combat Socialist Movement withdrew from the alliance.
- Archived copy (inaccessible link) . Date of treatment March 5, 2014. Archived March 5, 2014.
- Goabroad - Mauritius General Information - Countries and hotels
- :: Hu Jintao arrived in Mauritius on a state visit :: (unavailable link) . Date of treatment March 5, 2014. Archived on April 19, 2013.
- China Strategy - Peace and Politics