Amboise Castle ( French: Château d'Amboise ) is a historical and architectural complex in France . Towering over the Loire in the city of Amboise , department of Indre and Loire . This is one of the castles of the Loire , which since 2000 has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site , as part of the “ Loire Valley from Sully-sur-Loire to Chalon ”  .
The first owner of the Amboise castle was the Angevin Count Fulk Nerra . In the Middle Ages, the city was possessed by a powerful family of Amboises , who from here controlled an important ford through the Loire . In the early 1430s. the owner of the castle was accused of conspiring against the king , and his possessions were seized in the treasury.
The current three-story castle with cyclopean towers on the sides began to be built in 1492 at the behest of Charles VIII , who was born and died in Amboise. The Italians Domenico da Cortona and Fra Giocondo, invited by him to complete the work, were the first to bring Renaissance architecture to France. It is believed that it was in Amboise that the first regular garden appeared outside of Italy.
Francis I grew up in the Amboise castle, which belonged to his mother Louise of Savoy , and favored him more than the Blois residence of his predecessor, Louis XII . In 1515, he settled Leonardo da Vinci in the estate of Clos-Luce (connected to the castle by an underground passage). Here he finished "The Mona Lisa ", here he died in 1519. The artist is buried, as is commonly believed, in the castle chapel of St. Hubert (years of construction 1491-1496).
After the death of Francis I, the “young court" of Henry II and Catherine de Medici settled in Amboise. Here their children and daughter-in-law, Mary Stuart , grew up. In 1560, the Giza brought to Amboise from Blois the young King Francis II , who was planning an attack by the Huguenots (see Amboise Conspiracy ). Here, cruel reprisals were inflicted on the conspirators.
Subsequent French monarchs showed no interest in the Amboise residence. Louis XIII gave it to his brother Gaston , and Louis XV gave it to Minister Choiselle . Louis XIV was kept here under arrest by Nicolas Fouquet and the Duke of Losen . In the XIX century, the captive Abd al-Qadir was settled here.
During the years of the French Revolution, a significant part of the Amboise Castle was destroyed. To stop the plundering of cultural treasures, the Third Republic in 1872 placed the remaining parts of the castle at the disposal of the Orleans House . Currently, he is in charge of the Saint Louis Foundation, headed by His Highness Count of Paris .
- Clo lucion
- Zhanzhek fortress
- Zhenpalyan Palace