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- 1 Holidays and Observances
- 1.1 National
- 1.2 Professional
- 1.3 Religious
- 1.4 Name Day 
- 2 Events
- 2.1 Until the 19th century
- 2.2 XIX century
- 2.3 XX century
- 2.4 XXI century
- 3 born
- 3.1 Until the 19th century
- 3.2 XIX century
- 3.3 XX century
- 4 passed away
- 4.1 Until the 19th century
- 4.2 XIX century
- 4.3 XX century
- 4.4 XXI century
- 5 Signs
- 6 See also
- 7 notes
August 27 - the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar . Until the end of the year, 126 days remain.
In the XX and XXI centuries corresponds to August 14 of the Julian calendar  .
Holidays and Observances
See also: Category: Holidays August 27
- Moldova - Independence Day .
- Iran - Day of the pharmacist .
- Russia - Day of Russian cinema .
- memory of St. Monica .
- Orthodoxy  
- The Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary ;
- memory of the prophet Micah (from 12 prophets) (VIII century. BC. e.);
- the transfer of the relics of St. Theodosius , hegumen of Kiev Pechersk (1091);
- memory of the Monk Arkady of Vyazemsky and Novotorzhsky (11th century);
- memory of the holy martyr Markell, Bishop of Apamea (c. 389);
- memory of the holy martyr Basil (Epiphany) , archbishop of Chernigov, and with him the martyr Matthew (Pomerantsev) , archimandrite, and the martyr Alexy Zverev (1918);
- memory of the holy martyr Vladimir Tsedrinsky, presbyter (1918);
- memory of the holy martyrs Vladimir Smirnov and Nikolai Tolgsky, presbyters, the Rev. Martyr Eleutherius (Pechennikov), Scheme Archimandrite, Rev. Martyrs Eva (Pavlova), Abbess, Evdokia (Perevoznikova), nun, and martyr Theodore Zakharov (19);
- memory of Rev. Alexander (Urodov), archimandrite (1961);
- Celebrations in honor of the icons of the Mother of God:
- The Conversation (1383);
- Narva (1558).
- memory of the great martyr Fanurius of Rhodes (III century).
Name Day 
- Alexander - Rev. Alexander (Urodov) , archimandrite;
- Alexy ( Alexey ) - martyr Alexy (Zverev);
- Arkady - Rev. Arkady of Vyazemsky and Novotorzhsky , (transfer of relics);
- Basil - holy martyr Basil (Epiphany) , Archbishop of Chernigov;
- Vladimir :
- Hieromartyr Vladimir (Smirnov) ;
- Hieromartyr Vladimir (Tsedrinsky) ;
- Eleutherius - Holy Martyr Eleutherius (Pechennikov) ;
- Luke - the martyr Luke, the warrior;
- Markell - Hieromartyr Markell of Apamea , Bishop;
- Matthew ( Matthew ) - Hieromartyr Matthew (Pomerantsev) ;
- Micah - the prophet Micah , of the 12 small prophets;
- Nicholas - Hieromartyr Nicholas (Tolgsky);
- Simeon - the martyr Simeon of Trebizond ;
- Ursica - the martyr of Ursica of Illyria ;
- Theodore ( Fedor ) - the martyr Theodore (Zakharov) ;
- Theodosius - Rev. Theodosius of the Caves (transfer of relics);
- Eve - Rev. Martyr Eve (Pavlova) ;
- Evdokia - Rev. Martyr Evdokia (Perevoznikova) .
See also: Category: August 27 events
Until the 19th century
- 49 BC e. - The surrender of the Pompeans under Ilerda (modern Lleida ) after a long siege by Caesar of Spain .
- 1666 - A plan for the reconstruction of St. Paul’s Cathedral , proposed by architect Christopher Wren , was adopted.
- 1760 - Empress Elizabeth issued a decree prohibiting bribery of officials .
- 1776 - The Long Island battle between the English troops of General William Howe and the American forces of General Israel Putnam .
- 1783 - the first flight of a charlier - an aerostat filled with " volatile gas " - was carried out over Paris .
- 1783 - the expedition of the merchant-entrepreneur and explorer Grigory Shelekhov left Okhotsk on three galliotes to the shores of North America .
- 1813 - Battle of Dresden , Napoleon's victory over the allied army.
- 1855 - a camp kitchen was demonstrated in London , where food for the battalion was prepared using 21 kg of firewood instead of the usual 800 kg.
- 1857 - writer Fyodor Dostoevsky received the rank of ensign .
- 1859 - Colonel Edwin Drake ( Edwin Laurentine Drake ) near the American city of Taitatstvill (pc. Pennsylvania ) drilled the first oil well. This date is considered the beginning of the development of the American oil industry.
- 1875 - Lecock de Bouabodran discovers the gallium element predicted by Mendeleev.
- 1878 - a secret circular was issued by the Russian Police Department, which stated: "Political criminals constitute a very special category, and therefore must be kept separately from other prisoners."
- 1879 - the Russian revolutionary organization " Earth and Freedom " split into " Narodnaya Volya " and " Black Redistribution ".
- 1882 - The “Provisional Press Rules” were adopted, which gave the meeting of the Ministries of Education, Internal Affairs, Justice and the Synod the right to close newspapers and magazines of the “harmful direction”.
- 1900 - in England, the first intercity buses began to move.
- 1908 - Anderlecht football club was created in Belgium .
- 1911 - the football club CSKA was created in Russia .
- 1912 - Edgar Rice Burroughs published in the magazine the first story about the adventures of Tarzan.
- 1918 - the White Guard regional government of the Urals restored private ownership of land and means of production.
- 1919 - The Council of People's Commissars adopted a decree on the nationalization of the entire film and photography industry in Russia. Since 1979, this date has been celebrated as Soviet Cinema Day, nowadays as Russian Cinema Day.
- 1922 - The first issue of the satirical magazine Crocodile was published in Moscow .
- 1927 - Parks College, the oldest aviation school in America, opened.
- 1929 - “continuous” was introduced in the USSR : a seven-day week was eliminated, a five-day week was introduced instead, one of which was a day off.
- 1934 - a resolution was passed banning the destruction of green spaces in the 50-kilometer zone around Kiev .
- 1935 - In Texas, in a referendum, a majority of the population voted to repeal Prohibition.
- 1939 - The first flight of a jet aircraft with a turbojet engine. The flight was completed by the German experimental aircraft Heinkel "He 178" by German aircraft designer Ernst Heinkel .
- 1940 - the first flight of the first Italian jet aircraft Caproni Campini N.1 .
- 1946 - The International Student Union (MCC) was created in Prague .
- 1946 - An automatically ejected pilot seat was tested in the United States .
- 1955 - The first edition of the Guinness Book of Records with 198 pages was published.
- 1959 - the USSR adopted a resolution on awarding the best school graduates with medals.
- 1962 - Mariner 2 space mission set off to explore Venus .
- 1966 - The Institute of Military History was organized by a resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU .
- 1973 - The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that an Indian woman who married a non-Indian would lose the privileges of the Indians.
- 1977 - the first unit was launched at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant .
- 1978 - in Iran, the ban on the activities of political parties.
- 1979 - The death of Lord Mountbatten from the explosion of an IRA bomb in Sligo Bay, County Sligo , Ireland .
- 1980 - The number of unemployed in the UK exceeded 2 million people.
- 1982 - landing of the Soyuz T-5 spacecraft.
- 1985 - the beginning of the flight of the Discovery STS-51I.
- 1991 - declaration of independence of Moldova .
- 1999 - The US Congress decided to hold hearings on the involvement of the American Bank Bank of New York in the laundering of Russian criminal capital.
- 2000 - A fire at the Ostankino television tower in Moscow.
- 2004 - comet C / 2004 Q2 (Makholtsa) was discovered.
- 2005 - opening of the Kazan metro .
- 2008 - a nine- magnitude earthquake on Lake Baikal .
See also: Category: Born on August 27
Until the 19th century
- 1686 - Joseph Simon Assemani (d. 1768 ), Italian Orientalist of Arab descent, titular archbishop of Tire , in 1738-1768 curator of the Vatican Library .
- 1770 - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (d. 1831 ), German philosopher.
- 1776 - Barthold Georg Niebuhr (d. 1831 ), German historian of antiquity, founder of the critical method in the study of history.
- 1836 - Peter Boborykin (d. 1921 ), Russian writer, honorary academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
- 1856 - Ivan Franko (d. 1916 ), Ukrainian writer.
- 1862 - Abram Arkhipov (d. 1930 ), Russian Soviet artist.
- 1871 - Theodore Dreiser (d. 1945 ), American writer and public figure.
- 1873 - Yuri Steklov (d. 1941 ), Russian Soviet historian, editor of the newspaper Izvestia VTsIK.
- 1874 - Carl Bosch (d. 1940 ), German chemist, Nobel laureate (1931).
- 1877 - Charles Rolls (d. 1910 ), English motorist, aviator, founder of Rolls-Royce.
- 1878 - Peter Wrangel (d. 1928 ), Russian commander, one of the leaders of the White movement.
- 1884 - Alexander Abasheli (d. 1954 ), Georgian Soviet poet and science fiction writer.
- 1884 - Ludas Gira (d. 1946 ), Lithuanian writer.
- 1890 - Man Ray (d. 1976 ), French and American artist, photographer and film director.
- Kenji Miyazawa (d. 1933 ), Japanese poet and author of children's literature.
- Faina Ranevskaya (d. 1984 ), actress, People's Artist of the USSR.
- 1899 - Cecil Forester (d. 1966 ), English writer.
- 1902 - Yuriy Yanovsky (d. 1954 ), Ukrainian Soviet writer.
- 1903 - Natalia Sats (d. 1993 ), children's theater director, People's Artist of the USSR.
- 1908 - Lyndon Johnson (d. 1973 ), 36th President of the United States (1963-1969).
- 1909 - Caesar Solodar (d. 1992 ), Soviet writer, playwright, publicist.
- 1915 - Norman Foster Ramsey (d. 2011 ), American physicist, Nobel laureate (1989).
- 1920 - Alexander Ognivtsev (d. 1981 ), singer (bass), soloist of the Bolshoi Theater, People's Artist of the USSR.
- Ira Levin (d. 2007 ), American writer.
- Lyubov Baranova (d. 2015 ), Soviet skier, Olympic champion, 4-time world champion.
- 1930 - Vladimir Andreev , theater and film actor, theater director, people's artist of the USSR.
- Bogdan Stupka (d. 2012 ), theater and film actor, People's Artist of the USSR, Minister of Culture of Ukraine (1999-2001).
- Cesaria Evora (d. 2011 ), singer from Cape Verde , performer of the song " Bésame Mucho ".
- 1947 - Barbara Bach , American actress and model, wife of Ringo Starr .
- 1955 - Robert Richardson , an American cameraman, three times Oscar winner.
- 1956 - Glen Matlock , British rock musician, bass player and songwriter for Sex Pistols .
- 1958 - Sergey Krikalev , astronaut, Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of Russia.
- 1972 - Jimmy Pop , American musician, leader of The Bloodhound Gang .
- 1976 - Sarah Chock , Canadian-American actress.
- 1979 - Aron Paul , American actor, winner of the Emmy Award.
- 1983 - Jamala , Ukrainian singer, winner of the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 .
- 1985 - Kayla Ewell , American actress.
- 1991 - Monica Hoinisch , Polish biathlete.
See also: Category: Dead on August 27
Until the 19th century
- 827 - Eugene II , Pope of Rome (824-827).
- 1576 - Titian , Italian artist.
- 1590 - Sixtus V (Pope) .
- 1635 - Lope de Vega (b. 1562 ), Spanish playwright, poet and prose writer.
- 1664 - Francisco de Zurbaran (b. 1598), Spanish artist.
- 1681 - Nikon , Patriarch of Moscow.
- 1727 - Arent de Gelder (b. 1645 ), Dutch painter.
- 1748 - James Thomson (b. 1700 ), Scottish poet, author of the anthem “ Rule, Britain!” ".
- 1839 - Prince Alexander Odoevsky (b. 1802 ), Russian poet, writer, Decembrist.
- 1875 - Vasily Kurochkin (b. 1831 ), poet, translator, journalist.
- 1876 - Eugene Fromantin (b. 1820 ), French painter, writer, art historian.
- 1879 - Rowland Hill (b. 1795 ), teacher and inventor, transformer of postal services in the UK.
- 1901 - Grigory Mastet (b. 1852 ), Russian writer, revolutionary populist.
- 1916 - Petar Kocic (b. 1877 ), Serbian writer, playwright and public figure.
- 1924 - William Maddock Bayliss (b. 1860 ), an English physiologist who discovered (together with E. Starling ) hormones .
- 1935 - Frederick Childe Gassam , American impressionist painter.
- 1937 - Lionel Rothschild (b. 1868 ), British banker, financier, politician and zoologist.
- 1950 - Cesare Pavese (b. 1908 ), Italian writer and translator.
- 1958 - Ernest Orlando Lawrence (b. 1901 ), American physicist, Nobel laureate (1939).
- 1965 - Charles Édouard le Corbusier (b. 1887 ), French-Swiss architect, artist and writer.
- 1967 - Brian Epstein (b. 1934 ), manager of The Beatles .
- 1971 - Margaret Bourke-White (b. 1906 ), American journalist.
- 1975 - Haile Selassie I (b. 1892 ), Emperor of Ethiopia .
- 1978 - Eva Simonaitite (b. 1897 ), Lithuanian Soviet writer.
- 1981 - Valery Kharlamov (b. 1948 ), Soviet hockey player.
- 1990 - Stevie Ray Vaughan (b. 1954 ), American blues guitarist.
- 1991 - Mike Naumenko (born 1955 ), rock musician, leader of the Zoo band.
- 1991 - Piatras Babickas (b. 1903 ), Lithuanian poet, first speaker of the Lithuanian Radio.
- 2007 - Walter Zapashny (b. 1928 ), trainer, people's artist of the RSFSR.
- 2009 - Sergei Mikhalkov (b. 1913 ), writer, chairman of the Union of Writers of the RSFSR , author of the text of the anthems of the USSR and the Russian Federation.
- 2011 - Iya Savvina (b. 1936 ), theater and film actress, People's Artist of the USSR.
- 2014 - Valerie Petrov (b. 1920 ), Bulgarian writer, translator.
Micah Tikhovey. Patterned. Stone storage. Stone cutter.
- The beginning of leaf fall.
- If cranes fly to Micah, wait for the frost in mid-September, if not, wait for late winter.
- A quiet wind - by a clear autumn, a storm - by a rainy September.
- The day is clear - to the windy autumn.
- "Mikheev’s day, the Assumption post ends, has something in common with the Indian summer in a storm-wind."
- "A quiet wind in the garden - dry autumn in the forest"  .
- On this day, honors are given to masons - builders of temples, fortresses and towers, masters of stone.
- In the XX and XXI centuries, the Gregorian calendar is 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar. For other centuries, the correspondence of Gregorian and Julian dates is different; for the correct conversion, you can use the special date converter .
- Old Style, August 14, New Style August 27, Sunday // Orthodox Church Calendar
- August 27, 2017 // Orthodoxy and the world , Orthodox calendar, 2017
- Months + Orthodox Church calendar . days.pravoslavie.ru. Date of treatment September 1, 2009.
- Popular signs: August 27