Shortland is a volcanic island in the Solomon Islands archipelago  . Administratively part of the Western province of the Melanesian state of Solomon Islands . The root name of the island is Alu  .
|Shortland ( Alu )|
|Highest point||185 m|
|Population||2270 people (1999)|
|Population density||11.23 people / km²|
|Water area||Pacific Ocean|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 population
- 4 See also
- 5 notes
- 6 References
Shortland Island is located in the western Pacific Ocean in the Shortland Islands group of islands of the Solomon Islands archipelago. To the north of the island is the island of Bougainville as part of Papua New Guinea , to the east is the island of Choiseul , to the southeast is the island of Velha Lavella . Shortland is a volcanic island surrounded in some places by a coral reef  .
The island is about 16 km long and 13 km wide  . The landscape of the island is rather low-lying  . The highest point of Shortland reaches 185 m  . In the northern part, the island is composed of andesitic lava , and in the southern part it is made of sandstone  . The climate on the island is humid, tropical  . Shortland is prone to earthquakes and cyclones .
It is named after John Shortland (1769-1810) - an English naval officer, explorer of Australia.
In April 1885, a protectorate of the German Empire was established over the island, and in November 14, 1899 Shortland was transferred to the British Empire.  Until 1971, it was part of the British West Pacific Territories  .
During the Second World War , in 1942, the island was captured by the Japanese, who immediately established naval and air bases on Shortland   .
Since 1978, Shortland Island has been part of the Solomon Islands State.
According to 1999 data, the population of Shortland was about 2270 people  . The main settlement is the village of Korovou  . Residents are mainly engaged in agriculture (cultivation of coconut palm ).
The islanders speak the oceanic language of mono alu (2,940 native speakers in 1999; also used on the islands of Mono and Fauro )  .
- List of Solomon Islands
- Solomon Islands. (eng.)
- Shortland Islands . Encyclopædia Britannica . Date of appeal May 24, 2018.
- John Seach. Shortland Island (eng.)
- Worldstatesmen. Solomon islands. (eng.)
- Bougainville History. A little history. (inaccessible link) . Date of treatment April 11, 2008. Archived September 18, 2008. (eng.)
- Guadalcanal. The story. (inaccessible link) . Date of treatment April 11, 2008. Archived June 2, 2008. (eng.)
- Mono . Ethnologue . SIL International (2018). Date of appeal May 25, 2018.