Boris Nikolaevich Veprintsev ( April 4, 1928 - April 11, 1990 ) - Soviet scientist, biophysicist , laureate of the USSR State Prize . Well-known collector of sound recordings of birds in nature.
|Boris Nikolaevich Veprintsev|
|Date of Birth||April 4, 1928|
|Place of Birth||Moscow , RSFSR , USSR|
|Date of death||April 11, 1990 (62 years old)|
|A country||the USSR|
|Awards and prizes|
Boris Nikolayevich Veprintsev was born in the family of a professional revolutionary, member of the RSDLP (b) since 1903 , Nikolai Alexandrovich Veprintsev. In 1932, his father was declared an enemy of the people, arrested and exiled to Barnaul , and after 3 years to Vorkuta . In 1940, he was written off due to illness and sent to live in Livny . In 1941, he died during evacuation at the Morshansk hospital. After the arrest of the head of the family, the mother of Boris Veprintsev was ordered to leave Moscow , but thanks to the intercession of a family friend Sergo Ordzhonikidze, they remained to live in the capital.
While studying at the school in the sixth grade, he joined KUBZ - a circle of young biologists at the Moscow Zoo . Once he attended a meeting of biologists and heard a disc with bird songs recorded by Ludwig Koch, who lived in exile in the UK . In 1947, Boris Veprintsev entered the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University . During his studies, he was engaged in scientific research, visited biological expeditions. In 1951, he was arrested on suspicion of harboring his father, whose fate was unknown to the authorities. Boris Veprintsev was sent to the Kemerovo camp. After the death of Stalin, Gleb Maximilianovich Krzhizhanovsky requested to release Boris Veprintsev. He was brought to Moscow and was in pre-trial detention before the trial. The court found the charges unfounded.
Boris Veprintsev again returned to Moscow State University and graduated from the biofac in 1956 and entered graduate school. He studied the properties of cell membranes. In 1957, he began to record the voices of birds. The first experience was not very successful, but he managed to create a device that can work in natural conditions. In 1960, the first record with bird recordings in nature was released. One of the original copies, Boris Veprintsev sent to the UK Ludwig Koch. N. S. Khrushchev approved the record with bird voices and later several more records with such records were released. In total, during his life, Boris Veprintsev made several hundred such recordings, including more than 500 bird voices.
In 1971, B. N. Veprintsev defended his thesis for the degree of Doctor of Biological Sciences on the topic “On the Connection of the Electrical Activity of a Nerve Cell with RNA Synthesis in It and the Role of the Cell Membrane in the Regulation of RNA Biosynthesis in a Cell”. [one]
He was buried in Pushchino  .
- Methods and techniques for recording animal voices in the field. M., 1963 (shared with V.I. Markov);
- Conservation of genetic resources. Pushchino, 1980 (shared with N.N. Rott);
- The problem of preserving the gene pool. Pushchino, 1984 (shared with N.N. Rott).
- USSR State Prize (1982)