Peter and Paul Cathedral ( Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul ) - destroyed in 1935, an Orthodox church in Barnaul .
|Peter and Paul Cathedral|
|Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul|
|Location||Freedom Square (Barnaul)|
|Project Author||D.P. Makulov|
|Building||June 23, 1771 - February 3, 1774|
The Barnaul Cathedral of Peter and Paul was built on the Cathedral Square of the city instead of a wooden church at the request and at the expense of the Barnaul Silver Smelter , designed by Moscow architect D.P. Makulov in Baroque style . The temple was laid on June 23, 1771. The construction went quite quickly, and on February 3, 1774 it was already consecrated. During construction, the mining engineer I. Meder and second lieutenant Y. N. Popov made changes to the Barnaul project. The carved iconostasis was made by a resident of Tomsk A. Gushchinov, paintings were performed by a Tobolsk merchant A.N.Sumin. All this served as the foundation of the Peter and Paul Cathedral in the 18th century as a role model for the construction of churches in other Siberian cities, in particular, in Tomsk  . In addition, he had the status of the main church of the Kolyvano-Voskresensky mountain district.
The slender silhouette of the Peter and Paul Cathedral emphasized the main compositional axis with the small size of the city and the exceptionally one-story building of Barnaul at the end of the 18th century. Like the St. Petersburg Cathedral of the same name, the cathedral in Barnaul stood out in a wide horizontal perspective of the river, made expressive the volumetric and spatial composition of the city center, creating a vertical accent with its 22-meter bell tower with festive gates. Both cathedrals represented a typical, for European religious architecture, three-nave basilica with a clearly visible cross.
Since the 18th century, there was a cemetery at the cathedral, on which the inventor I.I. Polzunov was buried. In the middle of the XIX century, during the repair of the building, its facades lost the plasticity that characterizes Baroque . In 1872, a chapel was built at the temple, lost in the 1930s.
In 1935, the cathedral was completely destroyed.
Barnaul: Encyclopedia / Ed. V. A. Skubnevsky . - Barnaul: Publishing house Alt. state University , 2000. - ISBN 5-7904-0140-6 .