The Saar franc ( German: Saar-Franken ) was the monetary unit of the territory of the Saar basin from 1918 to 1935 (when the Saar region became part of Germany), and the Saar protectorate from 1947 to 1959 . His course to the French franc was 1: 1.
|Territory of circulation|
|Coins and Banknotes|
|Coins||10, 20, 50, 100 francs|
|Predecessor currency||Mark Saar|
|Start of seizure||1959 year|
|Successor currency||German mark|
|Wikimedia Commons Media Files|
First Saar franc
Second Saar franc
In June 1947, the Saar brand was introduced in Saarland . On November 15, 1947, the French government was authorized to introduce French currency in the Saarland to bring the economy of Sarah to the economy of France. The Saar Mark was exchanged at a 20: 1 exchange rate.
Since January 15, 1948, the French franc has been the only official currency in the Saarland. Before minting their own coins in 1954, exclusively French coins were in circulation.
As a result of the referendum, the Saarland became the tenth federal state of Germany on January 1, 1957 . Economic integration was carried out on July 6, 1959 . On this day, the German mark replaced the French franc .
The course was 100 francs = 0.8507 German marks or 1 mark ≈ 117.55 francs.
The coins corresponded in weight and size to the coins of the French franc and differed from it only in motive. Coins of 10, 20 and 50 francs (year of minting - 1954) depicted the mine and coat of arms of Saar. On coins of 100 francs (year of minting - 1955), a coat of arms framed by a wreath was depicted.
|five||Female portrait||Women at the harvest.||.|
|ten||Female portrait||Women at the harvest.||.|
Banknotes of the Saarish franc were not made, in circulation were exclusively French with the inscription “Territoires occupes” - occupied territories.
- Mark Saar
- Gesetz Nr. 47-2158 vom 15. November 1947 zur Einführung der französischen Währung im Saarland
- Erlass Nr. 47-2170 vom 15. November 1947 über den Währungsumtausch im Saarland
- Ausführungsbestimmungen vom 7. Januar 1948 zur Währungsumrechnung
- Monts of the world: Saar (Saar region)
- Allied emissions of the military command of the Western powers and the USSR in Germany and Austria