Orizaba is a city in Mexico , in the state of Veracruz . According to the 2010 census, 120,995 people lived in the city.
|Mayor||Hugo Chayin Maluli|
|History and geography|
|Center height||1236 m|
|Timezone||UTC − 6 , in summer UTC − 5|
|Population||120 995 people|
|Telephone code||+52 272|
The name of the city comes from the Hispanic pronunciation Ahuilizapan , translated from Nahuatl meaning “joyous waters”. This is connected with the nickname of Orisaba - "City of joyful waters" ( Spanish: Ciudad de las Aguas Alegres ).
Thanks to its economic development, which is ahead of other cities, due to the tobacco monopoly that Orizaba had, the city was chosen by the viceroy Miguel de la Grua Talamanca as its residence and seat of the government of the vice-kingdom during a state of emergency. Thus, in 1797–1798, Orizaba was the capital of the Vice-kingdom.
On May 8, 1874, Orisaba was declared the capital of the state of Veracruz by the governor Apolinar Castillo , but in 1878 a rebellion led by Juan de la Luz Enriquez deprived Castilla of power and finally relocated the seat of the capital in Jalapa .