Monticello ( Monticello ) - the estate of Thomas Jefferson in the south of Virginia , 2 km south of Charlottesville . It is a reference example of early American classicism and a World Heritage site (since 1987)
|Architectural style||American classicism|
|Project Author||Thomas Jefferson|
|Building||1769 - 1809|
|Status||UNESCO World Heritage|
The manor stands on the crest of a 264-meter hill, hence its name, which means “hillock” in Italian. The manor house was founded by Jefferson in 1769 according to his own project, inspired by drawings by Andrea Palladio . On the sides of the manor house stretched two long terraces in the shape of the letter L, which hid from the eyes of the guests the kitchen, laundry and other utility rooms where Negro slaves lived and worked.
In the 1780s, while serving as a messenger at the French court, Jefferson was inspired by the ideas of French classicism. Upon his return to his homeland, he ordered almost completely to demolish the palladian buildings of Monticello and built a new three-story building in 1796-1809, partly brick, partly log, with 35 rooms of various shapes and two facades - the main east and west, for households. The building was crowned by an octagonal dome modeled on the Parisian Salm Palace .
After the death of Jefferson in 1826, his daughter tried to keep the estate untouchable, but, unable to maintain such an extensive farm, ten years later sold Monticello to her father's admirer of captain, captain Levy, who bequeathed him to the state. Heirs of Levy challenged his will in court and retained ownership of the historic estate until 1923, when it passed into the hands of the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Fund. Since then, the Monticello Museum.
Recently, the Monticello estate has become more scandalous due to attempts by historians to uncover the secrets of the biographies of Jefferson and his family. Recently, thanks to the successes of genetics and various kinds of medical examinations, a more detailed analysis has been made of his connection with his slave quarterer Sally Hemmings , who during her stay with him in her family estate gave birth to eight illegitimate fair-skinned children, whom the president wrote free after his death . At the same time, Sally herself was the half-sister (on the father) of the legitimate white wife of Thomas Jefferson. A recent DNA analysis of the descendants of these illegitimate children showed that at least one of them has the genes of the former president. Jefferson himself denied everything during his lifetime.
- Jefferson personally designed not only the appearance of the building, but also the details of its interior, as well as furniture. Its ingenuity is reminded of such ingenious devices as a clock with two dials and an elevator hidden behind a fireplace in the dining room, which can be used to go straight down to the wine cellar.
- The west facade of Monticello was depicted on the back of a 5- cent coin, which was minted in the USA from 1938 to 2003 and minted from 2006 to the present, as well as on the back of a 2- dollar bill from 1928 to 1966.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site No. 442|
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- Wikimedia Commons has Monticello- related media files