Navojoa ( Spanish: Navojoa ) is the fifth largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora . The city is located in the south of the state and is located 680 km from the state border with Arizona , US state.
|The mayor||Onesimo Mariscales Delgadillo|
|History and Geography|
|Center height||50 m|
|Timezone||UTC − 7 , summer UTC − 6|
|Telephone code||+52 642|
The name of the city comes from a Mayo language word meaning “Cactus House” (“Navo” = cactus , “Jova” = house). Even before the Spanish invasion, the valley was inhabited by the Mayo people. Near the Mayo River, on which the city stands, there are several geoglyphs .
In September 1536, the Spaniard Diego de Guzman became the first European to visit the valley, and in 1614 the Jesuit missionaries began to settle there. The city itself was founded on May 7, 1907 .
Due to the distance separating Navajoa from Mexico City , for a long time the region was ignored by the country's leadership, especially during the struggle for independence at the beginning of the XIX century. However, the city gained some importance after the Mexican revolution of 1910. Mexican revolutionary Alvaro Obregon was born in a small town near Navohoa. When he became president of Mexico , he began to introduce modern farming methods into the valley and made it one of the most prosperous in Mexico.
Navoja is the fifth largest city in Sonora (after Hermosillo , Kachem , Nogales and San Luis Rio Colorado ) with a population of about 144,598.
As of 2005, per capita income in the Navohoa municipality was $ 7915, and the human development index was 0.8251. [one]
- Spain : Almeria
- Mexico : Mexicali
- USA : Santa Fe Spring
- Official page (inaccessible link)