Colonel Redl ( German: Oberst Redl , Hungarian. Redl ezredes ) is a film by Istvan Szabo , based on the biography of Alfred Redl .
|Peter Dobai |
John Osbourne (play)
|In the main|
|Klaus Maria Brandauer |
|Film company||Jadran Film, MAFILM Objektív Filmstúdió, MOKEP-Kerszi, Manfred Durniok Filmproduktion, Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF), Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF)|
|A country|| Hungary |
A free interpretation of the biography of counterintelligence of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Alfred Redl , based on the play by John Osborne "A Patriot for Me". This is a story of a gradual deliverance from illusions, which began with an awareness of corruption and licentiousness in the army and ended with a painful understanding of the imminent fall and collapse of the multinational semi-feudal empire, shaken by internal and external contradictions. Colonel Redl ( Klaus Maria Brandauer ), who has lived his whole life and has soared up the career ladder with the name of the emperor on his lips, clings with all his might to the idea of a monarchy, an idea whose flexibility is too late to realize: “What I wanted to protect is no longer there "
Alfred Redl - a boy from a poor large peasant family - wrote poems about the emperor, thanks to which he was taken to an officer school. He made friends with Baron Christoph Kubini and spent his holidays on his estate. There he met his sister Katalin, the love of which he carried through his whole future life, and saw how the nobility lives. Rädl’s careerism is already evident in the school: at lunch at the Kubini estate, he invents a story about the noble origin of his family and refuses to go home for his father’s funeral to take part in the celebration of the emperor’s name day. At the confirmation in the cathedral, the priest tells the cadets that now their emperor Franz Joseph has become their father.
While serving on the Adriatic Redl has to become an arbiter in a duel between his two friends - Lieutenants Shorm and Kubini. Thanks to the patronage of Colonel von Rodin Redl, he is promoted. He leaves for Vienna, where he makes contact with Catalin. After serving in Vienna, Redl receives a position in Galicia, where he mercilessly persecutes abuse, including from his friend Kubini, who receives reprimands for drunkenness and leaves to serve in another district.
Von Rodin drags Redl to Vienna, where he receives the post of head of counterintelligence. He gives all his strength to work, but there are more and more bad rumors around him: in particular, because of suspicions of homosexuality, he has to get married. The heir to the throne gives him the task - for the sake of the interests of the monarchy, find a traitor in order to arrange a show trial over him. However, the Rusyns should be a traitor by nationality, in other words, Redl will have to find his alter ego . Rödle finds a couple of corrupt officials who are at the top of the circle, but they both die.
At a masquerade ball, where all the talk is only about war, Catalin introduces the Redlus to the young Alfredo Velocchio. Men spend time together. On a walk in the woods, Redl splits Wellokio, who was promised money if he learns from Redl a plan of war with Russia. Rädl realizes that he was the victim of a conspiracy and provocation by the heir and all betrayed him. Being in the sight of a hidden camera, he tells the young man the contents of the “P” plan, after which Velokkio disappears into the forest.
Noticing the surveillance, Redl retires to his hotel room. Arriving adjutant of the heir accuses him of treason. Von Roden gives him a slap in the face. Kubini brings to him the offer of the heir to be prudent in the process. His wife and Katalin ask him to accept this offer.
At the meeting with the heir, the officers put forward various proposals on what to do with Redl, who still refuses to cooperate in the process. The old colonel offers to give Redl the opportunity to commit suicide, and the press to present the story of how he received the letter, was exposed by detectives and shot himself. By order of the heir, the newly made colonel Kubini gives his friend a gun. After a painful mental struggle, Redl fires a bullet in his forehead. Redl's things, including his notebook with poems, are sold at auction.
Driving through the city in a car, the heir falls, struck by a shot. World war begins.
- Klaus Maria Brandauer - Colonel Alfred Redl
- Armin Müller-Stahl - heir to the throne
- Gudrun Landgrebe - Catalin Kubini
- Jan Niklas - Christoph Kubini
- Hans Christian Blech - Colonel von Roden
- Laszlo Mensaros - Colonel Ruzicka
- Andras Balint - Dr. Gustav Sonnenshine
- Laszlo Gauffy - Alfredo Velocchio
- Dorothia Udvaros - Clarissa
- Karoy Eperjesh - Lieutenant Jaromil Shorm
- Robert Ratoni - Baron Ullman
- Edward Zhentara - Captain of Chalap
- Flora Kadar - Sister Alfred Redl
- Tamas Major - Baron of Cubigny
Awards and nominations
- 1986 - BAFTA Award
- Best Foreign Language Film - Manfred Durniok , Istvan Szabo
- 1985 - Cannes Film Festival
- Jury Prize - Istvan Szabo
- 1986 - Oscar
- Best Foreign Language Film
- 1985 - Cannes Film Festival
- Golden Palm Branch - Istvan Szabo
- 1986 - Golden Globe Award
- Best Foreign Film
- The prototype of the protagonist is Alfred Redl , an Austrian counterintelligence officer, head of the intelligence department of the intelligence bureau of the General Staff, colonel, chief of staff of the 8th Prague Army Corps, who led the military counterintelligence of Austria-Hungary on the eve of the First World War. In 1903, Redl was recruited by the Warsaw branch of Russian intelligence.
- One of the characters in the film is Dr. Gustav Sonnenshine. The Sonnenshine family story was later told by Istvan Szabo in the film “ Taste of Sunlight ”.
- During the film, several times, like the soundtrack, leitmotif or refrain, the March of Radetzky Strauss Sr. sounds.
- Colonel Redl at the Internet Movie Database
- "Colonel Redl" on the site allmovie