Alexei Petrovich Ivanov ( 1904 - 1982 ) - Soviet Russian opera singer ( baritone ), opera director , teacher , writer , public figure . People's Artist of the USSR ( 1951 )  . Laureate of three Stalin Prizes ( 1946 , 1948 , 1950 ).
|Full name||Alexey Petrovich Ivanov|
|Date of Birth||September 9 (22), 1904|
|Place of Birth||from. Chizhovo , Bezhetsky district , Tver province , |
|Date of death||February 27, 1982 (aged 77)|
|A place of death|
opera director , music teacher ,
|Collectives||Bolshoi Bolshoi Theater (1938-1967)|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Awards and titles
- 3 Creativity
- 3.1 Parties
- 3.2 Discography
- 3.3 Filmography
- 3.4 Selected Literary Works
- 4 memory
- 5 notes
- 6 Literature
- 7 References
Alexey Ivanov was born on September 9 (22), 1904 in the village of Chizhovo (now - in the Bezhetsky district , Tver region ) in the family of a teacher of a parish school . When Alex grew up, he was assigned to this school. There they taught singing, which was also carried away in the Ivanov family.
In a real school of Bezhetsk , where he then entered in 1915, amateur performances were staged by students. The first role that the future singer played was the "party" of Ant in the musical re-enactment of I. A. Krylov ’s fable “ Dragonfly and Ant ”. Upon graduation, he entered the Physics and Mathematics Department of the Tver Teachers' Institute (now Tver State University )  , which he graduated in 1926 . From the same year, he worked as a teacher of physics, mechanics and mathematics at the school of the Federal Law University of the Tver Carriage Works . In 1928 he entered, and in 1932 he graduated from the Leningrad Conservatory. N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov (class G. A. Boss ). Studying at the conservatory, he continued to teach physics and mathematics at schools and technical schools in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg ). He took singing lessons from I.V. Ershov .
Since 1930, he performed at the Opera Studio of the Leningrad Conservatory. N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov. For several years he soloed in the Leningrad State Academic Chapel (the party of Christ in the oratorio of I. S. Bach “ Passion for Matthew ”). In 1932 - 1936 he was a soloist of the Maly Opera House (now the Mikhailovsky Theater ) in Leningrad , in 1936 - 1937 - the Saratov Opera and Ballet Theater , in 1937 - 1938 - the Gorky Opera and Ballet Theater. A. Pushkin , in 1938 - 1967 - the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow . The working repertoire of the singer included about 50 opera parts.
He performed with concerts. He was the first performer of a number of works by V.P. Solovyov-Sedogo , T.N. Khrennikov , and often spoke on radio and television.
Has toured abroad: Austria ( Vienna State Opera , 1945), England ( Covent Garden , London ), Scotland, France ( Olympia , Paris , 1953), East Germany (1955), Italy ( La Scala , Milan ), Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Iceland, Denmark, USA ( Metropolitan Opera , New York ), Sweden ( Royal Opera in Stockholm ).
He tried his hand and as a director. He staged the opera Rigoletto by J. Verdi at the Bolshoi Theater. He continued his directorial practice at the opera studio of the Moscow Conservatory, where he was artistic director (1964-1965).
After leaving the Bolshoi Theater, he taught vocal skills at the Zagorsk (Moscow) Theological Seminary  .
Combined his extensive creative activity with a large socio-political work. He was a deputy of the Moscow Regional Council of Workers' Deputies, chairman of the Republican Commission and a member of the Presidium of the All-Union Committee for the Certification of Singing Teachers, a member of the Art Council of the All-Russian Theater Society , and conducted trade union work.
Summarized the principles of the domestic vocal school in the books “On the Art of Singing”, “Life of an Artist” and others. He wrote memoirs, articles, scientific and methodological works on the art of singing, painting, makeup, mastery of the stage image.
He was fluent in Italian and German, knew English, French, Latin, Greek and Church Slavonic quite well.
He died on February 27 (according to other sources - March 11  ) 1982 in Moscow. He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery  .
Awards and titles
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1947)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1951)
- Stalin Prize of the second degree (1946) - for the performance of the title parts in the operas Demon by A. G. Rubinstein and Rigoletto by G. Verdi, the Devil in the opera Cherevichki by P. I. Tchaikovsky and the Commissioner in the opera On Fire »D. B. Kabalevsky, staged at the Bolshoi
- Stalin Prize of the first degree (1948) - for the performance of the part of Peter in the opera “Enemy Force” by A. N. Serov
- Stalin Prize of the second degree (1950) - for the performance of the title part in the opera Mazepa by P. I. Tchaikovsky
- Two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor (1951, 1976) 
- Medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
- Medal “In memory of the 800th anniversary of Moscow”
- Opera Studio of the Leningrad Conservatory. N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov
- The Mermaid by A. S. Dargomyzhsky - The Stalker , Swat
- " Longing " by J. Puccini - Scarpia
- Small Opera House
- 1932 - The Tsar’s Bride by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov - Dirty
- 1933 - The Kamarino Man by V.V. Zhelobinsky - The Kamarino Man
- The Quiet Don by I. I. Dzerzhinsky - Evgeny Listnitsky
- "Virgin Soil Upturned" by I. Dzerzhinsky - Nagulnov
- “War and Peace” S. S. Prokofiev - Bolkonsky
- Saratov Opera and Ballet Theater
- "Demon" by A. G. Rubinstein - Demon
- The Bolshoi Theatre
- 1938 - Rigoletto by J. Verdi - Rigoletto
- 1938 - The Tsar’s Bride by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov - Dirty
- 1939 - “Demon” by A. G. Rubinstein - Demon
- 1939 - "Mazepa" by P. I. Tchaikovsky - Mazepa
- 1939 - "Carmen" by J. Bizet - Escamillo
- 1939 - "Virgin Soil Upturned" by I. I. Dzerzhinsky - Nagulnov
- 1939 - "Khovanshchina" by M.P. Mussorgsky - Shaklovity
- 1940 - " Aida " by J. Verdi - Amonasro
- 1940 - “ Abesalom and Eteri ” Z.P. Paliashvili - Murman
- 1940 - The Queen of Spades by P. I. Tchaikovsky - Tomsky
- 1941 - “ Cherevichki ” by P. I. Tchaikovsky - Damn
- 1942 - The Barber of Seville by J. Rossini - Figaro
- 1943 - " Longing " by J. Puccini - Scarpia
- 1943 - "The Snow Maiden" by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov - Mizgir
- 1943 - “On Fire” by D. B. Kabalevsky - Commissioner
- 1946 - “Boris Godunov” by M.P. Mussorgsky - Rangoni
- 1947 - “Enemy Strength” by A. N. Serov - Peter
- 1947 - The Great Friendship by V. I. Muradeli - Pomazov
- 1948 - “Dubrovsky” by E. F. Napravnik - Kirill Trofimovich Troekurov
- 1948 - “ Prince Igor ” by A.P. Borodin - Prince Igor
- 1949 - " Sadko " by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov - Guest of Vedenets
- 1951 - “With All My Heart” by G. L. Zhukovsky - Gordey Ilyich
- 1952 - Ruslan and Lyudmila M. M. Glinka - Ruslan
- 1953 - "Decembrists" by Yu. A. Shaporin - Ryleev
- 1954 - Fidelio by L. van Beethoven - Pizarro
- 1954 - Boris Godunov by M.P. Mussorgsky - Shchelkalov
- 1957 - The " Pagliacci " by R. Leoncavallo - Tonio
- 1958 - The Enchantress by P. I. Tchaikovsky - Prince
- 1959 - “ The Tale of Tsar Saltan ” by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov - The Messenger
- 1962 - Falstaff by J. Verdi - Falstaff
- 1947 - “The Snow Maiden” by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov (conductor K. P. Kondrashin ) - Mizgir
- 1948 - "Mazepa" by P. I. Tchaikovsky (conductor V.V. Nebolsin ) - Mazepa
- 1948 - “Dubrovsky” by E. F. Napravnik (conductor V.V. Nebolsin) - Kirill Trofimovich Troekurov
- 1948 - The Queen of Spades by P. I. Tchaikovsky (Conductor A. Sh. Melik-Pashaev ) - Tomsky
- 1948 - Cherevichki by P. I. Tchaikovsky (conductor A. Sh. Melik-Pashaev) - Bes
- 1950 - “Demon” by A. G. Rubinstein (conductor A. Sh. Melik-Pashaev) - Demon
- 1951 - “Khovanshchina” by M. P. Mussorgsky (conductor V.V. Nebolsin ) - Shaklovity
- 1953 - "Carmen" by J. Bizet (conductor V.V. Nebolsin) - Escamillo
- 1955 - "Decembrists" by Yu. A. Shaporin (conductor A. Sh. Melik-Pashaev) - Ryleev
- 1957 - “ Fidelio ” by L. Beethoven (conductor A. Sh. Melik-Pashaev) - Don Pizarro
- 1958 - “ The Tale of Tsar Saltan ” by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov (conductor V.V. Nebolsin) - The Messenger
- 1958 - The Tsar’s Bride by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov - Dirty
- 1959 - The “ Pagliacci ” by R. Leoncavallo (conductor V.V. Nebolsin) - Tonio
- 1962 - Boris Godunov by M. P. Mussorgsky (conductor A. Sh. Melik-Pashaev) - Shchelkalov
- 1961 - Dubrovsky (film opera) - Troekurov
- 1969 - Poltava (film production) - Mazepa
- Ivanov A.P. The artist’s military diaries, 1941-1945: [excerpts from the book “Impressions of life. Diaries ”] / [comp .: Z. N. Shlyakhova, N. A. Ochinskaya]. - M .: Golos-Press, 2015 .-- 191 + 2 s. + 1 electron. opt. disk (CD-ROM). - 1000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-7117-0732-5
- Ivanov A.P. Life of an Artist / [Lit. recording by O. Shmelev ]. - M .: Owls. Russia, 1978.- 288 p. - 50,000 copies.
- Ivanov A.P. The art of singing: practical advice for vocalists and opera singers. - M .: Golos-Press, 2006 .-- 431 + 4 p. - 1000 copies. - ISBN 5-7117-0124-X
- - Ed. 2nd, add., Rev. - M .: Golos-Press, 2008 .-- 221 p. - Discography: p. 4-6. - Theatrical. works of A.P. Ivanov (parties, authors and title. operas): p. 216–217 (50 titles). - 3000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-7117-0526-0
- Ivanov A.P. On the stage and in life: autobiogr. app., letters / [ed. Z. N. Shlyakhova]. - M .: Golos-Press, 2006 .-- 350 p. - 1000 copies. - ISBN 5-7117-0126-6
- Ivanov A.P. On the vocal image. - [M.]: Profizdat, 1968. - 132 p. - (Masters of art - to participants of amateur performances)
- Ivanov A.P. On the art of singing. - [M.]: Profizdat, 1963. - 104 p. - (Masters of art - to participants of amateur performances)
- In Bezhetsk:
- In 2004, at the initiative of the administration of the Bezhetsk district, relatives of the singer and the cultural community of Bezhetsk, with the participation of the Committee for Culture of the Tver Region, the Cultural Fund of A.P. Ivanov was established.
- In 2004, on the 100th anniversary of the artist’s birthday, a monument was installed to Ivanov A. P. (author - sculptor A. N. Kovalchuk)  .
- In 2006, school No. 3 with in-depth study of musical subjects was named after A.P. Ivanov and the artist's room-museum was opened.
- In 2012, the singer’s museum was opened in the Culture and Business Center "Dom Ivanova".
- A memorial plaque to the singer (author - sculptor A. N. Kovalchuk ) is installed on the building of the Culture and Business Center "Dom Ivanova".
- Once every three years, Tver hosts the A.P. Ivanov International Vocal Competition. Every year in September, on the singer’s birthday, the laureates of the contest perform before the Bezhanians.
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov. - 3rd ed. - T. 10: Willow - Italics. - 1972. - 592 p.
- Encyclopedic reference book “Tver region”. Article
- Alexey Petrovich Ivanov
- Alexey Ivanov
- http://bezheck.tverlib.ru/Ivanov_A.P (inaccessible link) .
- Alexey Petrovich Ivanov. 1904-1982: [Nar. artist of the USSR] / State. Order of Lenin Acad. Bolshoi Theater of the USSR. - M.: Art, 1953. -  p.
- Alexey Ivanov - a hero of the opera scene: diaries, notes, memoirs / [comp .:G. N. Gorbenko , Z. N. Shlyakhova ; Ed .: N. A. Ionina ]. - M .: Golos-Press, 2004 .-- 351 p. - 1000 copies. - ISBN 5-7117-0064-2