Alexander Ivanovich Haeckel ( 1845 - 1908 ) - Russian military engineer, major general, specialist in mine explosives.
Born in 1845. At the end of the course in 1864, in the 1st Military Pavlovsk School, he was promoted to ensign in the 3rd Engineer Battalion, but was soon transferred to the 1st and then assigned to the Life Guards Mining Battalion , and at the end of the course of the Galvanic institution he was transferred to him.
In 1870, Lieutenant Haeckel entered the Military Law Academy, which he graduated from. In 1875 he was enrolled in the permanent composition of the Technical Galvanic Institution (later the Electro-technical part of the Main Engineering Directorate).
With the rank of captain, Haeckel participated in the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. , was in the detachment of Plevna , then was in charge of self-propelled mines on the Danube , installed the same mines on the Vesta and Vladimir steamboats , and took an active part in barring defensive mines in the city of Burgas .
Upon his return to St. Petersburg, Colonel Haeckel took up the development of the question of supplying the engineer troops and cavalry with pyroxylin . With this explosive, he made extensive experiments, for which he was sent to Finland , the Caucasus and other places where there were corresponding buildings. Since that time, Haeckel gave lectures on explosives and their use in the officer class when managing the electrotechnical part of the engineering department, and later on at the Military Electrotechnical School, at the disposal of the main engineering department.
Of the military literary works of Haeckel, his book was most widely used: “Damage and destruction by horse-sappers of railway communications, telegraphs, bridges and field tools”. In addition, he wrote books: "Subversive cartridges and their use", "Factory method for the manufacture of nitroglycerin", "Dynamite", "Brief information about explosives", "Subversive business. Guide for the lower ranks "," Bibliographic Index on explosives from 1529 to 1882 "and others; he also compiled the album “Trophies of the Wars of 1812-14,” published after his death.
- Military Encyclopedia / Ed. V.F. Novitsky and others - St. Petersburg. : t. in I.V. Sytin, 1911-1915.