Prince Ivan Mikhailovich Wadbolsky ( 1781 - 1861 ) - a participant in the Napoleonic Wars ; Lieutenant General of the Russian Imperial Army .
|Ivan Mikhailovich Wadbolsky|
Portrait of Ivan Mikhailovich Wadbolsky
workshop  of George Dow . Military Gallery of the Winter Palace , State Hermitage Museum ( St. Petersburg )
|Date of Birth||1781|
|Date of death||1861|
|Type of army||infantry, cavalry|
|Commanded||Lithuanian Ulan Regiment , Mariupol Hussar Regiment , 1st Brig. 2nd hussar. div., 3rd hussar. div|
|Battles / wars||War of the Third Coalition , War of the Fourth Coalition , Patriotic War of 1812 , Foreign Campaigns of 1813-1814 , Russian-Persian War (1826-1828) , Russian-Turkish War (1828-1829)|
|Awards and prizes||Golden weapon “For courage” (1807), Order of St. George , 4th art. (1808), Order of St. Anne , 2nd art. (1812), Order of St. Vladimir , 3rd art. (1812), Order of St. George , 3rd art. (1814), Order of St. Anne , 1st art. (1814), Order of St. Vladimir , 2nd art. (1828)|
Ivan Wadbolsky was born in 1781 , came from the princely family of Wadbolsky , a branch of the Belozersky Rurikovich .
On April 19, 1790, he was enlisted as a sergeant in the Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment and in 1796 appeared in active service (with the transfer on November 21, 1796 to the Cavalier Guard Corps ).
Transferred in 1797 by a non-commissioned officer in the Life Guards Horse Regiment , in 1805, with the rank of captain, he participated with his regiment in the battle of Austerlitz and received a gold saber with the inscription "For Courage".
In 1807 he was wounded near Friedland and was promoted to colonel on August 12, 1807 for his brilliant attack by his squadron , and was awarded the Order of St. May 20, 1808 . George 4th degree (No. 1938 according to the list of Grigorovich - Stepanov, No. 845 according to the list of Sudravsky).
December 20, 1808 was appointed commander of the Lithuanian Lancers Regiment .
In the Patriotic War of 1812 , commanding the Mariupol Hussar Regiment (from January 20, 1812), Colonel Vadbolsky participated with honors in affairs at Oshmyany, Kazyany, Beshenkovichi, near Vitebsk and in a three-day battle at Smolensk . In the battle of Borodino, Wadbolsky was shot in the head with a canister , but the wound did not prevent him from participating in a number of battles: at Mozhaisk, Maloyaroslavets , Vyazma , Krasnoye and others; commanded a separate partisan detachment. For the difference in the battle of Borodino, he was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir 3rd degree.
In the overseas campaigns of 1813-1814 he participated in military operations near Bunzlau, Katzbach , Saint-Dizier, and Brienne ; for distinction, he was promoted to major general on May 21, 1813. In 1814, under La Rotier, Wadbolsky was wounded with a broadsword in his right side and on January 20, 1814 he was awarded the Order of St. George 3rd degree (No. 354).
At the end of the war with Napoleon, he was appointed on August 29, 1814, commander of the 1st Brigade of the 2nd Hussar Division, and since December 1816, he was appointed head of the 3rd Hussar Division.
In 1826, Wadbolsky was transferred to the Separate Caucasian Corps , where he took part in the war with Persia , commanding an infantry division, and for the difference in taking Abbas-Abad , he was promoted to lieutenant general on October 2, 1827.
In 1828, Wadbolsky fought against the Turks and participated in the assaults on Kars , Akhalkalak and Akhaltsykh . For distinction, he was awarded the Order of St. November 16, 1828 Vladimir of the 2nd degree.
Upset health, due to numerous campaigns and wounds, did not allow Wadbolsky to continue his service, and on December 20, 1833 he was dismissed from the service "behind his wounds with a uniform and full pension."
Ivan Mikhailovich Vadbolsky died in 1861 and was buried in the village of Lyubene, Odoevsky district, Tula province .
According to contemporaries, Wadbolsky was a very brave general, but devoid of order and enterprise.
In the service:
- April 19 ( 30 ), 1790 - he entered the service as a sergeant in L.- Guards. Transfiguration Regiment;
- November 21 ( December 2 ), 1796 - transferred by cavalry guard to the Cavalry Guard regiment;
- November 11 ( 22 ), 1797 - transferred to non-commissioned officer in L.-G. Horse Regiment;
- February 6 ( 17 ), 1799 - granted by the standard-cadet;
- June 1 ( 12 ), 1799 - by the cornet;
- September 29 ( October 11 ), 1801 - a lieutenant;
- September 4 ( 16 ), 1802 - by the staff captain;
- December 28, 1803 ( January 9, 1804 ) - the captain;
- August 12 ( 24 ), 1807 - Colonel;
- December 20, 1808 ( January 1, 1809 ) - appointed commander of the Lithuanian Lancers Regiment;
- January 20 ( February 1 ), 1812 - transferred by the commander to the Mariupol Hussar Regiment;
- May 21 ( June 2 ), 1813 - promoted to major general;
- August 29 ( September 10 ), 1814 - appointed commander of the 1st Brigade of the 2nd Hussar Division;
- December 28, 1816 ( January 9, 1817 ) - appointed head of the 3rd Hussar Division
- September 26 ( October 8 ), 1823 - appointed to be a member of the cavalry;
- September 28 ( October 10 ), 1826 - transferred to serve in the Separate Caucasian Corps;
- October 2 ( 14 ), 1827 - for the difference in the battle of July 5 ( 17 ), 1827 , during the siege of cr. Abbas Abad, promoted to lieutenant general;
- May 3 ( 15 ), 1829 - on the occasion of dismissal on vacation before the cure of the disease, from wounds occurring, is appointed to consist of cavalry.
In the hikes was:
- in 1805 - in Austria, on November 20, at Austerlitz, for which he was awarded a golden saber, with the inscription "for courage";
- in 1807 - in Prussia: May 24 and 25, in the reserve of the 1st division, while pursuing the enemy to the river. Passengers; 29 - near the city of Heilsberg; June 2, at Friedland, where a bullet pierces a wound in the neck, for which he was awarded the Order of St. George of 4 class. and the Prussian “For Dignity”;
- in 1809 - in Austria, in Galicia;
- in 1812 - participated in battles: on June 18, when the enemy was discovered by Metro Oshmyany; 23 - while holding the enemy on the river. Desna, under m. Masters; July 13, under s. Beshenkovichi; 25 - near the city of Vitebsk, where for distinction he was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir 3 tbsp .; from August 6 to 9, near the city of Smolensk, for excellent feats he was awarded the Order of St. Anne, 2 tbsp .; 17 - upon departure from the city of Vyazma; 25 - at Borodin, where he was wounded by a buckshot in the head and, for distinction, was awarded a second time the Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd art .; 28 - upon departure from the city of Mozhaisk; September 6, under p. Znamensky; from September 18, he acted with a detachment entrusted to him, composed of two Cossack and one hussar regiments, to exterminate the enemy parties and looters; September 29, was during the capture of the Verey fortifications, where, for the difference, he was awarded the Order of St. Anne 2 tbsp. (secondly granted orders are replaced by the Order of St. Anne, decorated with diamonds); October 13 and 14, near the town of Maloyaroslavets; 22 - near Vyazma; 24 - near Dorogobuzh; November 2, 4, 5 and 6, near Krasny, where the Highest Goodwill has been declared for the difference; 14 - near the city of Borisov;
- in 1813 - abroad, with the Mariupol hussar regiment in battles: on August 6, at metro Lignice; 7, 8 and 9 - at metro Bunzlau; 14 - at p. Kabah (for distinction, he was awarded the Order of St. Anna of the 1st art.);
- in 1814 - January 15, near the city of Saint-Dizier; 17 and 18 - at Brienne-le-Chateau; 20 - at La Rotier , where he was wounded with a broadsword in the good side, and for excellent feats in this matter, he was awarded the Order of St. George III class;
- in 1827 - from May 12 to June 8, under the command of the Adjutant General Count Paskevich-Erivansky, he followed from the assembly place, near s. Shulavera, to the monastery of Etchmiadzin;
- in 1827 - participated in the Persian company:
- in 1828 - he was appointed chief of troops gathered on the Turkish border, then was on a campaign in Turkey, under the command of Adjutant General Count Paskevich-Erivansky, from June 15-19, to cr. The course; from 21 to 22 - was under siege of Kars and 23 - when he was taken by assault, for which he was awarded the Order of S. Vladimir 2 tbsp .; from August 5 to August 15, during the siege and the assault of the Akhaltsy fortress; 17 - was sent, with a special detachment, from the fortress of Akhaltsy to the fortress of Azhur and occupied this fortress on August 18; remained the chief of the assembled troops until October 1 and with them returned to Russia on October 8.
On December 20, 1833 ( January 1, 1834 ) he was dismissed from service for injuries, with a uniform and a full salary pension  .
- State Hermitage Museum. Western European painting. Catalog / Ed. V. F. Levinson-Lessing; ed. A. E. Krol , K. M. Semenova. - 2nd edition, revised and supplemented. - L .: Art, 1981. - T. 2. - S. 256, cat. No. GE-8050. - 360 p.
- Decree on the resignation of 1833. (Cases 3 tables, I department of the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War, 1834, bunch 677, d. No. 248.) . Runivers.Ru. Date of treatment October 17, 2013.
- Kolpakidi A., North A. Special Forces GRU. - M .: Yauza, Eksmo, 2008 .-- S. 69-70. - 864 s. - ISBN 978-5-699-28983-7 .
- Wadbolsky, Ivan Mikhailovich, Prince // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.
- Dictionary of Russian generals, participants in the hostilities against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1812-1815. // Russian archive. The history of the Fatherland in the evidence and documents of the XVIII — XX centuries. : Collection. - M .: TRITE studio N. Mikhalkova , 1996. - T. VII . - S. 329 . - ISSN 0869-20011 . (Comm. A. A. Podmazo )