The 86th Infantry Wilmanstrand Regiment is an infantry military unit of the Russian Imperial Army .
|86th Infantry Wilmanstrand Regiment|
Badge of the 86th Infantry Wilmanstrand Regiment
|Years of existence||1st formation - August 16, 1806|
2nd formation - June 18, 1863 - April 12, 1918
|A country||Russian empire|
|Included in||22nd infantry. div ( 1st AK )|
|Participation in||The Russo-Swedish War of 1808-1809 , the Patriotic War of 1812 , the Foreign Campaigns of 1813 and 1814 , Russo-Japanese War , World War I|
- 1 First regiment formation
- 2 Disbandment
- 3 Second Regiment Formation
- 4 Campaign Regiments
- 5 Insignia
- 6 Regiment Commanders
- 7 Chefs of the regiment
- 8 Famous people who served in the regiment
- 9 Regimental Temple
- 10 Monument
- 11 Sources
- 12 Links
First Regiment Formation
The regiment was formed on August 16, 1806 by Major General L. I. Gerard in Tver from one grenadier and three musketeer companies of the old Ufa regiment, with the addition of recruits . Received the name " Wilmanstrand Musketeer Regiment ". On February 22, 1816, it was named Wilmanstrand Infantry Regiment . Then the regiment was made up of three battalions .
On January 28, 1833, one and a half battalions of the 46th Jaeger Regiment were added to the regiment, after which the regiment was named " Wilmanstrand Jaeger ". The regiment consists of four battalions, the first and second being active battalions and were renamed from the same battalions of the former Wilmanstrand Infantry Regiment, the third battalion was composed of the first active battalion of the 46th Jäger Regiment, and the fourth battalion was from the reserve reserve battalion of the Wilmanstrand Regiment and battalion of the 46th ranger regiment.
Disbandment of the Regiment
On July 3, 1835 , when the jaeger and infantry regiments located in Finland were converted into linear battalions, the jaeger companies of the 2nd and 3rd active and 4th reserve battalions of the Wilmanstrand Jaeger regiment entered the formation of the Finland linear battalions No. 6, 7 and 8. The remaining companies of the Wilmanstrand Regiment went to the manning of the fleet and regiments of the Grenadier Corps (carabinier companies).
Second Regiment Formation
In 1854, the 7th Finland Line Battalion (formed from the 7th, 8th, 9th and 11th companies of the Wilmanstrand Jäger Regiment) was reorganized into two line battalions No. 11 and 12. In 1856, these battalions were again consolidated into one Finland battalion No. 5, which served as the basis for the formation of a two-battalion infantry regiment on June 18, 1863 , for which people from the Finland Line Battalion No. 2 and recruits were added to the Finland Line No. 5 battalion. On March 25, 1864, the regiment was named the 86th Infantry Wilmanstrand; on July 3, 1874, the Archduke of Austria, Albrecht , whose name was appended to the name of the regiment, was appointed his chief . With his death on February 15, 1895, the regiment became known as the 86th Infantry Wilmanstrand Regiment.
On July 13, 1900, the Highest Command ordered the regiment to be given seniority on August 16, 1806 , that is, from the day the Wilmanstrand Musketeer Regiment was formed.
The regiment had a simple banner with the inscription "1806-1906" and the Alexander ribbon, granted by the Highest Order on August 16, 1906 . Regimental holiday - August 30 .
According to the mobilization of 1914, the Wilmanstrand regiment allocated part of the officers who made up the personnel of the 266th Porechensky Infantry Regiment , 2 lines.
After the October Revolution, the Wilmanstrand Regiment returned to its apartments in Staraya Russa and was disbanded on April 12, 1918 .
The Wilmanstrand Regiment took part in the Finnish War of 1808-1809.
In the Patriotic War of 1812, the regiment was in battles near Smolensk , on Valutina Hill , at Borodino and at Maloyaroslavets . In the overseas campaigns of 1813 and 1814 The Wilmanstrand regiment participated in the battles of Bauzen and Leipzig , and was also in the capture of Paris .
During the Crimean War, the regiment defended the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland and in 1855 was in Sveaborg during the bombing of its Anglo-French fleet.
In the Russo-Japanese War, the Wilmanstrand Regiment participated in battles at Shahe , in attacks on the Two-humped, Novgorod and Putilov hills, and in the battle near the village of Hulantun ( February 17, 1905 ).
During the First World War in 1914, the regiment was involved in operations in East Prussia , Warsaw-Ivanogorodskaya and near Lodz . In the 1915 campaign , the regiment participated in battles near Lomza , on the Beaver , Neman and Grodno rivers. The following year, he suffered huge losses in the Naroch operation . After replenishment, the Wilmanstrands participated in the famous Brusilovsky breakthrough .
- Insignia (breastplates for officers, headgear for lower ranks) with the inscription: "For excellence in the war with Japan in 1904 and 1905". The highest order on October 5, 1912.
- 11/06/1806 - 02/25/1807 - Colonel Yushkov, Pavel Stepanovich
- 02/25/1807 - 03/18/1810 - Colonel Palibin, Peter Ignatievich
- on 08/26/1812 - Colonel Sokarev, I.F.
- 06/01/1815 - 03/20/1819 - Colonel Bestuzhev-Ryumin, Mikhail Dmitrievich
- 04/22/1819 -? - Lieutenant Colonel Morental, Ivan Fedorovich
- 07/13/1863 - 05/18/1866 - Colonel Chepurnov, Alexander Ivanovich
- xx.xx.1866 - xx.xx.1872 - Colonel von Erkert, Georg Gansovich
- 08/14/1872 - 08/30/1876 - Colonel Kononovich, Kazimir Iosifovich
- 08/30/1876 - 11/10/1878 - Colonel Dolukhanov, Khozrev Mirzabekovich
- 11/10/1878 - 10/25/1888 - Colonel Polivanov, Matvey Mikhailovich
- 11/06/1889 - 02/26/1894 - Colonel Ockerman, Wilhelm Khristianovich
- 03.03.1894 - 01.29.1898 - Colonel Vishnyakov, Evgeny Petrovich
- 02/10/1898 - 12/18/1900 - Colonel Kurganovich, Konstantin Osipovich
- 12/18/1900 - 12/18/1904 - Colonel Sivitsky, Mechislav-Joseph Lyutsianovich
- 12.24.1904 - 07.14.1910 - Colonel Tikhomirov, Nikolai Ivanovich
- 07/31/1910 - 12/24/1913 - Colonel Kruglevsky, Vasily Alexandrovich
- 01/23/1914 - 03/25/1915 - Colonel Tunzelman-von-Adlerflug, Nikolai Nikolaevich
- 03/25/1915 - 10/22/1916 - Colonel Pavlovsky, Yaroslav Leonovich
- 10.28.1917 - Colonel Zakharov, Savva Vasilievich
Chefs of the regiment
- August 24, 1806 - October 11, 1806 - Major General Gerard, Loggin Ivanovich
- 10.30.1806 - 03.11.1807 - Major General Skipor, Anton Petrovich
- 03/11/807 - 04/30/1814 - Major General Tuchkov, Pavel Alekseevich
- 07/03/1874 - 02/15/1895 - Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teshen
Famous people who served in the regiment
- Putkovsky, Alexander Zakharovich - Ensign of the Wilmanstrand Regiment (later Colonel)
- Dubrovin, Vladimir Dmitrievich - second lieutenant of the Wilmanstrand regiment, revolutionary.
The regimental temple of the regiment was the Alexander Nevsky Church .
On October 25, 1913 in Staraya Russa solemnly, with a prayer service, a monument was laid to the “Valiant Wilmanstrans” (“Oryol”). The missing amount for the construction was sent by Emperor Nicholas II . The inscription on the monument reads: “To the valiant Wilmanstrans who died in the battles of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. 86 infantry. Wilmanstrand Regiment. ”
- Military Encyclopedia / Ed. V.F. Novitsky and others - St. Petersburg. : t. in I.V. Sytin, 1911-1915.
- Gabaev G.S. Mural by Russian regiments of 1812. Kiev, 1912
- Efimov N.S. Brief memo of the 86th Infantry Wilmanstrand Regiment. 1806-1908. Novgorod, 1906 (2nd edition: St. Petersburg, 1912).
- Khokhlov I. Wilmanstrand Infantry Regiment in the history of Staraya Russa
- Encyclopedia of Military and Naval Sciences, edited by G. A. Leer. T. II.
- Podmazo A. A. "Chefs and commanders of regular regiments of the Russian army (1796-1825)"
- 86th Infantry Wilmanstrand Regiment .