Dover ( Eng. Dover [ˈdoʊvər] , fr. Douvres  , Lat. Dubris ) - a city and port in the UK , in the English county of Kent , the administrative center of the same area .
|A country||Great Britain|
|Region||South east england|
|History and Geography|
|Timezone||UTC0 , summer UTC + 1|
|Population||39,078 people ( 2001 )|
|Telephone code||+44 1304|
Located at the strait of Pas de Calais , is connected by railway ferry to Dunkirk ( France ).
Geography and climate
Dover is located near the extreme southeastern point of Great Britain. South Spit ( South Foreland ), located 4.8 km northeast of Dover - the closest point to the continent of the island, the distance here to Cape Gris Neu (near Calais) is only 34 km. The city is located in the Daur River Valley. Dover Bay is almost completely surrounded by breakwaters. The climate is temperate marine, similar to the climate of neighboring regions of England. The average annual rainfall is about 570 mm.
As of 1800, the population of Dover was estimated at approximately 10,000. According to the 2001 census, the population of Dover is 28,156 people, while the population of the entire urban area is 39,078 people  . The city is expanding mainly up the river valley, while some villages are part of it.
Motorways to Dover include the A20, A2, and A258. Railway communication (2 directions). From 1897 to 1936, the city had a system of tram tracks. An important transport is the ferry to French Calais .
Of the sights it is worth noting Dover Castle , one of the largest in area in the UK and having a very important strategic position for a long time. Also, the White Cliffs of Dover can be considered a tourist attraction. These Cretaceous rock formations reach 107 meters in height. Dover cliffs due to the bright color are visible from the French cape Gris-Ne ("Cape Gray"). Although such chalk cliffs are not uncommon in the southeast of England, it is the Dover ones that are the most popular. A lot of works are dedicated to them. Dover White Cliffs have long served among sailors as a symbol of approaching the shores of England. It is to them that England owes the Roman name "Albion" ("albus" - "white").
Aerial view of the city
Castle view from the beach
Famous Natives and Residents
- Robert Gifford ( German: Robert Gifford, 1. Baron Gifford ) ( 1779 - 1826 ), British peer , baron , lawyer, judge and politician.
- List of UK ports and harbors
- fr: Liste des noms français de toponymes britanniques (fr.)
- KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas . National Statistics . Date of treatment June 8, 2007. Archived on August 22, 2011.