Jeanne de Turbé , in the marriage of the Countess de Loine ( fr. Jeanne de Tourbey, comtesse de Loynes , actually Mary Anna Deturbe , fr. Marie Anne Detourbay , January 18, 1837 , Reims - January 21, 1908 , Paris ) - French courtesan , a star of the Second Empire and the early decades of the Third Republic .
|Jeanne de Turbé|
|fr Jeanne de Tourbey, comtesse de Loynes|
Amory-Duval. Portrait of Jeanne de Turbe, future Countess de Loine, 1862 , Orsay Museum
|Birth name||Marie Anna Deturbe|
|Date of Birth||January 18, 1837|
|Place of Birth||Reims|
|Date of death||January 21, 1908 (71 years)|
|Place of death||Paris|
Beginning of life
From a poor and large family, as a child I earned by washing bottles of champagne. Appeared in Paris in the mid-1850s under the name Mademoiselle Jeanne de Turbé, and soon made a dizzy career as a kept woman . Settled on the Place des Vosges .
From the twilight lady to the socialite
The beloved Marx Fournier, the director of the capital’s theater, Port Saint-Martin , whom she utterly ruined, and then Prince Napoleon, took in all the colors of literary Paris in her salon. Theophile Gautier , Sainte-Beuve , Ernest Renan , Emil de Girardin , Gustave Flaubert were here , Ivan Turgenev . With most of them, the owner of the salon for years corresponded. Got the nickname Lady with violets (by model - Lady with camellias ). In 1862 - 1870 she was patronized by a large administrator Ernest Barosh , who left her friend a fortune of 800 thousand francs.
In 1872, she married Count Victor Edgar de Loine, becoming a " social lioness " from the lady of the demi- monde . Moved to the Champs Elysees . The stars of the Third Republic - Clemenceau , Alexandre Dumas son , Maurice Barres and young writers close to him - have now been added to the stars of the Second Empire in her salon.
In the early 1880s, she met a literary critic Jules Lemaitre , he became her new chosen one. Under the influence of the countess, who was 15 years older than him, Lemaitur founded the Nationalist League of Defenders of the Fatherland in the late 1898 ( Fr. Ligue de la patrie française , existed until 1904 ), became its first president. The League saw its leader, General Boulanger , took anti-drifusar positions. As a result, some of her former friends (Clemenceau, Anatole France ) left the Countess. Then she acted as an assistant to Charles Morras and Leon Daudet in the organization of the royalist movement Action Française ( Fr. Action française ).
Buried at the Montmartre cemetery .
- Loliée fr. Les femmes du second empire: La fête impériale. Paris: J. Tallandier, 1906 (reprinted many times, English translation, 1907)
- Meyer A. Forty years of Parisian society. London: E. Nash, 1912
- Ercole L. La dame aux violettes; variété inédite. Paris: sn, 1935
- Jacob A. Il ya un siècle — quand les dames tenaient salon. Paris: Editions A. Seydoux, 1991