Ekarte is a card game invented by the servants of the higher houses of France . The word écarté is translated from French as “discarded”, “discarded”. Not requiring intense thought, the ecarte allowed the servant to quickly break away from her and continue again, without violating official duties. Then she fell into higher circles, but at the end of the XIX century lost her popularity. It should be mentioned that there is another game with the same name, but a gamble; similar games - baccarat and macao .
Two players. Deck - 32 sheets. The seniority of the cards is unusual - K (1 point), D, B, T, 10, 9, 8, 7. In addition to the king, other cards have no value.
5 cards are dealt to each player. On the first lap, it is customary to first dealt two cards, then three each, or first three, and then two. After the deal, the top card of the deck is opened - it is it that becomes the trump card . The first buy-in can be announced by the player to the left of the dealer - his hand is considered to be leading in the ecart. You can replace one to several cards. The dealer or the dealer has the right to reject the offers of players for a replacement who are allowed to make an exchange at any time of the game, except when there are two cards left in the deck. In the event that a player does not require a buyback, or if the dealer does not agree to a replacement, they become vulnerable. In this case, with the opponent’s successful move, you can lose points or earn penalties. For failure to comply with the rules, each of the participants is fined for a predetermined number of points. Cards that replace become dead and no longer participate in the game until it resumes.
Before making their move, both opponents announce that they have a king (s). Each king is given one point. The first move is provided to the lead player. It is customary to cover the laid out card with a card of the same suit, in its absence - trump cards. He who takes three or four tricks records 1 point, all 5 - 2 points. Then, from the remaining deck, the cards are dealt again, and the game continues. Played cards are laid aside. The winner is the one who first scores 5 points in one or two games. In the e-card, players can make bets, and those who bet on one of the opponents at the table have the right to provide advice to their player.
- The game in the ecart is presented in the story “How the Brigadier Got the King” (“The Feats of the Brigadier Gerard ”), and is also mentioned in the 10th chapter of Conan Doyle ’s novel “ The Hound of the Baskervilles ”. Mentioned in chapter 43 of Suzanne Clark’s book Jonathan Strange and Mr. Norrell Mentioned in the 51st chapter of William Thackeray’s novel Vanity Fair and in the 3rd chapter of Guy de Maupassant ’s novel “ Dear Friend ”, as well as in the story “ William Wilson ” by Edgar Allan Poe .
- N. Yu. Rozaliev. Card games in casinos and at home. M., 1999.