Project 183-P missile boats (Komar code) - project (series) of Soviet missile boats . He became the first missile boat in the world  , that is, a new type of weapon of the navy of the armed forces .
|Project 183-P missile boats|
RCA Ave. 183-P
Project 183-P missile boat
|Prior type||first in the world|
|Subsequent type||project 205|
|Full displacement||81 t|
|Reservation||7 mm cabin and anti-aircraft machines|
|Engines||4 × 1,200 h.p. M-50F (M-50F-1, M-50FTK)|
|Power||4 800 h.p.|
|Sailing range||885 miles (11.8 knots)|
450 miles (27.5 knots)
|Autonomy of swimming||5 days|
|Crew||17 (3 officers )|
|Radar weapons||radar station (radar) " Rangout "|
|Missile weapons||2 × 1 PU KT-67 PKR P-15 (P-15TG)|
1 × 2 25 mm 2M-3M (1,000 shells)
It was created in 1959 on the basis of a project 183 torpedo boat , on which instead of torpedo weapons two hangar-type launchers for P-15 Termite missiles were mounted.
They were built at two enterprises - Plant No. 5 (Almaz) in Leningrad and No. 602 Vladivostok .
From 1959 to the end of 1965, 112 boats were built under this project, including project 183E (E-experimental, 1957) - 2 units, project 183P - 58 units, project 183TP - 52 units, project 183P-TR - 2 units. Alternatively, in 1961, the design of the boat 205U was developed, the differences in the projects consisted in replacing the hangars for missiles with more compact cylindrical containers for the P-15U missile with a folding wing.
Mounted on a boatICE "Maple", which received data from the radar "Rangout".
Boats were delivered to other countries:
|A country||amount||Years of supply||Notes|
|Cuba||18||1962 - 1966||Currently withdrawn from the fleet|
|Indonesia||12||1961 - 1965||Withdrawn from the fleet in 1969|
|DPRK||ten||Delivered both from the USSR and from China|
|Egypt||7||1962 - 1967||Currently withdrawn from the fleet|
|Vietnam||four||Currently withdrawn from the fleet|
|Iraq||3||1972 - 1976||All destroyed during the Iraq war|
In China, boats were built under license (Type 024, about 40 units were built), and in Egypt on their basis in 1980, their own type of missile boats, October (6 units were built), was developed.
For the first time in the history of naval wars, boats of this type have successfully used guided anti-ship missiles. On October 21, 1967, two Egyptian boats of Project 183P, No. 504, under the command of 3rd-rank captain Ahmed Shaker Abd al-Waheda and No. 501, under the command of 1st-rank captain Lutfi Jadall, used Termit missiles P-15 on the Israeli destroyer Eilat "(An English-built ship of 1944, with a displacement of 1,710 tons). As a result of the hits, the destroyer sank, 47 sailors were killed  .
On May 13, 1970, an Israeli trawler Orit with a displacement of 70 tons was sunk by an Egyptian boat 183P, fishing in the al- Bardawil lagoon. Killed 4 crew members.
Later, Komar boats were used in the 1973 Arab-Israeli war .
- Kuzin V.P., Nikolsky V.I. "The Navy of the USSR 1945-1991." St. Petersburg. , Historical Maritime Society, 1996. p. 186
- Ibrahim Hijazi. Storybook, chapter “Out of the Circle”.
- Small missile boats. Project 183P . russianships.info . RussianShips.info. Date of treatment January 3, 2018.
- The world's first missile boats and small missile ships . www.almaz.spb.ru . ALMAZ Shipbuilding Company. Date of treatment January 3, 2018.