Yosef-Shmeyrl Epelboim ( October 11, 1893 , Gancheshti , Chisinau Uyezd , Bessarabian Province - 1962 , Chisinau , Moldavian SSR ) - Bessarabian and Soviet rabbi and public figure.
|Joseph Shmarievich Epelboim|
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Yosef Epelboim was born in the Bessarabian town of Gancheshti (now the district center of the Hincesti district of Moldova ) in the family of the Ganchest rabbi Shmarje Shmilevich Epelboim (1871-1942) and Maryam Stolyar (1875-1913). In childhood, he fell ill with polio , which left a limp. He received the rabbinical title ( smikhu ) from Leib Tsirelson in Chisinau and until 1940 worked as his personal secretary.
In 1920-1930 he was one of the leaders of the Chisinau branch of the orthodox association “Agudas Isroel”, was involved in organizing assistance to Jewish refugees from Ukraine . He participated in the opening of a community home for the elderly in Chisinau, the first Bess Yaakov religious school for girls in Bessarabia . Since 1928, he published the Yiddish newspaper Di Voh ( Week ), published under the pseudonym Joseph Shatz . In the 1930s, he published the monthly journal Der Shtyb — Journal ( Home Journal ). He taught at the religious gymnasium of the rabbi L. M. Tsirelson Mogen Dovid and the foundations of Judaism in the Romanian gymnasiums of the city.
In 1938, Yosef Epelboim published a teaching treatise, “Pninei Hados” ( Pearl of Faith ), which has survived several reprints in different countries in recent decades. During the Great Patriotic War - in evacuation. From 1945 until the end of his life, he was the rabbi of the Jewish community of Chisinau , located in the only synagogue of glaziers left after the war ( glazershil ).
Nephew - mathematician Idel Usherovich Bronstein . [one]
- פּניני הדת: מעין שלחן ערוך שטתי, מקצר ומפֿרש להבנת התלמידים ( Pninei hados is the pearl of faith, יוסף אפלבוים). Chisinau : Printing house “Liberal”, 1938 (reprints: New York , 1958, 1962, 1972, 1986).