“Jaws” (Eng. Jaws ; USA, 1975) - a thriller directed by Stephen Spielberg  , an adaptation of the eponymous work by Peter Benchley  .
|Producer||David brown |
|Peter Benchley |
|In the main|
|Roy Scheider |
|Film company||Universal pictures|
|Duration||Theatrical version: |
|Budget||$ 7 million|
|Next movie||Jaw 2|
According to the plot, a giant cannibal shark attacks tourists on the island of Emity, the fictional resort city of New England , which prompts the local police chief to catch it with the help of an oceanologist and a professional shark hunter  . Starring: Roy Scheider in the role of police chief Martin Brody; Robert Shaw as Quint Shark Hunter; Richard Dreyfus as Oceanographer Matt Hooper; Murray Hamilton as Larry Vaughn, Mayor of Amity Island; and Lorraine Gary as Ellen, Brody's wife. The script of the film is attributed to both Benchley, who wrote the first versions of the script, and actor-writer Carl Gottlieb, who rewrote the script during the filming period .
The film was shot on the island of Martas-Vinyard in Massachusetts and had problems with production, going beyond budget and on time. The total budget amounted to 9 million, exceeding the planned 5 million  . Since the mechanical sharks of the art department suffered from many malfunctions, Spielberg decided to mostly hint at the presence of the animal, using John Williams' sinister musical theme to indicate the upcoming appearance of the shark  . Spielberg and others compared this approach with the methods of the classic thriller director Alfred Hitchcock . The film company Universal Pictures provided the film with an exceptionally wide release for a large studio picture of the time (more than 409 movie screens)  , accompanied by an extensive marketing campaign with a focus on TV advertising and related products. The first film grossed over $ 100 million at the box office.  Total fees amounted to 470 million  .
Now considered as one of the greatest films in history, Jaws was the prototype of modern summer blockbusters  , and its release is considered a turning point in the history of cinema  . Jaws was the highest grossing film of all time before the release of Star Wars . The film has won various awards for soundtrack and editing  , including three Oscars  . Along with Star Wars, Jaws has played a decisive role in creating a modern Hollywood business model that revolves around high box office grossing action and adventure films coming out in the summer in thousands of movie theaters and supported by massive advertising  . The film was followed by three sequels , created without the participation of Spielberg and Benchley, as well as many imitative thrillers. In 2001, Jaws was elected by the Library of Congress for storage on the United States National Register of Films , being recognized as "culturally, historically, and aesthetically significant."
The film takes place from June 29 to July 5, 1974 on the island of Emiti, where a small resort town with the same name is located. Young woman Kristina Watkins decides to swim at night and becomes the first victim of a huge white shark that appeared off the coast of Emity.
In the morning, local police sheriff Martin Brody ( Roy Scheider ) and his assistant Lenny Hendricks find Christina’s remains on the shore. Brody recently moved to the island from New York and lives here with his wife Ellen and two sons, Mike and Sean. The sheriff wants to close the beaches for a while, notify the coast guard about the tragedy and call a special team to catch the shark, but the mayor of the island Larry Vaughn, supported by the owners of coastal hotels, is categorically against this prospect, since the city needs “summer dollars”. And ahead of July 4 - US Independence Day , when many guests will be present, and the annual sailing regatta should be held for the 50th time. Brody agrees with Wawn. The doctor is rewriting the conclusion about the death of Christina, who now allegedly fell under the boat's propeller.
Meanwhile, the number of shark victims continues to increase. First, a dog belonging to one of the vacationers dies, and on the same day a shark eats a local boy, Alex Kintner. The mayor himself is already scared, but he still does not want to inform citizens of imminent danger. At a meeting of the inhabitants of Emity, a local shark hunter, a World War II veteran, and now a fisherman Quint ( Robert Shaw ) offers to catch a cannibal shark on his ship for 10 thousand dollars , but he is refused. All the exhortations of Martin Brody and the expert from the National Institute of Oceanography Matt Hooper ( Richard Dreyfuss ) who arrived here did not take effect. At the same time, fishermen catch a three-meter tiger shark, and the city sighs with relief, believing that this is a cannibal, although Hooper does not find human remains in her entrails.
Soon the fisherman Ben Gardner goes missing. On July 4, a killer shark appears before the eyes of hundreds of bathers in shallow water, dragging a swimming instructor into the abyss. Brody's eldest son, Michael, as a result of a shock from what he saw, ends up in the hospital. The shocked mayor is forced to immediately sign an agreement with Quint, and on the fishing schooner Orca , adapted for shark fishing, Quint, Hooper and Brody go hunting. Brody suffers from a fear of the water, but is forced to overcome himself.
Having gone out into the ocean, Quint, using bait forbidden by law, catches a cannibal shark on a hook, but it turns out to be so huge that it almost turns the ship over, makes a hole in it, and it has to be released. As a last resort, Hooper descends into the sea in a steel cage to kill a shark with a syringe with poison. However, the monster breaks the cage, Hooper barely succeeds in slipping away and hiding in the crevice. An angry shark jumps out of the water and falls into the stern of the ship, which begins to sink. A quint on a banked deck slides into the mouth of a shark and dies in terrible torment. Brody is trying to fight off the shark with an oxygen cylinder, and he is stuck in her mouth. The ship is sinking. Brody climbs a mast with a harpoon and rifle. He inflicts several wounds on the shark with a harpoon, which gets stuck in the body of the shark and breaks. Taking a rifle, Brody misses five times, but at the last moment he manages to get a shot directly into the cylinder, which is stuck in the mouth of a shark, and the head of the predator bursts with an explosion. Brody and Hooper, who came to the surface, hug with great relief and, having made a raft of surviving gear, head for the shore.
|Roy Scheider||Sheriff Martin Brody|
|Robert Shaw||Quint Shark Hunter|
|Richard Dreyfus||Matt Hooper expert oceanologist|
|Lorraine Gary||Ellen Brody Sheriff's Wife|
|Mayor Larry Vaughn (in other translations - Vochen)|
|"Ben," Harry Meadows editor of a local newspaper|
|Leonard Hendricks Deputy Mayor|
- Cash collection in the United States amounted to $ 260 million, in other countries $ 210.6 million.
- Charlton Heston auditioned for Martin Brody, and Jeff Bridges , Timothy Bottoms and Jan-Michael Vincent auditioned for Matt Hooper. Peter Benchley, in turn, wanted to film actors such as Robert Redford , Paul Newman, and Steve McQueen .
- In the scene where a shark attacks a cage with Hooper sitting in it, underwater cameramen Ron and Valerie Taylor used a real shark. But since the live shark was much smaller than the mechanical one used for filming, two smaller cages were built. In one, made on a 1: 2 scale, a mannequin was placed; in the second one, made on a 5: 8 scale, there was a professional jockey and stuntman Carl Rizzo, 4 feet 9 inches tall (about 145 cm). In the original version of the script, the shark was not supposed to break the cage, but after the real fish began to break into the cage, and these rare shots were shot, the script was rewritten, and these frames got into the movie.
- Steven Spielberg (in a scene on the beach where he played the clarinet in the orchestra) and Peter Benchley (TV reporter reporting on a shark on Emity) starred in episodic roles.
- The initial scene of the film was spoiled by Spielberg himself in the comedy " 1941 " (1979).
- The working title of the film was “Silence in the Water” ( English Stillness in the Water ).
- The mechanical model of the shark, made for the filming of the film, was nicknamed "Bruce" on the set. This circumstance was used by the creators of the cartoon “Finding Nemo,” in which the white shark is also called Bruce. According to the recollections of the participants in the filming of the film, the mechanical shark constantly failed; something similar happens with the white shark from the cartoon "Finding Nemo".
- Robert Zemeckis ’s science fiction comedy Back to the Future 2 mentions the movie Jaws 19, directed by Max Spielberg (this is the name of Steven Spielberg’s son).
- The film refers to the disaster of the heavy cruiser Indianapolis , which went down in the history of the US Navy as the most massive death of personnel (883 people) as a result of one flooding. The main reason for the death of sailors then were the attacks of sharks   .
- It is the first film released on a laser disc .
Prizes and nominations
- 1976 - Academy Award
- Best film nomination
- Best Editing (Verna Fields)
- Best Music ( John Williams )
- Best Sound (Robert L. Hoyt, Roger Jimen Jr., Earl Madery, John R. Carter)
- 1976 - BAFTA Award
- Anthony Escuit Special Award for Best Music
- BAFTA Award nominations in 6 categories
- 1976 - Golden Globe Award
- The best music
- Golden Globe Award nominations in 3 categories
- 1976 - Grammy Award
- Best album based on movie or television movie music
- Jaws 3D
- Finnish film distribution leaders List of the most popular Finnish film distribution films by years
- Elena Yakovleva. Spielberg List. 10 films of the famous director // Arguments and Facts , 12/18/2016.
- Anastasia Vyskubina. The secret to the success of the cult horror "Jaws" // Russian newspaper , 06/22/2016.
- Irina Politskaya. Spielberg's most successful films // , December 18, 2016.
- Indianapolis and Sharks. Violence of predators over distressed sailors . Date of treatment December 30, 2012. Archived January 5, 2013.
- Cruiser USS Indianapolis - tragedy at sea - Historical background . Date of treatment December 30, 2012. Archived January 5, 2013.
- Jaws on the Internet Movie Database
- Vitaliy Karatsupa: “Jaws” on the site “Science Fiction Archive” (Russian) (Retrieved June 16, 2009)
- Jaws on Steven Spielberg’s Russian fan site (in Russian) (Retrieved June 16, 2009)
- review of the movie Roger Ebert