Shorshely ( Chuvash. Shurshăl ) is a village of the Mariinsko-Posad district of Chuvashia , 30 km from Cheboksary , the administrative center of the Shorshel rural settlement . Located on the high right bank of the Tsivil River - a tributary of the Volga . Translated from the Chuvash language, Shorshely means "bright keys." About 900 people live. The village is connected by an asphalt road and telephone connection with the capital of Chuvashia and the Mariinsky Posad district center.
|Subject of the federation||Chuvashia|
|Municipal District||Mariinsko Posadsky|
|History and Geography|
|Timezone||UTC + 3|
|Population||894 (2013) people|
|Nationalities||Chuvash, Russians, Tatars, etc.|
|Official language||Chuvash , Russian|
Once the Civil River flowed near the Shorshel, but gradually, wriggling, went to the villages of Yerdovo and Atlashevo and then returned. A lake with swampy shores formed on the old riverbed of Civil. Hunters and fishermen called this place Shorshu (“Shor” - swamp, “Shu” - water). Most likely this should mean salt water shur su. When several families, led by Baybakh, settled on a hill near the lake, the settlement was also named Shorshu. Gradually, the settlement turned into the village of Baibakhtino (Baibakh Yale), but the name “Shorshu” did not disappear. It was at the beginning of the 16th century. People living in the Shorshu village were called "Shorshuls." Over time, the name of the villagers turned into the name of the village itself - Shorshula, which in the Chuvash way sounded like "Shorshăl", and literary - "Shurshăl". Shorshuls became Shorshels in the 30s of the XX century.
For about two centuries, the village existed under the double name of Baibakhtino and Shorshula.
Various interpretations of the translation “Clean Keys”, “Bright Keys” appeared with the light hand of a local teacher, Danilova E. D., who was instructed to meet a huge flow of tourists in the first days after the first space flight of A. G. Nikolaev. Everyone was interested in the question of what the word Shorshely means. Efrosinia Danilovna did not have time to go into details and gave a beautiful translation. One-day translation took deep roots, turning into the names of establishments and products .
The coat of arms and flag were approved in 2007 by the state heraldmeister G.V. Vilinbakhov . [one]
“In the azure field, a lowered thin wavy golden belt threaded into the ear of a silver figure formed of two keys with a single eye, the keys diverging from the common eye upward obliquely, and accompanied by a silver falcon at the top, holding a golden straight equilateral carving cross in its paws.”
Currently, the presence of keys on the emblem and flag is considered by many to be illogical and erroneous. Even if we accept the incorrect but familiar explanation that the name of the village came from the phrase “Shură çăl”, which means “White Key”, in the sense of a clean or bright key, then the key means the source of water, but not the key to the lock - the word, being a simple homonym.
- In Shorsheli there is a Memorial complex of the USSR pilot-cosmonaut A. G. Nikolaev (a branch of the Chuvash National Museum ), opened on November 2, 2001 . In February 2019, the complex was visited by the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Vladimir Medinsky together with the head of Chuvashia  .
- Next to the museum is an Orthodox tomb chapel at the burial place of pilot-cosmonaut Andriyan Nikolaev , consecrated on June 25, 2005. Its height is 16.5 meters  .
- A bronze bust of the Twice Hero of the Soviet Union A. G. Nikolaev
Socially significant objects
- Shorshelsky House of Folk Art ;
- secondary school ;
- preschool educational institution ;
- medical dispensary ;
- model library ;
- post office .
- Belov, Nikolai Semenovich (1908-1972) - Hero of Socialist Labor.
- Andriyan Grigorievich Nikolaev - Soviet cosmonaut No. 3. Twice Hero of the Soviet Union . Major General Aviation.
- Markov, Akim Markovich
Pedestal at the entrance to the Shorshely
Bronze bust of astronaut A. G. Nikolaev
Five-story houses on the street 30 years of Victory
Square at the Museum of Cosmonautics
Chapel at the burial place of A. G. Nikolaev
The house where A.G. Nikolaev spent his childhood
Shopping center "Shorshely"