Berolina ( Latin Berolina ) is the late Latin equivalent of the name of the city of Berlin . Berolina was also called a female sculpture symbolizing this city. The most famous image of Berolina is a statue that once adorned Berlin's Alexanderplatz square.
Emil Hundrizer came up with the idea of installing a plaster statue of Berolina as a festive decoration of Berlin's Potsdamer Platz on the occasion of the visit of King Umberto of Italy in 1889 . The 7.55-meter-high statue was a woman in a wreath of oak leaves. The prototype for the statue was the daughter of a Berlin shoemaker Anna Zasse, depicted in one of the paintings in the Red Town Hall .
Later, the sculpture of Hundrizer was made in copper and installed on Alexanderplatz. In 1944, it was demolished and allegedly sent for re-melting. In 2000, the Wiedererstellung und Pflege der Berolina eV Support Fund was established to restore the statue of Berolina at Alexanderplatz.
The first Berolina appeared on Berlin Square earlier, in 1871 . Kaiser Wilhelm I ordered the installation of the 11-meter Berolina on the Belle Alliance-Platz square (now Meringplatz) on the occasion of the entry into the city of troops who won the Franco-Prussian war .
The name “Berolina” is carried by many Berlin companies, and in the past, many radio and television programs were broadcast under this name. "Berolina" and now the call sign of the Berlin police radio station. On Alexanderplatz there is also a building bearing the name of Berolina - Berolina House .
- Wikimedia Commons has media related to Berolin
- Official site of the Berolina Support Fund