Nicolas Tomá Boden ( fr. Nicolas Thomas Baudin , February 17, 1754 , Ile de Re - September 16, 1803 , Mauritius Island ) - French traveler, sailor, explorer of Australia , a member of the French expedition to the shores of Australia ( 1800 - 1804 ).
|Nicolas Thomas Baudin|
|Date of Birth||February 17, 1754|
|Place of Birth||Ile de Re ( France )|
|Date of death||September 16, 1803 (49 years old)|
|Place of death||Mauritius|
Came from a merchant family. Having entered the navy, he rose to the rank of captain. He participated in expeditions ordered by Joseph II of Austria : he collected plants and animals for his garden in Schönbrunn in America , Asia , and Africa .
On June 12, 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte instructed him to explore the coasts of New Holland and the Van Diemen Land (today's Tasmania ) for scientific and geopolitical purposes. Boden commanded the flagship Geographer; the second ship, the Naturalist, was led by Captain Emmanuel Gamelin . The expedition was attended by naturalist illustrators Charles-Alexander Lesiuer , Nicolas-Martin Petit , and zoologist Francois-Auguste Peron .
Geopolitical tasks were not solved: the British were ahead of the French (the vessel “Invigator” under the command of Matthew Flinders ), but the expedition managed to collect an outstanding zoological, botanical and ethnographic collection, which later came to the Paris National Museum and the Malmaison Castle, owned by Josephine Bonaparte (collection owned by Josephine, lost).
On September 16, 1803, Nicolas-Thoma Boden died of tuberculosis on the island of Mauritius . The command "Geographer" took Pierre Milus.
Francois Peron , quarreling with Boden, hardly mentions him in his book Voyage de decouvertes aux Terres Australes (1 volume - 1807 , 2 volume posthumously in 1816 ). The magazine of Nicolas Boden was published in 1974 in English translation. In 1988, the Baudin in Australian Waters album dedicated to the expedition was published.
- Svet Ya. M. History of discovery and research of Australia and Oceania. Moscow, 1967.