Georges Maurice Paleologue ( fr. Georges Maurice Paléologue , January 13, 1859 , Paris - November 21, 1944 , Paris ) - French politician, diplomat; From January 1914, he worked as the Ambassador of France to Russia ( St. Petersburg ). As a politician, he often spoke out for anti-German and pro-Russian positions. Writer, lifelong Member of the French Academy in the chair No. 19 from 1928 to 1944.
|Georges Maurice Paleolog|
|Georges Maurice Paléologue|
|Successor||Charles de Chambres|
|Birth||January 13, 1859 |
Paris , France
|Death||November 21, 1944 (85 years old)|
Paris , France
|Father||revolutionary and Romanian subject to Alexander Paleolog, illegitimate son of Elizabeth Vacarescu|
|Education||had a university degree in law|
|Activities||career diplomat, writer|
Georges Maurice Paleologue was born in Paris, where his father, a revolutionary and Romanian citizen Alexander Paleologus, emigrated from the historical region of Wallachia after an unsuccessful assassination attempt on Prince George Bibescu during the 1848 revolution . Alexandru was one of three illegitimate children of Elizabeth Vacarescu from one of the most notable noble families. Later, Zoe, Elizabeth's mother, recognized all three of her daughter's illegitimate sons, her grandchildren, giving them her mother's maiden name. The Romanian surname Paleolog in France was transformed into a Paleolog.
- Since 1880, he worked at the French Foreign Ministry after receiving a university degree in law.
- He consistently served as secretary of the French embassies in Tangier in French Morocco , Beijing and Rome .
- In 1893 - 1907 he worked in the central apparatus of the French Foreign Ministry.
- In 1907 - 1909 he was a diplomatic agent and consul general of France in Bulgaria.
- In 1909 - 1910 - Plenipotentiary Minister of France in Sofia  .
- In 1912 - 1914 he worked in the central apparatus of the French Foreign Ministry, was the director of the political department of the Foreign Ministry.
- From January 1914 to July 1917 he was Ambassador of the Third French Republic in the Russian Empire . He contributed to the involvement of Russia in the First World War , during which, defending the interests of France, he tried to exert pressure on the Russian government with the aim of more active participation of the troops of the Russian Empire in hostilities. He made wide acquaintances in the aristocratic, governmental and public circles of Petrograd.
- On May 3, 1917, the Paleologist left for France and continued to work in the central apparatus of the French Foreign Ministry. In 1917-1918 he played an active role in preparing the French military intervention in Soviet Russia.
- In 1920 - 1921 he was the Secretary General of the French Foreign Ministry. As Ambassador of France and Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on August 10, 1920 in Sevres, he participated in the signing of the Peace Treaty between the main allied powers ( British Empire , France , Italy , Japan ), allied powers ( Armenia , Belgium , Greece , Poland , Portugal , Romania , Serbo-Croatian-Slovenian state , Hijaz , Czechoslovakia ) and Turkey . 
- In 1921, he retired from the French Foreign Ministry.
- In retirement, he continued to successfully engage in active literary activity, which he began back in 1887.
- Paleologist M. Rasputin: memories. / per. Fedor Ge. - M., 1923 .-- 120 s.
- Paleologist M. "Tsarist Russia on the eve of the revolution." Per. with fr. D. Protopopov and F. Ge. Moscow - Petrograd, State Publishing House, 1923 472 p. (Reprint 1991)
- Paleologist M. “Tsarist Russia on the Eve of the Revolution”, Trans. with fr. - 2nd ed. - M.: International Relations, 1991 .-- 336 p. ISBN 5-7133-0389-6
- Paleologist M. “Tsarist Russia during World War II”. Moscow - Petrograd. Gos. Publisher 1923.
- Paleologist M. “Tsarist Russia during the World War” Per. with fr. - 2nd ed. - M.: International Relations, 1991. - 240 p. ISBN 5-7133-0378-0
- “Diary of an Ambassador,” Trans. with fr. F. Ge et al. - M .: Zakharov, 2003. ISBN 5-8159-0288-8
- Le crépuscule des tsars, Journal de Maurice Paléologue lorsqu'il était ambassadeur de France en Russie de 1914 à 1917. Mercure de France, 2007, Introduction de Nicolas Mietton.
- L'Art chinois (1887)
- Vauvenargues (1890)
- Alfred de Vigny (1891)
- Profils de femmes (1895)
- Le Cilice (1901)
- Rome, notes d'histoire et d'art (1902)
- La Cravache (1904)
- Le Point d'honneur (1907)
- Dante, essai sur son caractère et son génie (1909)
- La Russie des tsars pendant la Grande Guerre (1921-23)
- Le Roman tragique de l'empereur Alexandre II (1923)
- Les Entretiens de l'impératrice Eugénie (1928)
- Alexandra Feodorowna, impératrice de Russie (1932)
- Un prélude à l'invasion de la Belgique. Le Plan Schlieffen, 1904 (1932)
- Guillaume II et Nicolas II (1935)
- Alexandre Ier, un tsar énigmatique (1937)
- Les Précurseurs de Lénine (1938)
- Élisabeth, impératrice d'Autriche. L'hérédité sinistre des Wittelsbach (1939)
- L'Écroulement du tsarisme (1939)
- Aux portes du jugement dernier. Élisabeth-Féodorowna, grande-duchesse de Russie (1940)
- Au quai d'Orsay à la veille de la tourmente. Journal, 1913-1914 (1947)
- Journal de l'affaire Dreyfus, 1894-1899, l'affaire Dreyfus et le Quai d'Orsay (1955)
Honors and Awards
- After two unsuccessful attempts in 1923 and 1924, Georges Maurice Paleologue was elected in 1928 as a lifetime member of the French Academy . From 1928 until his death in 1944, he occupied the chair No. 19, in which Charles Jonard was his predecessor, and Charles de Chambren was the successor
- Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor
- Order of St. Alexander Nevsky (Russian Empire, July 8 (21), 1914) 
Selected Quotes from the Paleologist
- About the death of Grigory Rasputin  :
|The empress and her sinister friend in tears in front of the swollen body of a depraved peasant whom they so madly loved and whom Russia will curse forever - how many dramaturgy stories have created more pathetic episodes?|
- For the dynasty of Byzantine emperors, see Paleologists
- Ferro Marc. The Russian Revolution of February 1917. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1972. P. 213-214.
- Neagu Djuvara, Între Orient şi Occident. Ţările române la începutul epocii moderne , Humanitas publishing house, Bucharest, 1995. P. 131-132
- Diplomatically representatives to France in Bulgaria (inaccessible link)
- PEACE TREATY BETWEEN THE ALLIANCE AND TURKEY, SIGNED IN SEPTEMBER 10, AUGUST 1920 G. Georges Maurice Paleolog, Ambassador of France, Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- A visit to St. Petersburg by President Poincare // Russian disabled person: newspaper. - 1914. - July 9 ( No. 148 ). - S. 2 .
- terrible end of Rasputin
- Biologist of the Paleologist from the Biographical Dictionary “Political Figures of Russia. 1917 ”by K. A. Zalessky on the Chronos website.
- Biologist of the Paleologist from the Biographical Dictionary “Political Figures of Russia. 1917 ”by K. A. Zalessky at Crossword Cafe website
- Paleologue biography on the website of the French Academy (French)
- "Alphabetical Index" of the names of the era of Nicholas II On the site the Heir Tsesarevich
- Romantisme et diplomatie : two articles by the Paleologist in French about Talleyrand and Metternich .