“Try Fronts” ( lit. “Trečias frontas” ; “Third Front”) is a Lithuanian literary magazine of the left political orientation, published in Kaunas in 1930-1931 .
The initiator of the magazine and the ideologist of the activism program (in this case, understood as the artist’s active participation in public life), Kazis Boruta , who lived in political exile. The editorial staff Antanas Venclova , Kostas Korsakas , Jonas Šimkus , Bronis Reila , Petras Zvirka composed the core of the editorial office. Later Salome Neris and Valis Drazdauskas joined him . Collaborating in the journal Antanas Bilyunas , Butku Juze , Petras Churlis , Pranas Morkūnas , Algirdas Margheris , Antanas Tulis .
Young literary writers of the left and anti-fascist views grouped around the magazine with a socialist sentiment formed a literary group of third-frontants . They considered themselves to be representatives of the third generation of writers, replacing the Lithuanian symbolists and the “ four-winds ”, criticized the official ideology, clericalism, stagnation in Lithuanian literary life.
At the beginning, the magazine promoted activism and the new creative method neorealism (in this case, a synthesis of realism , expressionism and futurism ). In the program texts, the figure of a village guy is put forth - “a barbarous, but beautiful, rebellious powerful soul”, going to “conquer land, law and freedom”. This antipode of philistinism later filled with class content. Costas Korsakas played a major role in changing the focus of the journal and creative attitudes of the Third Front , who in a simplified form asserted the idea of the class character of literature and the need to serve the most advanced class — the proletariat . Radical ideologization, orientation to Marxist ideology and proletarian literature, the transition to political agitation and realistic writing style have replaced the spontaneous rebelliousness and avant-garde experiments.
A significant place in the journal was occupied by translations from foreign languages and information about foreign literary life, reflecting the search for third - front - ranked like-minded people in other countries. After the 5th issue, the magazine was banned by censorship , and its release was discontinued.
- History of Lithuanian literature. Vilnius: Vaga, 1977. pp. 290-292.