Kaa-Khem kozhuun ( Tuv. Kaa-Hem kozhuun ) is an administrative-territorial unit and municipality ( municipal district ) within the Republic of Tuva of the Russian Federation .
|Kaa Khem Kozuun|
|Tuv. Kaa-hem kozhuun|
|Included in||Republic of Tuva|
|Adm. Centre||Saryg-Sep village|
|History and Geography|
|Date of formation||August 7, 1945|
|Square||2572.6  km² (2nd place )|
|Timezone||MSK + 4 ( UTC + 7 )|
|Population||↗ 11 936  people ( 2018 ) (3.68%, 5th place )|
|Density||5.59 people / km²|
|Nationalities||Tuvans - 58.93% (2002)|
Russians - 38.68% (2002)
The administrative center is the village of Saryg-Sep .
Administrative center with. Saryg Sep. Date of formation - date of formation of Salchak kozhuun - 09/20/1923;
August 7, 1945 - the date of formation of the Kaa-Khem district.
Administratively, in the 18th century Tuva was divided into 4 khoshuns (kozhuuna). Hoshuns and sumons were called, as a rule, by the name of the most significant tribal groups (Salchak, Oyunarsky, etc.) included in their composition and only in certain cases the titles of their original rulers (Beishe-koshun)  .
The Kaa-Khem kozhuun was called Salchak, and it was ruled by Zaysan Erinchin. The nomads of the Salchak khoshun were on the northern side of the Tanu-Ols, along the rivers Buren, Erzhey, Shivei, Ulug-Shivei, Erzin, Kyzyl-Suglug, Bayan-gol, partly on the right bank of the Kaa-Khem along Buren-Khem, Bazin-oglu, Mergen and in the area of Lake Tere-Khol. Khoshun was divided into 4 sumon: Salchak, Baykara, Kyrgyz, Hol. In addition to these tribal names, the individual groups of the Hoshun population called themselves names: salchak, oolet, Irgit, Soyan, huyuk (hoyak), Balykchy, Hertek, Kyrgyz, Mungat, Khersit, Bayaut.
In August 1921 in the town of Sug-Bazhi (v. Kochetovo), the All-Tuvan Constituent Hural was held. At the Constituent Hural, independence of the TPR and the adoption of the constitution were proclaimed, and the issue of administrative division of Tuva was also resolved. 7 khoshuns were legalized: Oyunarsky, Daa-khoshun, Beise-khoshun, Maadi, Salchak, etc.
The new administrative division of Tuva, established on the I Great Khural of the TNR, which took place on September 20, 1923. in the city of Kyzyl. The destruction of the old division of the region on the basis of feudal allotments took place. Instead of existing since 1921. 7 khoshuns were formed - 6 (Khemchiksky, Ulug-Khemsky, Tes-Khemsky, Salchak, etc.). With the exception of Salchak, all other khoshuns were given names according to territorial and geographical features.
At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, many Russian immigrants who arrived in Tuva begin to develop land along the Kaa-Khem River. “Kaa-Khem” in Tuvan means: “Little River”, “Small Yenisei”. Perhaps that is why, among the Russian settlers and in the documents of the Russian self-governing labor colony in Tuva, the Kaa-Khemsky kozhuun was called the Little Yenisei.
In kozhuun there were over a dozen Russian villages and settlements:
- Znamenka (now with. Saryg-Sep).
Znamenka was one of the largest villages in Tuva. There were less than a dozen of them: Barun-Khemchik, Kaa-Khem and others.
The area of leather is 25700 km² (the second largest leather of the republic).
The distance from Kyzyl to with. Saryg-Sep:
- by land - 89 km.
- by air - 80 km.
- water - 106 km.
The main river is the Small Yenisei (Kaa-Khem). Largest tributaries: Buren , Derzig .
Kozhuun is located in the east of Tuva and borders:
- in the south with Erzinsky and Tere-Kholsky leathers,
- in the north - with the Tojinsky , Piy-Khemsky leathers,
- in the northwest - with the Kyzyl kozhuun ,
- in the east - with Buryatia and Mongolia .
Kaa-Khemsky kozhuun is equated to areas of the Far North .
Administratively, the skin is divided into 7 sumonas.
Virtually all settlements are located in the Kaa-Khem valleys: Sug-Bazhi - formerly Soviet Tuva, Buren-Khem - Zubovka, Kundustug - Fedorovka, Koptu-Aksy - Boyarovka, Kok-Haak - Medvedevka, Saryg-Sep , Derzig-Aksy - Danilovka, Buren-Aksy - Gryaznukha, Sizim, Erzhey, resort Ush-Beldir and Buren : Avygan, Buren-Bai-Haak, Ilyinka.
|1990 ||2000 ||2002 ||2004 ||2005 ||2006 ||2007 |
|15 001||↘ 13 527||↘ 13 071||↘ 12 857||↘ 12 642||↘ 12 588||↗ 12 678|
|2008 ||2009 ||2010 ||2011 ||2012 ||2013 ||2014 |
|↗ 12 720||↗ 12 738||↘ 12 279||↗ 12 286||↘ 12 157||↗ 12 179||↘ 12 154|
|2015 ||2016 ||2017 ||2018 |
|↘ 12 048||↘ 11 949||↘ 11 902||↗ 11 936|
- National composition
For 2009, the vast majority are Tuvans .
In the Kaa-Khemsky kozhuun 11 sumon (rural settlements):
|one||Boyarovsky||Boyarovka village||one||↗ 632 ||455.82 |
|2||Buren-Bai-Haak||Buren-Bai-Haak village||2||↘ 1186 ||422.06 |
|3||Buren-Khemsky||Buren-Khem village||one||↗ 1038 ||440.13 |
|four||Derzig-Aksy||village of Derzig-Aksy||one||↗ 1020 ||101.01 |
|five||Ilyinsky||village Ilyinka||one||↗ 813 ||597.10 |
|6||Kok Haak||Kok-Haak village||one||↘ 399 ||455.82 |
|7||Kundustugsky||Kundus-Tug village||2||↗ 628 ||422.89 |
|eight||Saryg-Sepsky||Saryg-Sep village||2||↘ 4139 ||144.62 |
|9||Sisimsky||Sizim village||four||↗ 816 ||241.50 |
|ten||Sug-Bazhinsky||Sug-Bazhi village||one||↘ 748 ||641.07 |
|eleven||Ust-Burensky||the village of Ust-Buren||one||↗ 517 ||430.89 |
There are 17 settlements in the Kaa-Khemsky kozhuun
|List of settlements of the district|
|one||Avyigan||village||↘ 427  (2010)||Buren-Bai-Haak|
|2||Bai Soot||arbane||↘ 0  (2010)||Kundustugsky|
|3||Boyarovka||village||↗ 632  (2018)||Boyarovsky|
|four||Buren Bai Haak||village||↘ 792  (2010)||Buren-Bai-Haak|
|five||Buren Hem||village||↗ 1038  (2018)||Buren-Khemsky|
|6||Derzig-Aksy||village||↗ 1020  (2018)||Derzig-Aksy|
|7||Ilyinka||village||↗ 813  (2018)||Ilyinsky|
|eight||Katazy||arbane||58  (2010)||Sisimsky|
|9||Kok Haak||village||↘ 399  (2018)||Kok Haak|
|ten||Kundus-Tug||village||↘ 649  (2010)||Kundustugsky|
|eleven||Mergen||village||↘ 64  (2010)||Saryg-Sepsky|
|12||Saryg Sep||village||↘ 4417  (2010)||Saryg-Sepsky|
|13||Sizim||village||↘ 345  (2010)||Sisimsky|
|14||Sug Baj||village||↘ 748  (2018)||Sug-Bazhinsky|
|15||Ust-Already||arbane||↗ 168  (2010)||Sisimsky|
|sixteen||Ust-Buren||village||↗ 517  (2018)||Ust-Burensky|
|17||Erzhey||arbane||↗ 232  (2010)||Sisimsky|
Two roads connect the rest of the republic with Kozhuun: one “ Saryg-Sep - Kyzyl ”, which has a bridge across the Kaa-Khem , the second “ Saryg-Sep - Balgazyn ”, which includes a ferry crossing in the village of Derzig-Aksy and is inaccessible in the autumn-spring period. On the territory of kozhuun, the road begins in Toju to Toor-Khem , which is now under construction.
Kozhuun is one of the most popular tourist areas of the republic. The Small Yenisei with its tributary Balyktig-Khem attracts with its rapids. In the middle reaches of the Small Yenisei , upstream from Saryg-Sep , there are settlements of the Old Believers Erzhey, Alpine, Unzhey, Shivei and smaller ones. The largest is Erzhey. Here the Old Believers practically did not change their way of life, but they closely communicate with the outside world. Upstream there are more closed smaller settlements. Some of them are monasteries .
The largest Old Believer settlement is Sizim. It is also the center (a kind of transshipment point), from where you can get to other settlements and towns.
- Republic of Tuva. The total land area of the municipality
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2018 . Date of treatment July 25, 2018. Archived July 26, 2018.
- History on the site of the Kaa-Khem district .
- Population of the Republic of Tuva . Date of treatment April 29, 2014. Archived April 29, 2014.
- 2002 All-Russian Population Census. Tom. 1, table 4. The population of Russia, federal districts, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, regions, urban settlements, rural settlements - district centers and rural settlements with a population of 3 thousand or more . Archived February 3, 2012.
- Population by skin and years Kyzyl and Ak-Dovurak
- Population by skin and years. Kyzyl and Ak-Dovurak
- The number of permanent population of the Russian Federation by cities, urban-type settlements and regions as of January 1, 2009 . Date of treatment January 2, 2014. Archived January 2, 2014.
- All-Russian Census of 2010. 1.5. The population of urban districts, municipalities, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements . Date of treatment December 31, 2018.
- Republic of Tuva. The total population by gender and age on January 1 of the current year. 2008-2015
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities. Table 35. Estimated resident population as of January 1, 2012 . Date of treatment May 31, 2014. Archived May 31, 2014.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2013. - M.: Federal State Statistics Service of Rosstat, 2013. - 528 p. (Table 33. The population of urban districts, municipalities, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements) . Date of treatment November 16, 2013. Archived November 16, 2013.
- Table 33. The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2014 . Date of treatment August 2, 2014. Archived on August 2, 2014.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2015 . Date of treatment August 6, 2015. Archived on August 6, 2015.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2016
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2017 (July 31, 2017). Date of treatment July 31, 2017. Archived July 31, 2017.