Sydney James Webb (Webb) , Baron Passfield School of Economics and Political Science . Lord (since 1929) Sydney Webb - Professor of the institution he founded, served as Minister of Commerce, Dominions and Colonies.
|Webb, Sydney James|
|Sidney james webb|
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- 1 Biography
- 2 Works
- 3 References
- 4 notes
Born in the family of an employee. A lawyer by training, he studied at Birkbeck (University of London) and Kings College . Since 1875 he worked in the military, financial, colonial ministries.
In 1884, he was one of the first to join the Fabian Society (he and Bernard Shaw were admitted three months after the founding of the society) and soon became one of its leaders. In 1891 he left the service to study economics and devote himself entirely to social activities. In 1892-1910 he was a member of the council of the County of London.
In 1892 he married Beatrice Potter , who became his associate and co-author.
In 1896 he participated in the creation of the London School of Economics and Political Science, and lectured in law. In 1897 he was among the founders of the Department of Economics at the University of London , where he taught courses in administrative law, local government and the labor movement. Since 1903 he has repeatedly participated in royal and government economic surveys.
Since 1910, an active member of the Labor Party . Webb is the author of the original text of section IV of the party program, socialist in spirit (proclaiming public ownership of the means of production as the goal). In 1913, he founded the center-left magazine New Statesman with his wife. In 1922-1929 he was a deputy of the House of Commons .
In 1924, Minister of Commerce in the first cabinet of James Ramsey MacDonald , in 1929-1931 Minister of Dominions and Colonies in the second. In 1929 received the title of Baron Passfield. As minister (secretary) in charge of the colonial territories, he published Passfield White Paper , which called into question the principles of the Balfour Declaration and Churchill White Paper . In 1930, due to health problems, he left the post of Secretary for Dominion Affairs, but retained the post of Minister of the Colonies.
In 1932, Sydney and Beatrice Webb visited the USSR and in 1935 published the work “Soviet Communism - A New Civilization?” (Vols. 1-2, 1935; Russian translation, vols. 1-2, 1937), approved and soon published in THE USSR. During World War II, Sydney published the book The Truth About Soviet Russia (1942), in which he noted the heroism of his Soviet allies in the anti-Hitler coalition in the fight against Nazi Germany.
Spouses Webba left a great literary heritage, many articles and a number of works. Among them are the fundamental History of Trade Unionism (1894, revised in 1920) on the development of the trade union movement in Great Britain and Industrial Democracy (1897), the first volume of which was translated into Russian, and the translation of the second was edited by V. I. Lenin the new title "Theory and Practice of English Trade Unionism", t. 1-2, 1900-01). The work of Sydney and Beatrice Webb influenced many theorists of social reformism .
- Webb, Sydney // Encyclopedic Dictionary Pomegranate : In 58 volumes. - M. , 1910-1948.
- Webb, Webb (Webb) Sydney and Beatrice // Economic Encyclopedia. Political Economy. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1972. - T. 1. - S. 224-225.
- Sydney Webb, Beatrice Webb