Christophe Louis Leon Giusho de Lamoricier ( Fr. Christophe Louis Léon Juchault de Lamoricière ) or simply Lamorisier ( Fr. de la Moricière ), sometimes Louis de Lamorisiere ; September 5, 1806 , Nantes - September 11, 1865 , ( Prouzel )) - Breton; French divisional general (1843) and politician ; Minister of War (1848), Ambassador Extraordinary to Russia (1849).
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- 1 Biography
- 2 notes
- 3 Literature
- 4 References
Christophe Louis Leon Giusho de Lamorissiere was born on September 5, 1806 in the city of Nantes.
In Algeria and Morocco distinguished himself in a long series of battles and expeditions; in 1847, Abd al-Qadir was captured, after which the conquest of Algeria was completed. In 1845, he was temporarily governor-general of this country.
In 1846 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. On the morning of February 24, 1848, on the day of the revolution , Thiers , whom the king finally agreed to be minister, demanded that the popular Lamorisier be appointed chief of the National Guard . The king succumbed to this demand, but only when it was too late.
The division of military power between Gerard and Lamorisier made her powerless. Lamorisier refused to shoot at the people, which to some extent contributed to the success of the uprising. During the June uprising, Lamorisier assisted Cavaignac in his pacification, after which he became Minister of War, then was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary in St. Petersburg , and later - Vice President of the Legislative Assembly.
On the night before the coup of 1851, he was arrested and deported abroad. In 1860, his friend Merod, the Minister of War of the Vatican government , persuaded him to take command of the papal army , which surprised many who knew about the Republican convictions of Lamorisier. At the Battle of Castelfidardo  (September 18, 1860), the Lamorisier was defeated by Piedmontese troops under the command of General Cialdini and fled to Ancona, where he was captured with the garrison. He spent the last years of his life in France .
Christophe Louis Leon Giusho de Lamorissiere died on September 11, 1865 in Pruzel.
- Castelfidardo // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.
- Pougeois, "Le général de Lamoricière" ( Paris , 1866).
- Keller , "Le général de Lamoricière, sa vie militaire, politique et religieuse" (Paris, 1873, 3rd ed., 1891).
- Vodovozov V.V. Lamorissier, Christopher // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Louis-Christophe-Leon Juchault de la Moricière // Catholic Encyclopedia.