Ivan Timofeevich Fioletov , party nickname - Vanechka ( 1884 , p. Tugolukovo  - September 20, 1918, between the stations Pereval and Akhcha-Kuyma of the Trans - Caspian Railway ) - revolutionary leader, Commissioner for National Economy of the Baku Council of People's Commissars .
|Ivan Timofeevich Violetov|
|Date of Birth||1884|
|Place of Birth||Tugolukovo village, Borisoglebsky district , Tambov province|
|Date of death||September 20, 1918|
|Place of death||between the stations Pass and Ahcha-Kuyma, now Turkmenistan|
|The consignment||RSDLP (b)|
Born into a landless peasant family. He did not remember his father; he was brought up by his stepfather. In the 1890s, the family moved to Baku . He graduated from elementary school, from the age of 12 he began to work. Metalworker in Baku, in the mechanical workshops of the Nobel brothers . Member of the RSDLP since 1900, RSDLP (b) - since 1903. In 1903, Violetov was sent to prison for participating in the July strike at the Balakhani oil fields. In 1904, he was a member of the Baku Committee of the RSDLP, a member of the strike committee of the Baku Oil Fields, and participated in the Baku workers' strike . Moves to an underground position, with someone else's passport moves to Grozny , organizes workers' circles. At the end of 1904 he was arrested, for the production of anti-government leaflets he ends up in an investigative prison, where he organizes a movement among prisoners for improving their detention, declares a “dry” hunger strike. After recovery, he was transferred to the Vladikavkaz prison, from where he was released during the events of 1905. During the Revolution of 1905-1907, one of the organizers of the oil workers union in Grozny and Baku.
In 1908 he was arrested, imprisoned for 8 months, then sent to exile in Solvychegodsk . For family reasons, he was transferred from Solvychegodsk to Yarensk , where he was chairman of the exile colony. During the exile, prepares for passing the exams for the matriculation certificate. Since 1911, having returned from exile, he conducted party work in Baku, then in Tashkent , working at a power plant, he presented the administration with demands to improve the life of employees and was fired. Not finding a job for a long time, he moved to Cheleken , where he got a job as a driver for oil fields . He was under the supervision of the police , gave a written undertaking not to leave Cheleken. In 1914 he moved to Baku and continued his revolutionary activities there together with Alyosha Dzhaparidze .
After the February Revolution of 1917, Violetov became a member of the Executive Committee of the Baku Council, and in May 1917, he became chairman of the Union of Oil Industrial Workers. Since October 1917, a member of the Caucasus Regional Committee of the RSDLP (b). Since April 1918, the Commissar for National Economy of the Baku Council of People's Commissars (carried out the nationalization of the oil industry, established the supply of oil to Soviet Russia).
He was shot on September 20, 1918, among 26 Baku commissars . In 1920, 26 commissioners were buried in the mass grave in Baku, a memorial was subsequently erected over the grave. Violetova portrayed one of 4 busts over the grave. In 2009, the memorial was demolished, on January 26, 2009 the remains of the commissars were reburied at the Hovsan cemetery at 40 ° 25 ′ s. w. 50 ° 00 ′ in Village Surakhansky district of Baku.
The name Violetova bears the Russian Molokan village in Armenia and the streets in Astrakhan (Skarzhinskaya until 1920), Bishkek , Volgograd , Grozny , Donetsk , Zherdevka , Mozdok , Novoulyanovsk , Rybinsk , Taganrog , Tambov , Tula and Yarensk , ul. Fioletova in Baku renamed to st. Abdulkerima Alizade . In 1968, the sea minesweeper of project 254 Ivan Violetov, which was part of the Caspian Navy of the USSR Navy until 1990, was named in honor of Violetov.
- Nowadays - in the Zherdevsky district of the Tambov region .
- Violet Ivan Ivan Timofeevich - an article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia .
- Gregory Metelsky . Until the last breath: The Tale of Ivan Fioletov . - M .: Politizdat, 1984. - 350 p. - ( Fiery revolutionaries ).
- “Baku Worker”, No. 211 of September 20, 1922
- P.A. Azizbekova . Ivan Fioletov: biographical sketch. - Baku: Azerbaijan state. Publishing House, 1984. - 211 p.