Zheshart ( Komi Zӧvsӧrt ) is an urban-type settlement in the Ust-Vymsky region of the Komi Republic of Russia . The administrative center of the city settlement "Zheshart" .
|Subject of the federation||Komi Republic|
|History and Geography|
|First mention||1586 year|
|Timezone||UTC + 3|
|Population||↘ 7500  people ( 2017 )|
|Official language||Komi , Russian|
|Telephone code||+7 82134|
|Postal codes||169044, 169045|
The population is 9271 people ( 2010 ).
The village is located on the right bank of the Vychegda River (the Northern Dvina basin ), 80 km north-west of Syktyvkar .
Railway communication with the village is carried out through the Mezhog station, located on the Kotlas - Mikun line . Through the village passes the road Yarensk - Syktyvkar .
Zheshart is located on the right bank of the Vychegda River. Bronze objects of the VI — IX centuries were found on the territory of the village. The village was first mentioned in 1586 : "Zheshart graveyard on the Vychegda River." It was a large settlement at that time, in which there were two churches - the “Church of Elijah the Prophet” and the warm church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. There were four courtyards of clergymen and 40 peasant households, 11 households were empty - their inhabitants died or left Zheshart. The cause of death or death was crop failure and the plague. In the census book of 1646 there are surnames - Vikhlyaev, Danilov, Bozov, Yachmenev, Pozdeev, Popov - one of the most common in the village today. In 1678, there were 57 courtyards in Zheshart, one church is mentioned, the other, apparently, burned down. Centuries passed, the population grew, and at the end of the 19th century there were 920 inhabitants - 131 yards. This village was the largest in Lower Vychegda. In 1794-1807, the stone Spasskaya Church was built here. In 1877, a school from Mezhega was transferred to Zheshart.
In 1918, 1706 people lived in Zheshart (759 men, 947 women). In 1926 there were 397 courtyards, 1,525 inhabitants. In 1930, a feldsher-midwife station, a school, a reading room, a steamboat parking, a consumer society, a credit partnership, the State Trade Agency, a peasant committee for public assistance, and a police station were already located in the village. During the Great Patriotic War, the construction of the Zheshart plywood factory began.
The status of an urban-type settlement has been since 1961 .
|1970 ||1979 ||1989 ||2002 ||2009 ||2010 ||2012 |
|8668||↗ 11 079||↗ 12 674||↘ 10 029||↘ 9400||↘ 8561||↘ 8235|
|2013 ||2014 ||2015 ||2016 ||2017 |
|↘ 8009||↘ 7858||↘ 7722||↘ 7613||↘ 7500|
In the village of Zheshart, two monuments dedicated to the Great Patriotic War were erected, as well as a monument to Yuri Gagarin . However, the biggest attraction of the village is the nature around it. The forest is rich in mushrooms and berries, the Vychegda River abounds with fish. Three churches were erected in the village: in honor of the prophet Elijah, the prophet John the Baptist and a temple in honor of the great martyr George the Victorious with a chapel  .
- CJSC "ZhFK"
- Zheshart bakery
- Popov, Serafim Alekseevich (1912-2003) - Komi poet
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2017 (July 31, 2017). Date of treatment July 31, 2017. Archived July 31, 2017.
- 1970 All-Union Population Census. The number of urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by gender. . Demoscope Weekly. Date of treatment September 25, 2013. Archived on April 28, 2013.
- 1979 All-Union Population Census. The number of urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by gender. . Demoscope Weekly. Date of treatment September 25, 2013. Archived on April 28, 2013.
- 1989 All-Union Population Census. The urban population . Archived on August 22, 2011.
- 2002 All-Russian Population Census. Tom. 1, table 4. The population of Russia, federal districts, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, regions, urban settlements, rural settlements - district centers and rural settlements with a population of 3 thousand or more . Archived February 3, 2012.
- The number of permanent population of the Russian Federation by cities, urban-type settlements and districts as of January 1, 2009 . Date of treatment January 2, 2014. Archived January 2, 2014.
- 2010 All-Russian Population Census. The population of urban districts, municipalities, settlements and settlements . Date of treatment December 29, 2014. Archived December 29, 2014.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities. Table 35. Estimated resident population as of January 1, 2012 . Date of treatment May 31, 2014. Archived May 31, 2014.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2013. - M.: Federal State Statistics Service of Rosstat, 2013. - 528 p. (Table 33. The population of urban districts, municipalities, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements) . Date of treatment November 16, 2013. Archived November 16, 2013.
- Population Estimation by Urban Districts, Municipal Districts, Settlements, and Urban Settlements of the Komi Republic as of January 1, 2014 . Date of treatment March 22, 2014. Archived March 22, 2014.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2015 . Date of treatment August 6, 2015. Archived on August 6, 2015.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2016
- Ust-Vymsky church district
- Zheshart // Big Soviet Encyclopedia : [in 30 vol.] / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov . - 3rd ed. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978.