Nikolai Vasilyevich Dekhterev (1775-1831), Russian commander of the Napoleonic Wars , major general of the Russian Imperial Army .
|Nikolay Vasilyevich Dekhterev|
Portrait of Nikolai Vasilyevich Dekhterev
workshop  of George Dow . Military Gallery of the Winter Palace , State Hermitage Museum ( St. Petersburg )
|Date of Birth|
|Date of death|
|Place of death||with. Red Vyazemsky district of Smolensk province|
|Years of service||1792 - 1816|
|Commanded||St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment (1801–03)|
|Battles / wars|
|Awards and prizes|
Nikolai Dekhterev lasted in 1775; came from a noble family.
At the age of nine he was recorded in the Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment as a fourier . On January 1, 1792, Dekhterev was released into the Pskov Dragoon Regiment with the rank of captain .
He took part in the Russian-Swedish war (1790) and the Polish events of 1794 , where he was promoted to major for service.
He fought with the French during the Swiss campaign of Alexander Suvorov and in subsequent coalition wars. November 25, 1800 received the shoulder straps of the colonel.
Commanding the St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment, he distinguished himself in the battle of Preisisch-Eylau and was awarded April 26, 1807 with the Order of St. George 3rd Class No. 162
|In retribution of the excellent courage and courage shown in the battle against the French troops on January 27 at Preisisch-Eylau.|
October 18, 1808 became the chief of the Olviopol Hussar Regiment .
After that, he fought in the Russian-Turkish war until 1812.
In 1809 - 1812 he successfully fought with the Turks, for the assault on Bazardzhik received the rank of Major General on June 14, 1810 . He was seriously wounded by a bullet in the chest under Shumla .
During the beginning of the Napoleonic army’s invasion of Russia , the Olviopol Hussar Regiment, whose chief was Dekhterev, was listed in the 23rd Brigade of the 7th Cavalry Division and was in the reserve of the Danube Army . With this regiment, he made a significant contribution to the expulsion of the enemy from the borders of the Russian Empire.
After the flight of Napoleon , Dekhterev took part in the war of the sixth anti-Napoleonic coalition .
January 16, 1816 received an honorable resignation.
Nikolai Vasilyevich Dekhterev died on September 5, 1831 and was buried in the village of Krasnoye, Vyazemsky district, Smolensk province .
- State Hermitage Museum. Western European painting. Catalog / Ed. V. F. Levinson-Lessing; ed. A. E. Krol , K. M. Semenova. - 2nd edition, revised and supplemented. - L .: Art, 1981. - T. 2. - P. 257, cat. No 7952. - 360 p.
- Dekhterev, Nikolai Vasilievich // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.
- Dekhterev, Nikolai Vasilievich
- Dictionary of Russian generals, participants in the hostilities against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1812-1815. // Russian archive. The history of the Fatherland in the evidence and documents of the XVIII — XX centuries. : Collection. - M .: TRITE studio N. Mikhalkova , 1996. - T. VII . - S. 380-381 . - ISSN 0869-20011 . (Comm. A. A. Podmazo )