European Neighborhood Policy; The ENP (formerly European Neighborhood Policy; ENP ) (formerly the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument - ENPI) represents the European Union ’s approach to neighboring countries to strengthen relations between the European Union and its neighboring countries and to create a security and welfare zone, rings of friendly countries "on the borders of the European Union. The ENP is also designed to provide the EU neighboring countries with the opportunity for closer cooperation with the EU in the areas of politics, security, economy and culture.
In January 2009, the European Commission launched the ENPI Information and Communication Support Project - the ENPI Info Center - to talk about EU relations with neighbors and partners in the east and partner countries in the Mediterranean.
Objectives of the European Neighborhood Policy
The main goal of the ENP is to strengthen stability, security and improve the welfare of all interested countries. The European Union’s Security Strategy, approved by the European Council in December 2003, also speaks about strengthening stability and good governance in EU-neighboring countries.
The European Neighborhood Policy does not offer the partner countries the prospect of joining the European Union, but offers privileged relations with the EU and facilitates achievement of goals in various areas of cooperation.
The historical expansion of the European Union was for him a big step towards strengthening security and increasing prosperity on the European continent, but also means changing the external borders of the Union. These circumstances not only opened up new opportunities, but also set new challenges. European Neighborhood Policy is the answer to this new situation.
In March 2003, the Commission presented its Communication “Greater Europe - Neighbors: A New Framework for Relations with the EU Eastern and Southern Neighbors”, which for the first time presented the principles of the new European Neighborhood Policy and noted the importance of the EU in strengthening relations with neighboring countries. According to this Report, the Commission proposes the creation of a European Neighborhood Instrument to assist third countries, including countries currently covered by the Tacis and MEDA programs. This idea was further developed in the Communication prepared in July 2003, “Towards a New Neighborhood Instrument”.
In October 2003, the European Council welcomed the progress made in the implementation of this initiative and encouraged the Council and the Commission to continue this work in order to ensure an integrated, balanced and proportionate approach, including the creation of a financial instrument.
In May 2004, the European Commission presented the “European Neighborhood Policy. Country Strategy and Reports ”, which sets out clear steps for the implementation of the European Neighborhood Policy and methods for spreading the benefits of EU enlargement to neighboring countries.
These priorities are supposed to be included in a jointly agreed Action Plan, which is a key policy document in strengthening relations between the EU and partner countries.
Action plans will be based on mutual commitment to common values, mainly in the areas of the rule of law, good governance, respect for human rights, including the rights of minorities, the development of good neighborly relations and the principles of a market economy and sustainable development. It is also assumed that partner countries will undertake obligations in relation to some of the most important aspects of EU external activities, including, in particular, the fight against terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as compliance with international law and conflict resolution efforts.
Countries covered by the European Neighborhood Policy
The ENP is addressed to the current neighbors of the EU, as well as those who have become closer to the EU as a result of enlargement.
In Eastern Europe: Ukraine , Belarus, and Moldova .
In the South Caucasus, Armenia , Azerbaijan and Georgia .
In the Mediterranean region: Algeria , Egypt , Israel , Jordan , Lebanon , Libya , Morocco , Syria , Tunisia , as well as the Palestinian Authority .
The EU and Russia decided to further develop their strategic partnership by creating four common spaces in accordance with the decisions taken at the St. Petersburg Summit in 2003 . Russia and the EU are implementing five programs for cross-border cooperation for 2007–2013. Kolarctic  , Karelia  , Southeastern Finland-Russia, Estonia-Latvia-Russia, Lithuania-Poland-Russia. In 2009, agreements were signed on the implementation and financing of these programs  . The Russian side allocated EUR 103.7 million to implement the programs.
In 2014, the parties began to develop new programs for 2014–2020. Kolarctic, Karelia, South-Eastern Finland-Russia, Russia-Estonia, Russia-Latvia, Russia-Lithuania and Russia-Poland.
- Eastern Partnership
- Northern Dimension
- Mediterranean Union