Iгdır  ( Tour. Iğdır ) is a city and district in Eastern Turkey, the administrative center and the largest city of Idır .
|History and geography|
|Center height||850 m|
|Timezone||UTC + 2 , in the summer UTC + 3|
|Population||119 432 people|
I dır Merkesi District
in silt Igydr
A city in historical Armenia, in the province of Ayrarat , the former name of Surb Marie  . In the Middle Ages it was known as Zolakert 
After the Russian-Persian war, the city became part of the Russian Empire , and from 1828 to 1917 it was a county town. It consisted mainly of Armenians, which numbered 2,900 people in the city   . Surmaly County Erivan province . In 1917-1920 - as part of the Republic of Armenia  .
In 1920, during the Turkish-Armenian war, Igdir was occupied by Turkish troops, and the Armenians, who made up the majority of the population of the city  , were killed or expelled  .
Under the Treaty of Kars, Igdir became part of Turkey.
In 1897, 4,680 people lived in Igdir, of which 3,934 (84%) were Armenians , 559 (11.9%) were Russians, 82 (1.7%) were Azerbaijani Tatar , 72 (1.5%) were Kurds and others.- The first general census of the population of the Russian Empire 
For 2011, Igdir has a mixed population of Azerbaijanis , Turks and Kurds  .
Genocide Monument and Museum
In Igdir, a monument was installed in memory of the Turks , who, according to Turkish data, were killed by Armenians during the First World War .
Famous natives of the IЫdır District
- Agaronyan, Avetis Arakelovich ( 1866 - 1948 ) - Head of the Republic of Armenia .
- Akopyan, Harutyun Amayakovich ( 1918 - 2005 ) - entertainer, magician, People's Artist of the USSR.
- Isabekyan, Eduard Amayakovich ( 1914 - 2007 ) - People's Artist of Armenia .
- Kamalyan, Garnik Arshakovich ( 1908 - 1973 ) - Armenian Soviet sculptor.
- Kanayan, Drastamat Martirosovich ( 1883 - 1956 ) - Armenian political and military leader.
- Miridzhanyan, Verdzhaluys ( 1916 - 1992 ) - Soviet Armenian actress  .
- Cetin, Servet - Turkish football player of Azerbaijani origin.
- Shemakhy ( Azerbaijan )
- Sharur ( Azerbaijan )
Igdir at night
Central street Igdir
Monument to the genocide of the Turks
The performance of the dance " Naz eliama " in Igdir (July 2005)
- Igdir - modern Russian transliteration of the name (“Atlas of the World”, 2007 ISBN 5-85120-243-2 ), previously the forms Igdir , Igdir and Igdir , Ihdyr were also used
- Dimitri Korobeinikov . Byzantium and the Turks in the Thirteenth Century. - Oxford University Press , 2014. - p. 174 .:
He was the leader of the Mongols: Ani, Kars, Lori (Lore), and Surb Mari in Ayrarat (Hagia Maria, Surmelu of Ottoman sources, modern Igdir) in 1236-7.
- "Իգդիր" (Igdir). Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia . Volume 4. Yerevan, Armenian SSR, 1978, p. 309.
- Population of cities, suburbs and other most important populated areas // Encyclopedic dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : in 86 tons (82 tons and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Surmalinsky County // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : 86 tons (82 tons and 4 extra). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Encyclopedia "Around the World". Igdir
- Igdir // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : 86 t. (82 t. And 4 add.). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Balakian, Peter. The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response. - New York: HarperCollins, 2003. - p. 324-330. - ISBN 0-0605-5870-9 .
- The first general census of the population of the Russian Empire, 1897. t. 71 Erivan province. N. A. Troinitsky, St. Petersburg, 1904. p. 144
- (tour.) Yilmaer, Esat. Sevilen valiyle 'savaş' MHP'ye kaybettirmiş . " Hürriyet . August 5, 2002.
- Verdzhaluys Mirizhanyan
- Official site of the town of Igdir
- Turkish wars of Russia // Encyclopedic dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : in 86 tons (82 tons and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.