"Hunchback" - a market in Moscow , which grew out of the founded in 1987 at the Palace of Culture. Gorbunov club of philophonists . In the 1990s, it was a popular trading destination for multimedia products and was located in Filevsky Park near DK Gorbunov, near the Bagrationovskaya metro station. In 2001, due to the changed legislation, the open-air market was forced to close; the bulk of the sellers moved to the market in the building of the former Rubin factory. Since 2001, it has been operating as the Gorbushkin Dvor shopping center in Bagrationovsky passage  .
Gorbushkin Dvor Shopping Center, 2018
|Location||Moscow , Bagrationovsky passage , 7|
|Nearest metro station||Bagrationovskaya|
- 1 History
- 1.1 Formation
- 1.2 Closure
- 2 Modernity
- 3 References
- 4 notes
In the fall of 1987, the Moscow club of sound recording collectors (philophonists) was founded at the Gorbunov Palace of Culture, organized by the publisher and entrepreneur Igor Tonkikh . The first chairman of the club was Boris Simonov  .
During the years of perestroika, DK Gorbunova became the center of Moscow rock culture : in the late 1980s, such groups as Nautilus Pompilius , Nikolai Copernicus , Dumb , Nastya , Sounds Mu , Bioconstructor performed on its stage ". The Philophonists Club brought together music lovers and collectors who gathered on weekends and holidays in the lobby of the Palace of Culture to resell or exchange vinyl records , bobbins and cassettes with Western rock music . Signature records were expensive, but here you could buy pirated copies of rare albums and collections. Despite the high prices for many musical rarities, the first years, most sellers were aimed more at replenishing their own collections than at commercial gain  . The blogger Oleg Bocharov recalled the first years of “Gorbushka”:
|By itself, this mini-market was a dreary sight - an assembly hall where collectors stood on the wall of treading linoleum, looked at each other, and hoped that now some uneducated duffer would come up to them, which would exchange the expensive Iron Maiden for a cheap Slayer . But there you could see a lot of branded records, which for the music lover of 1988 were worth a million visits to the Hermitage and the Louvre . <...> The regulars of Gorbushka in the early 1990s are an outlandish breed of people who easily earned more money in one day than the proletarian in a month. At the same time, no one became rich, because all the profits went exclusively to replenish their own collection  .|
In the 1990s, with the collapse of the USSR , the fall of the Iron Curtain and the tour of many foreign rock musicians - from Nick Cave to Sonic Youth and Einstürzende Neubauten - in DK Gorbunov the range of distributed audio recordings increased significantly. Both the palace of culture and the market, which was popularly known as “Humpback”, became cult places for Russian music lovers. The trading lines had to be expanded and most of the sellers, with the exception of vinyl collectors, moved from the DC building to the nearby Filyovsky Park. Game consoles and cartridges , as well as video tapes with pirated copies of films, from paintings by Wim Wenders , Jean-Luc Godard and Pierre Paolo Pazolini to anime and pornography , began to be sold here. In the early 1990s, Tigran Dokhalov, the organizer of the first Russian distribution film company West Video , began his activities at Gorbushka. Pavel Sanaev , stepson of Rolan Bykov and one of the main roles in the movie “ Scarecrow ”, who later became famous as a writer, screenwriter and director   , also worked as a translator of “pirated” films.
In 1992-1993, the first CDs began to spread on the market, which became the main competitors of audio tapes. In the middle of the decade, computers and accessories for them, floppy disks , cassette players and tape recorders , posters and T-shirts with images of bands and artists, manuals on how to play computer games appeared on sale. In 1997, “Gorbushka” fell into the Guinness Book of Records in the nomination “Fastest Piracy”: on the day when Microsoft CEO Bill Gates announced the start of sales of Microsoft Office 97 , four hours later pirated copies of the software package were sold on the market at a price of 10 times lower than the original. In many ways, the spread of counterfeit products contributed to the broadening of the cultural horizons and computer literacy of Muscovites in the 1990s: licensed discs were too expensive, and the Internet was not yet widespread. There was even a musical hit parade “Gorbushka”, which was not inferior in popularity to the charts of FM radio stations  .
Rumors about the possible closure of Gorbushka as part of the fight against counterfeiting began to spread back in the late 1990s. In 2001, a law was passed banning the sale of audio and video products in the open, which meant the actual end of the market and the loss of jobs for many sellers. In February of the same year, a rally of merchants at DK Gorbunov took place, which turned out to be futile. For the right to use the Gorbushka brand, there was a struggle between the Mitinsky radio market , the Music Park in Maryino , the markets on Mozhaiskoye Highway , at the CSKA sports complex and near the Moscow Youth Palace . As a result, the malls moved to the Rubin factory building near Filevsky Park, where the home appliance market was already operating. For some time, the shopping center was called “La-la Park”, but was soon renamed “Gorbushkin Dvor”    .
Gorbushkin Dvor became one of the first centers in Moscow combining traditional trade and entertainment. Since 2001, the stage began, where concerts and autograph sessions of rock and pop stars, family celebrations, and disk presentations began to take place. Not only compact discs, household appliances and electronics, but also bed linen, sporting goods, everyday items were sold in the malls   .
In the 2010s, due to the development of the Internet and the transfer of a significant part of multimedia products, trade in household and digital appliances, the profits of Gorbushkin Dvor began to fall and the shopping center changed the concept of events in accordance with youth fashion. On its territory, competitions in speed-boarding and robotics began to take place, exhibitions, fairs, lectures, music and dance festivals, charity events , Universum intellectual games festivals such as Snowfall and Compass opened. Since 2014, the annual Moscow Blitz Chess Championship began to take place here: in 2018, more than 200 people took part in it. Vinyl collectors are still gathering in one of the Gorbushkin Dvor cafes - members of the Philophonists Club, until 2013 they held their music festival Gorbushkin Sound     .
In 2017, Gorbushkin Dvor changed ownership: the former owners of the shopping center, the shareholders of Yugra Bank Yuri and Alexei Khotiny, sold it to businessman Viktor Kharitonin . At the same time, information appeared about his possible demolition as part of the Moscow renovation program and the subsequent appearance on the territory of the former residential and commercial real estate plant with an area of more than 300 thousand m². In February 2018, the deputy mayor of Moscow, Marat Khusnullin, clarified that the demolition of the Gorbushkin Dvor would begin no earlier than February 2019, after the preparation of design estimates  .
In July 2018, the leadership of Gorbushkin Dvor announced that the demolition of the shopping center was postponed indefinitely, and themed ones with comics , anime, fantasy , paraphernalia for historical reconstruction and e-sports will be opened among the shopping arcades  .
- Marina Agliullina. Rock, flea market, VHS: a brief history of the legendary Humpback . TimeOut (August 7, 2017). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Camille Asadullin. From the revolutionary market to the realm of counterfeit goods: which one will remember “Little pink” . TimeOut (February 8, 2018). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Arthur Chachelov. Tigran Dokhalov brings to the market a new distributor . Film Distributor Bulletin (February 26, 2016). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Alexei Baykov. Moscow parties: from Gorbushka to Gorbushkin Dvor . Moscow 24 (January 28, 2016). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- The Little Humpback was closed . Moscow 24 (March 23, 2001). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- The Little Humpback was closed . Hi-Fi.Ru (March 23, 2001). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Shopping center “Gorbushkin Dvor” . Poster of free entertainment in Moscow. Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Come to the club of philophonists . Prefecture of the Western Administrative District of Moscow (January 11, 2017). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Events . Site "Gorbushkin Dvor." Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Anna Baldina. The end of the era: a residential complex Will be built on the site of the legendary "Humpback" . Vesti.Ru (July 26, 2017). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Anton Filatov, Bela Lauv. On the "Gorbushkin Dvor" it will soon be possible to settle . Vedomosti (July 25, 2017). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.
- Gorbushkin Dvor will change the concept instead of demolishing a building . New Retail (June 22, 2018). Date of treatment October 1, 2018.