Manchester City Airport ( City City Manchester ) (formerly Barton Aerodrome ) ( IATA : N / A , ICAO : EGCB ) - General Aviation Airport (BON) in Barton an Irwell , Eccles , Salford , Greater Manchester , England . Located 9.3 km west of Manchester , it is the first UK municipal airport specifically built for this purpose. There are four grassy runways at the airport, it is the busiest general aviation airport in the UK. For airplanes, the airfield operates from 9 hours to sunset seven days a week. Commercial, military, police and ambulance helicopters can take off and land even at night by prior arrangement, since the airfield can be equipped with portable lights.
|Manchester City Airport|
|IATA : N / A - ICAO : EGCB|
|A country||Great Britain|
|Operator||Peel Group |
|NUM height||+ 22 m|
|Working hours||from 09:00 to sunset for aircraft, around the clock for helicopters|
The airport is an important point for refueling light aircraft and helicopters flying to the north and south of the UK, because it is located in the center of the country and has the necessary aviation fuel - aviation gasoline 100LL and JetA1. However, due to the fact that the airfield is located next to Chat Moss swamps, there are prolonged floods that limit the takeoff and landing of aircraft.
Barton Manchester Airfield is licensed (P886), which permits passenger transportation and flight training. The airfield is not licensed for night work.  The airfield is often used by Manchester United Football Club.
The construction of the new municipal Manchester airfield in Barton began in the fall of 1928, it was supposed to replace the temporary Wiesenschev airfield. The grassy airfield and large hangar were completed in January 1930, when the first passenger charter flight was completed. Imperial Airways made a flight three times a week in the summer of 1930 to London's Croydon Airport via Birmingham; the flight was subsidized by the advice of Manchester and Birmingham.
The control tower and its associated wireless station were completed in the spring of 1933; it was the first station at a municipal airport outside London that was able to contact the aircraft during the flight and through which the controller could instruct pilots. The tower is currently in operation and is one of the oldest in Europe to be used for its intended purpose.
Regular flights resumed in August 1934 when Croydon- based airline Railway Air Services launched flights on the Croydon-Barton-Belfast-Glasgow route. Flights to Liverpool, Blackpool and the Isle of Man began in the spring of 1935. Other, smaller airlines operated on short routes until June 1938, when all flights were transferred to the newly built larger Ringway Airport , which also had the RAF Ringway air base from 1940 to 1957.
During World War II, Barton was requisitioned and used to repair military aircraft and remake civilian aircraft by companies such as Air Taxis Ltd and David Rosenfield Ltd. The types of aircraft built then were Avro Anson , Dominie, Fairey Battle , Fairey Fulmar , Hawker Hurricane and Corsair, as well as Fairey Swordfish . More than 700 Percival Proctor trainers have also been built. The concrete bunker of that time has survived.
The Lancaster flying club has been based at the Barton airfield since 1946. The squadron of the University of Manchester was based in one of the military hangars from 1946 to 1953, and then was relocated to RAF Woodvale near Southport .
The airport was owned by the Manchester City Council until 2003, when the land and property of the airport was acquired by the Peel Group . The airport is operated by a subsidiary of Peel Airports , City Airport Manchester Ltd.
Manchester City Airport has not changed much since its opening and is considered a successful example of the 1930s airport. A number of historic buildings in Barton have survived; There is an airport museum.
The airfield was used for filming films and television programs, including Brass (where Barton plays the role of Croydon Airport), Mersey Beat , GBH and Island at War A distinctive feature of these programs and films is a close-up control tower . The control tower was repeatedly repaired and reconstructed (the last time in 2006), it is an architectural monument (List II).
- Flight Academy - provides training in flying on airplanes and helicopters
- Greater Manchester Aerial Police Units
- Heli North West - Robinson R22 and Enstrom Helicopter Pilot Training School. Also used are Robinson R44 and Bell 206 Jetranger
- LAC Flying School - PA28, Cessna 152/0, Grob 115 and Cessna 172 flight training.
- Malcolm Dobson Instructor Services - Preparing for written exams for a pilot's license
- Mainair - flight training on ultralight aircraft
- Manchester Helicopter Center - Helicopter Training
- Ravenair - Piper PA-38 Tomahawk flight training.
- Manchester's early airfields: establishment, development and operations . RAScholefield. An extensive article in Moving Manchester , Lancashire & Cheshire Antiquarian Society, Manchester, 2004. ISSN 0950-4699.
- The Lancashire Aero Club: Three Score Years and Ten . Peter Maher, 1992. Lancashire Aero Club. ISBN 0-9524099-0-9 .