Yamskoye ( German: Katharinental ) is a village in the Krasnokutsky district of the Saratov region , part of the rural settlement Zhuravlevsky Municipal Formation .
|Subject of the federation||Saratov region|
|Rural settlement||Zhuravlev Municipality|
|History and Geography|
|Former names||until 1927 - Pit|
until 1942 - Ekaterinental
|Timezone||UTC + 4|
|Population||638  people ( 2010 )|
|Nationalities||Russians , Ukrainians , Kazakhs , Tatars , Germans|
|Telephone code||+7 34|
The village has a secondary school, a cultural center , a village administration and post office, as well as a cultural center (building of the former Catholic Church).
The streets of the village: March 8, Zarechnaya, Youth, Youth Lane, Lake Lane, Postal, Saratov, Soviet Lane, Central, School, Enthusiasts, Yubileinaya.
It was founded as a subsidiary colony of Ekaterinental in 1860 by immigrants from the German colony Neu-Straub . The official Russian name is Pit. It was part of the Yeruslan colonial district, later the Upper Yeruslan volost of the Novouzensk district of the Samara province . It belonged to the Lutheran parishes Schöndorf and Hoffenthal . In 1857, the future colony was allocated 3360 acres of land (for 64 families)  .
During the famine of 1921, 38 people were born, 106 died. Since 1922, it was part of the Krasnokutsk canton of the Labor Commune , since 1923 the Volga Germans Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic . In 1926, the village had an agricultural cooperative partnership, elementary school, and village council. During the years of collectivization organized by MTS  . In 1927, the decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee "On Changes in the Administrative Division of the Autonomous Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of SR Nemtsev of the Volga Region and on the Assignment to German Villages of the Previous Names that Existed Until 1914" was named Yekaterinental  .
On August 28, 1941, a Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces on the resettlement of Germans living in the Volga region was issued. The German population was deported . After the liquidation of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Volga Germans, the village, like other settlements of the Krasnokutsk canton, was included in the Saratov region , renamed the village of Yamskoye .
The village is located in the Low Volga region , within the Syrt Plain , belonging to the East European Plain , at the source of the Yama River  . The relief is gently sloping. The soil is dark chestnut. Soil-forming rocks - clays and loams  .
By road, the distance to the regional center of Krasny Kut is 26 km, to the regional center of Saratov - 130 km.
The climate is temperate continental (according to the Köppen - Dfa climate classification ). The average annual air temperature is + 6.5 ° C. The average temperature of the coldest month of January is 10.5 ° C, the hottest month of July + 23.0 ° C. The estimated long-term rainfall rate is 395 mm, the least amount of precipitation falls in March (21 mm), the largest - in June (43 mm)  .
Yamskoye, like the whole Saratov region , is in the time zone MSC + 1 ( Samara time ). The offset of the applied time relative to UTC is +4: 00  .
Population dynamics by years:
|1872 ||1883 ||1889 ||1897 ||1905 ||1910 ||1920 ||1922 ||1923 ||1926 ||1931 ||1987 ||2002 |
- National composition
According to the 2002 census, the majority of the population was Russian (57%)  .
- 2010 All-Russian Population Census. The number and distribution of the population of the Saratov region . Date of treatment July 6, 2014. Archived July 6, 2014.
- Germans of Russia. Settlements and places of settlement: an encyclopedic dictionary. / Comp. V.F. Dizendorf. 3rd revised online edition. - 2011.
- GESCHICHTE DER WOLGADEUTSCHEN = Decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee on changes in the administrative division of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of NP and on the restoration of the traditional names of its German villages (1927)
- Maps of the General Staff M-38 (B) 1: 100000. Saratov and Volgograd regions
- Soil map of Russia
- Climate: Yamskoye - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table - Climate-Data.org
- Federal Law of 03.06.2011 N 107-ФЗ “On the Calculation of Time”, Article 5 (June 3, 2011).
- Topographic maps of the USSR M-38 (B) 1: 100000. Saratov and Volgograd regions
- Koryakov Yu. B. Database “Ethno-Linguistic Composition of Settlements of Russia” .