Margarita Poretansky ( fr. Marguerite Porete , aka Marguerite Porrette or la Porette , between 1250 and 1260 , Hainaut - June 1, 1310 , Paris ) - French runner nun, mystical writer.
|fr. Marguerite Porete, Marguerite Porrette|
Runner Nun, 1489
|Date of Birth||between 1250 and 1260|
|Place of Birth||Hainaut , now Belgium|
|Date of death||June 1, 1310|
|Place of death||Paris , France|
|Language of Works||old french|
Her life is known mainly from the church inquiry about her as a heretic , therefore the information is most likely reduced, cleaned up and distorted. It is brought closer to the Brotherhood of a free spirit , the Christian movement of the XIII-XIV centuries. in the north of Europe.
The author of the treatise Mirouer des simples ames anientis et qui seulement demourent en vouloir et desir d'amour , written in Old French, translated into Latin and other European languages. It was published anonymously, and Margaret Poretansky's authorship was recognized only in 1946 .
She was condemned by the church, her book was burned in 1306 , then in 1309 . The trial over it was led by the Inquisitor General of the Kingdom of France Guillaume of Paris, since 1309 Bishop of Sansa . She herself was sentenced by the Inquisition to public burning on May 31, 1310, and burned in Paris on Grevskaya Square on June 1, 1310.
Legacy and recognition
After publication in the XX century. the treatise "The Mirror of Simple Souls" under the name of the author Margarita Poretanskaya was recognized as one of the greatest mystics of the Middle Ages. In 2005, Anne Carson wrote the poetic libretto Decreation (The Creation ), the main character of his second part is Margarita Poretansky. Based on this composition, the William Forsythe ballet of the same name ( 2007 ) was staged.
- Dronke P. Women writers of the Middle Ages: A critical study of texts from Perpetua to Marguerite Porete. Cambridge New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
- McGinn B. Meister Eckhart and the Beguine mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete. New York: Continuum, 1994.
- Sells MA Mystical languages of unsaying. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994
- Bertho M. Le Miroir des âmes simples et anéanties de Marguerite Porete, Une vie blessée d'amour. Paris: Nathan, 1999
- Thysell C. The Pleasure of Discernment: Marguerite de Navarre as Theologian. Oxford; New York: Oxford UP, 2000.
- Richir L. Marguerite Porete, une âme au travail de l'Un. Bruxelles: Éditions Ousia, 2003.
- Voix de femmes au Moyen Âge / Danielle Régnier-Bohler, ed. Paris: Laffont, 2006.
- Sean L., Field, Robert E. Lerner, Sylvain Piron (dir.), Marguerite Porete et le Miroir des simples âmes: Perspectives historiques, philosophiques et littéraires, Paris, Vrin, 2013.