TIR ( French: Transports International Routiers , International Road Transport, TIR) is a system of international road transport of goods based on the Customs Convention on the International Carriage of Goods using a TIR Carnet . The system was founded on November 14, 1975 in Geneva to simplify and harmonize administrative formalities in international road transport . Companies specializing in international cargo transportation, and which are members of the association, use customs documents called TIR Carnets ( Carnet TIR ), which are allowed to cross the border without paying duties at the checkpoint across the state border.
The International TIR Convention and the system created on its basis were adopted under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe . To date, the system operates in 57 countries. [one]
This international transit customs system, providing maximum opportunities for movement across the borders of goods:
- in sealed trucks or containers ;
- Sent from the customs in one country to the customs of another country;
- without mandatory full time-consuming checks at intermediate borders ;
- at certain times provided by the customs authorities, with security requirements and guarantees.
The TIR transportation system is not only involved in customs transit by road, but combines, if possible, transportation with other modes of transport (for example, rail , river and even sea transport ), while the other part of the transport travels only on roads.
Now more than 40,000 international carriers (by the relevant authorities of their states) are authorized to participate in the TIR system, and each year they use the right to expedite the processing of customs documents more than 3.2 million times.
In light of the expected increase in world trade, the future expansion of geographical boundaries and the upcoming introduction of the electronic TIR system (the so-called “e-TIR system”), it is assumed that the TIR system will become a truly global transit customs system.
By order of the Federal Customs Service of Russia dated December 14, 2015 No. 2568 “On the movement of goods in accordance with the Customs Convention on the international carriage of goods using the TIR Carnet” (registered with the Russian Ministry of Justice on December 18, 2015, reg. No. 40161), a list of checkpoints across the state border of the Russian Federation is established where it is allowed to import goods transported in accordance with the TIR Convention into the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union.
- Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods Using a TIR Carnet
- Trackless transport
- Railway transport
- Sea transport
- River transport
- Freight Forwarding Company