Neil of Sinai ( Postnik, Ankirsky, Elder, Sinait ;? - 450 ) - Christian saint , revered in the face of the saint , a hermit , author of ascetic writings. Memory is celebrated in the Orthodox Church on November 12 (according to the Julian calendar ), in the Catholic Church on November 12 .
Rev. Neil of Sinai
( icon of the Old Believer icon painter Y. A. Bogatenko, 1904 )
|Is revered||in the Orthodox and Catholic churches|
|In the face||reverend|
|Day of Remembrance||in the Orthodox Church on November 12 (according to the Julian calendar ), in the Catholic Church - November 12|
|Proceedings||a number of theological works|
The Rev. Nile was born in the 4th century in Constantinople , received a good education and at a young age became prefect of the capital of Byzantium . Neil was married, had two children. The life of the Nile and his family was greatly influenced by St. John Chrysostom , of whom he became a disciple. Neil and his wife decided to leave and devote themselves to monastic life. From the life of the saint it is known that the spouses handed out their property to the poor and needy, released slaves and slaves  . Neil with his son Theodulus retired to Sinai , and his wife and daughter in one of the Egyptian monasteries.
Nile settled in a cave near Mount Horeb, where the monastic community of St. Catherine’s Monastery formed at that time. In the Sinai desert, the Nile spent 40 years, attracting many believers with its asceticism. When his son Theodulus was captured by the Saracens , he was bought from captivity by the bishop of Emesses. Upon learning of this, Neil came to Emes , where he was received by the bishop, who ordained him and Theodulus as elders .
Returning to the Sinai, Neil no longer absent from his cave and died peacefully in 450 .
The Monk Neil, following the example of his teacher John Chrysostom, was engaged in the interpretation of the Holy Scriptures and the explanation of the dogmas of faith. Fame brought him his ascetic writings.
His most famous works include:
- A word about prayer (153 chapters);
- A word to Eulogius to the monk about unauthorized poverty, about the benefits of a secluded life, with thoughts about avoiding the world, about firmness in the struggle, about patience in sorrows and the struggle against passions, etc .;
- The Handbook of Epictetus outlining the thoughts of this Greek philosopher in the context of Christian doctrine.
- Correspondence of Rev. Nile moral content.
The angry messages of the Nile are known, denouncing the emperor Arkady , who expelled John Chrysostom from Constantinople.
Neil Sinai was an eyewitness and described the second beating of the reverend fathers in Sinai and Raif .
- Neil Sinait // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Creations of the Rev. Father of our Neil of Sinai
- Life on the site of Orthodoxy. RU
- St. Nilus // Catholic Encyclopedia
- Creations of the Rev. Father of our Neil Sinai on Google Drive (inaccessible link)