Alexander Ivanovich Ikonnikov ( 1833 - 1917 ) - Russian public figure, teacher and revolutionary, college assessor .
|Alexander Ivanovich Ikonnikov|
|Date of Birth||1833|
|Place of Birth||Irbit|
|Date of death||1917|
|A place of death||Cherdyn , Cherdyn Uyezd , Perm Province , Russian Empire|
|Occupation||teacher , revolutionary|
|Awards and prizes|
Born in Irbit in the family of a priest  . He was educated at the Perm Theological Seminary (1850) and the Kazan Theological Academy (1854), after which he taught philosophy at the Perm Theological Seminary. In 1855, A.I. Ikonnikov successfully defended his thesis and received a master's degree. For success in service in 1857, he was awarded the dark bronze medal on the Vladimir tape "In memory of the war of 1853-1856"  .
In 1857, he quit his clergy and entered the civil service. He served as Art. an official of the governor of the Perm Governor’s office, clerk of the provincial statistical committee, and ruler of the affairs of the provincial people's food commission.
In 1859 he founded a public library in Perm, which became the meeting place for revolutionary-minded youth. In 1860-1862 he led the revolutionary circle, known as the Perm Secret Society . On the eve of the cancellation of documents on the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Ikonnikov circle began distributing the anti-government proclamation “The Message of the Elder Kondratius”. At the suggestion of the Minister of the Interior, approved by the tsar in June 1861, A.I. Ikonnikov was made "strict suggestion" and instructed the governor to "observe his actions and way of thinking, and if he proves harmful, then remove him from the province. However, the governor does not I wanted to lose the smart and energetic official Ikonnikov, who convinced the governor of his innocence. Ikonnikov not only remained in Perm, but also received a promotion. In October 1861 he was appointed senior official of special assignments under the governor.
To investigate the activities of revolutionary democrats in Perm in early May 1862, the adjutant wing of Tsar Mezentsov specially arrived. At the request of the Mezentsov commission, on May 23, 1862, the governor closed the Ikonnikov library. On July 28, 1862, the Tsar approved the decision of a special meeting, according to which A. Ikonnikov should be "evicted to live in one of the remote cities of Western Siberia ... without the right to enter the service and with the establishment of strict police supervision over him."
Ikonnikov was exiled to the city of Berezov , later due to a serious illness he was transferred to Tobolsk . In 1864 he received permission to move to the city of Kurgan , and then, in 1871 - to Tyumen . In 1870, released from police surveillance. In 1880 he was elected justice of the peace in the Irbit district of Perm province .   Then he worked in Cherdyn as a zemstvo chief.
A.I. Ikonnikov died and was buried, according to his grandson L.E. Ikonnikov and professor of Perm State University B.N. Vishnevsky in Cherdyn in 1917.
- Six Years at the Krutogorsk Seminary ”: Memoirs of“ Krutogorets ”(Ivan Andreevich Ardashev)
- Persons - Ikonnikov Alexander Ivanovich Encyclopedia Perm Territory
- Ikonnikov, Alexander Ivanovich // Figures of the revolutionary movement in Russia : in 5 volumes / ed. F. Ya. Kona et al. - M .: All-Union Society of Political Prisoners and Exiled Settlers , 1927-1934.
- Perm Secret Society. (unavailable link) // Ural Historical Encyclopedia. - Institute of History and Archeology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.