Igael Yadin ( Hebrew יגאל ידין , nee Sukenik ) ( March 20, 1917 - June 28, 1984 ) - Second Chief of the General Staff of the IDF , Israeli archaeologist and politician.
|Heb. יגאל ידין|
|Birth||March 20, 1917 |
Jerusalem , Palestine , Ottoman Empire
|Death||June 28, 1984 (67 years old)|
Jerusalem , Israel
Israel Prize ( 1956 )
|Type of army|
Yadin was born in 1917 in the family of the famous archaeologist Eleazar Sukenik and the activist of the women's movement Hasi Fainsod. At the age of 15, he joined Hagan , where he held various posts. In 1946, Yadin left Hagan because of disputes with his commander, Yitzhak Sad . In 1947 , shortly before the declaration of independence of Israel, Ben-Gurion again called on Yadin to military service (at that time he studied at the university). Yadin led operations during the War of Independence due to the illness of the first chief of the General Staff, Jacob Dory .
On November 9, 1949, Yadin was officially appointed chief of the General Staff after the resignation of Dory and held this post for 3 years. Yadin resigned on December 7, 1952 due to disagreements with Ben-Gurion, who served as prime minister and defense minister. Yadin completed his military career at the age of 35.
After the resignation, Igael Yadin conducted numerous archaeological research. In 1956, he received the Israel State Prize for his doctoral dissertation on the translation of the Dead Sea Scrolls . Yadin participated in important excavations such as Qumran , Masada , Hazor and Megiddo . During the six-day war of 1967, Yadin was a military adviser to Prime Minister Levi Eshkol , and after the Doomsday War he was a member of the Agranat commission . Professor. Corresponding Member of the British Academy (1966).
In 1976, Yadin, together with Professor Amnon Rubinstein , Shmuel Tamir, Meir Amiom and Meir Zorea, formed the DASH ( Democratic Movement for Change ) party. The new centrist party seemed promising in the fight against corruption in the Ma'arah movement (the current Avoda party). During the Knesset elections in 1977 , the party won 15 seats. The Likud leader Begin was able to form a coalition government with the DASH party, leaving the Maarah bloc in opposition.
Igael Yadin received the post of Deputy Prime Minister and actively participated in the conclusion of a peace treaty with Egypt . Later the party split and in 1981 Yadin left politics.
He died in June 1984, was buried on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem . Many streets in the cities of Israel are named after him.
- 1956 - Israel Prize
- 1963 -
- 1969 - Messenger Lectures
- Yadin Yggael - article from the Electronic Jewish Encyclopedia
- Biography of Igael Yadin on the Knesset website
- Biography of Igael Yadin on the Knesset website (Russian)
- Photo and film about the Yadin and its archaeological research