The Yassa peace treaty is a peace treaty concluded on December 29, 1791 ( January 9, 1792 ) between Russia and the Ottoman Empire and putting an end to the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 .
|Jasa Peace Treaty|
|Type of contract||peace treaty|
|date of signing||December 29, 1791 ( January 9, 1792 )|
|• a place|
|Signed||A.N. Samoilov , O.M. de Ribas and S. L. Lashkarev|
Abdullah Effendi, Ibrahim Ismet Bey and Mehmed Effendi
|Parties||Russian empire |
Negotiations were held in the city of Iasi in the Principality of Moldova (now the territory of Romania ). From the side of the Russian Empire, His Grace Prince G. A. Potemkin was present, and after his death, Prince A. A. Bezborodko , and from Turkish, the great vizier Koja Yusuf Pasha . An agreement was signed on behalf of Russia by Samoilov , de Ribas and S. L. Lashkarev, and on behalf of Turkey, flight effendi (Minister of Foreign Affairs) Abdullah Effendi, Ibrahim Ismet Bey and Mehmed Effendi.
The agreement secured for Russia the entire Northern Black Sea region , including Crimea , and strengthened its political position in the Caucasus and the Balkans . The lands between the Southern Bug and the Dniester passed along Russia, along which a new border was established. In the Caucasus, the border was restored along the Kuban River . Turkey refused claims on Georgia and pledged not to take any hostile actions against Georgian lands.
Article 3 of the agreement stipulated that “between the Empire of All-Russian and the Ottoman Port the Dniester River will be the border, so that all the lands on the left bank of the recumbent river lying, remain forever in perfect and unhindered possession of the All-Russian Empire, and on the right bank of the recalled river and all lands lying, upon their return from the All-Russian Empire, have to remain forever in the perfect and unhindered possession of the Ottoman Ports. ” Fearing persecution by the authorities of the Ottoman Empire, the Principality of Moldova left a significant number of residents, most of whom moved over the Dniester. There, supporters of Russia from the Moldovan nobility received large land holdings. The cities of Tiraspol ( 1792 ) and Grigoriopol ( 1795 ) were founded in the Ochakovo region .
After the conclusion of the Iasi Peace Treaty, the Principality of Moldova became the scene of the struggle between Russia, France and Austria , trying to establish their influence there. Catherine II , not satisfied with what was achieved, planned further events.
The accession to Russia after the Yassky peace treaty of the territories between the Southern Bug and the Dniester greatly accelerated the settlement and economic development of this region. In 1794, the city of Odessa was founded on the lands obtained as a result of the Iasi peace.
- Russian-Turkish war
- Kyuchuk-Kaynardzhiysky world
- Bucharest Peace Treaty (1812)
- Yassky world // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- A detailed description of the path of the extraordinary and plenipotentiary Russian imperial embassy, after the Peace of Yass, from Ruschuk through Shumla to Constantinople, in 1793. With military remarks about the land, with an indication of the way to spend and food from 30 to 40 thousand troops / Note. N. A. Osokina // Russian antiquity, 1878. - T. 21. - No. 1. - P. 100—124.
- Iasi Peace Treaty . 12/29/791 (01/09/1782). Project of the Russian Military Historical Society "100 main documents of Russian history."