Druz Julius Caesar ( Latin: Drusus Iulius Caesar ), sometimes Druz Caesar or Druz III ( 7 - 33 ) - the second son of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder . At one time, Tiberius considered it the most likely successor to his power.
|Druz Julius Caesar|
|DRVSVS IVLIVS CAESAR|
|Date of Birth||7|
|Place of Birth||Rome|
|Date of death||33|
|Place of death||Rome|
|Occupation||One of the possible successors to Tiberius|
Druz was born into the family of the nephew and adopted son of Tiberius, Germanicus, and his wife, Vipsania Agrippina, best known as Agrippina the Elder. He was the second child. In addition to him, the family had four more children.
Germanicus was the son of Druze the Elder , a brother of Tiberius. Through adoption by Tiberius, he received the status of a patrician . Vipsaniya Agrippina - daughter of Mark Vipsaniya Agrippa from Julia the Elder , the only daughter of Emperor Augustus .
Druz first appeared in public in May 17 , at the celebration of the triumph of his father Germanicus in honor of the victory over the Cherusks  .
In 23, he received permission from the Senate to occupy the position of a quaestor 5 years earlier than the official qualification  and joined the college of Augurs  .
In the year 25 he took the post of city prefect  .
As a child, Druz was engaged to Salvia , the sister of the future Emperor Oton , but the engagement was canceled. Druz married about 25 years old to Emilia Lepida , daughter of Mark Emilia Lepidus , consul for 6 years and great-granddaughter of Scribonia , Octavian's second wife, from her second marriage. The marriage was unsuccessful. Emilia “pursued her husband with constant accusations”  .
Druz also had a bad relationship with his older brother, Nero , since he was the most likely, at that time, successor to Tiberius, and Agrippina's beloved son. In this regard, in the year 26, Druz became close to Sejan , who is almost an open enemy of Agrippina.
In the year 29 , not without the help of Drusus, Tiberius exiled Agrippina and Nero to the island of Pandateria in the Tyrrhenian Sea (modern Ventoten , Italy ). Druz became the most likely heir to the emperor’s power and lived under Tiberius, in Capri .
However, Seyang pursued his goals. In the year 30, he forced Emilia Lepida to bring a series of charges against her husband  . Tiberius sent Drusus from Capri to Rome, where the Senate condemned him to death for treason. However, the execution was delayed, and Drusus was imprisoned.
Druz was in prison until 33 years old. In the year 31 , during the disclosure of the conspiracy, Tiberius proposed to use Druz against Seyan if Seyan decided to openly rebel. However, this did not follow.
In the year 33 , most likely after death in exile from starvation of the mother of Druze, Agrippina, Tiberius gave the order to starve and Druze. Druze in prison stopped feeding and brought to such a state that he tried to chew his mattress. At the end of 33 years, Druz dies of exhaustion  .
In 36, his widow Emilia Lepida was accused of being a slave, convicted and executed.
- Tacitus. "Annals". II. 41
- Tacitus. "Annals". IV. four
- Suetonius. "The Life of 12 Caesars ." Caligula. 12
- Suetonius. "The Life of 12 Caesars." "Tiberius." 54
- Tacitus. "Annals". VI. 40
- Dion Cassius. "Roman history." LVIII 3
- Suetonius. "The Life of 12 Caesars." "Tiberius." 54, 64 - 65