Archelaus ( dr. Greek Ἀρχέλαος ) is the mythical ancestor of Alexander the Great   . One of the Heraclides  , son of Temen , king of Argos  . Sent by the brothers into exile and arrived at King Kissey in Macedonia. Kissey promised him a kingdom and a daughter as a wife. Archelaus fled the enemies in battle. Friends persuaded Kissey to cunningly kill Archelaus, dropping him into a pit. Upon learning of this, Archelaus himself threw the king into the pit. He fled and, following the oracle of Apollo, wandered, following the goat. The road led him to the place where he founded the city, named by him Ega ("goat"). [five]
The protagonist of the tragedy of Euripides "Archelaus." 
The myth about him is considered a variant of the myth of Karan , but Archelaus is several generations older in the mythical genealogy (conditionally the first half of the 11th century BC).
- Archelaus, Heraclides // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Myths of the peoples of the world. Encyclopedia: In 2 vols. M .: ROS. Encyclopedia, 1994.V. 1.P. 110
- A.P. Kondrashov. Gods and heroes of ancient Greece and Rome. S. 74
- Myths of the peoples of the world. M .: 1991–92. In 2 vols. T. 1. S. 110; Lubker F. The Real Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. M .: 2001. In 3 vols. T. 1. S. 150
- Gigin. Myths 219
- Aristophanes. Frogs 1206-1208, mention of the Egyptians