Israel Markovich Morgenstern ( 1903 , Baroncha , Soroca district , Bessarabian province - September 25  1941 , Mikauci , Straseni district , Moldavian SSR ) - Communist Party of Romania, secretary of the Bessarabian underground party committee (1936-1937).
|Israel Markovich Morgenstern|
|Date of Birth||November 5, 1903|
|Place of Birth||Drokievsky district|
|Date of death||November 19, 1941 (38 years old)|
|Place of death||Straseni district|
|Awards and prizes|
Born in the Bessarabian village of Baroncha (now the Drochia region of Moldova ). He graduated from the Soroka Agrotechnical Gymnasium (1927), then taught at a private gymnasium. He participated in the underground revolutionary movement since high school years. In 1930-1931 he was secretary of the Soroca underground county committee of the Communist Party of Romania , was arrested and until 1934 served his prison sentence in Galata and Doftan .
After his release, he worked in the General Council of Unitary Trade Unions of Romania, then was arrested again. In 1936-1937 - Secretary of the Bessarabian underground regional committee of the Communist Party of Romania. In 1937-1940 he was again the Secretary of the Soroca Committee of the Party, replacing Yu. A. Korotkov. After Bessarabia joined the USSR in 1940 and before the start of World War II, he was chairman of the Executive Committee of the Soroca City Council.
In September 1941, he was appointed a member of the republican party center to organize partisan work in the occupied territory. September 25, 1941 as a coherent sabotage group of nine members of the Center (Center Secretary A. M. Tereshchenko, deputies M. Ya. Skvortsov and P. Ya. Muntyan, liaisons Ya. T. Boguslavsky, S.P. Brukhis, E. S. Grinberg, I.I. Grinman, I.M. Morgenstern , Ya. M. Maslov) was abandoned in the occupied territory near the village of Draslicheny, Strasheni district, near Chisinau , where the group was discovered by a German punitive detachment. Two members of the group died in battle, four committed suicide and three were shot by Germans. The remains of five connected sabotage groups, including I.M. Morgenstern, were discovered in early 1971 and reburied in a mass grave. In 1979, a monument (inaccessible link) , now partially destroyed, was erected at the burial site (inaccessible link) on the outskirts of the village of Ratush (now part of the Draslicheny commune of the Criuleni district ).   
By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 10, 1965, I.M. Morgenstern was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree. The street in Soroki was named after I.M. Morgenstern.
- In the book “In the Bend of the Middle Dniester” (Chisinau, 1975, p. 101), other dates and circumstances of the death of I.M. Morgenstern are indicated. According to this publication, he was transported to Chisinau and, after torture, was shot by the Romanian gendarmes on November 19, 1941 .
- At an unnamed height. “Independent Moldova” of August 26, 2004 Archived on June 8, 2008.
- Hot summer of 1971 (inaccessible link)
- Composition of the Center: Alexei Nikolaevich Tereshchenko (1911-1941), First Secretary of the Republican Committee of the Communist Party (B) M, former Secretary of the Slobodzeysky District Committee of the Communist Party of Moldova; Mikhail Yakovlevich Leibovich ( Skvortsov , 1908-1941), deputy secretary, on forged documents “ Semyon Yakovlevich Stropsha ”; P. Ya. Muntean , deputy secretary, former secretary of the Tiraspol city committee of the Komsomol; Israel Markovich Morgenstern (1903-1941), former chairman of the Soroka City Executive Committee, according to the documents “ Dmitry Antonovich Mariutsan ”; Yakov Tovyevich Boguslavsky (1907-1941), according to the documents " Mikhail Iosifovich Kvitko "; Srul Pinhusovich Brukhis (1904-1941), according to the documents " Efim Stepanovich Kurnosov "; Esther (Fira) Srulevna Grinberg (1914-1941), according to the documents " Natalya Ivanovna Dobrovolskaya "; Isaac Iosifovich Greenman , according to the documents “ Zakhary Vasilyevich Vlasov ”; Yakov Mitrofanovich Maslov , former secretary of the Slobodzeysky district committee of the Komsomol.