Andrei Evgenievich Lichko ( November 8, 1926 - August 6, 1994 ) - Soviet psychiatrist , honored worker of science of the Russian Federation , professor , doctor of medical sciences , deputy director of the Psychoneurological Institute named after V.M. Ankylosing spondylitis .
|Andrey Evgenievich Lichko|
|Date of Birth||November 8, 1926|
|Place of Birth||Luga city Leningrad region of the RSFSR , USSR|
|Date of death||August 6, 1994 (67 years old)|
|Scientific field||psychiatry , psychology|
|Alma mater||First St. Petersburg State Medical University named after academician I.P. Pavlov|
|Academic degree||Doctor of Medical Sciences|
|Awards and prizes|
He graduated from the Leningrad Medical Institute . I. P. Pavlova in 1951. Two years later, he defended his thesis, and in 1963 received the degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences for the monograph “Insulin Comas” (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1962)  . The main areas of scientific research are the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders in adolescence and the patho-characterized diagnosis.
From 1965 to 1985, he was executive secretary of the editorial board of the Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology, and since 1989, deputy editor-in-chief of the journal Review of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology named after V. M. Bekhterev ”, in the revival of which he took an active part  .
Based on the works of P. Gannushkin and K. Leongard , he created his own typology of personalities. The monograph by A. E. Lichko, “Psychopathies and character accentuations in adolescents” (1977), which has become the handbook of many generations of Russian psychiatrists and psychologists , has become most famous. For this book, A. E. Lichko was awarded an Honorary Diploma. V.M. Bekhterev, USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. In this work, A.E. Lichko enriched the doctrine of psychopathy , showing that, along with psychopathy and psychopathic disorders, character accentuations should be emphasized . Persons with character accentuations occupy an intermediate position between mentally healthy people and psychopathic personalities; they do not reveal psychic pathology, but an intensification (emphasis) of individual character traits. Referring to the well-known monograph of the German psychiatrist K. Leonhard, “Accentuated personalities,” A. E. Lichko emphasized that it would be more correct to talk not about accented personalities, but about accentuations of character, since personality is a broader concept that includes intelligence , abilities, worldview and etc. 
By his doctrine of “accentuations of character” A. E. Lichko contributed to the understanding of the etiology of neurosis by putting forward the concept of the so-called “place of least resistance” (locus resistentiae minoris) in character.
|The introduction of the concept of “place of least resistance” (or “weak link”) of character, as well as a description of these places in relation to each type, is an important contribution to the psychological theory of character. It is also of invaluable practical value. Weaknesses of every character must be known in order to avoid the wrong steps, excessive loads and complications in the family and at work, in raising children, organizing their own lives, etc. |
This concept of AE Lichko was the result of processing the ideas of the outstanding Russian psychiatrist and psychologist VN Myasishchev about "individual sensitivity" to mental trauma  .
Developing the provisions of V. N. Myasishchev on “situationality” and “individual hypersensitivity” to external influences, A. E. Lichko developed the doctrine that each type of character has its own, different from other types of “place”, each type has its own Akhillesov heel . Based on these observations, A. E. Lichko associated the origin of neurotic diseases not so much with the congenital inferiority of the nervous system, as many researchers had done before, but with the correlation of the pathogenic situation and individual character traits:
“If the trauma , even severe, is not addressed to the place of least resistance, does not hurt this Achilles heel, if the situation does not impose increased requirements in this regard, then the matter is usually limited to an adequate personal response, without violating the adaptation for a long time and significantly”.- Lichko A. E. Psychopathy and character accentuation in adolescents 
Author of the manuals “Teenage Psychiatry,” “Teenage Disease,” and several other monographs on psychiatry. He is also known as the author of the scientific journalism book “History through the eyes of a psychiatrist: Ivan the Terrible, Stalin, Hitler, Gogol and others” (1996)  .
- Lichko A.E. , Ivanov M. Ya. Patho-characteristic diagnostic questionnaire for adolescents and the experience of its practical application. - L. - 1976. - 57 p .; M .: "Folium", 1995, 64 p., 2nd ed.
- Lichko A. E. Adolescent Psychiatry (A Guide for Physicians). - L .: Medicine, 1979. - 336 p.
- Lichko A. E. Psychopathies and character accentuations in adolescents. - St. Petersburg : Speech, 2010 .-- 256 p. - 1000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-9268-0828-6 .
- Lichko A. E. Schizophrenia in adolescents. - L .: Medicine, Leningrad. Dep., 1989. - 214  p.
- Lichko A.E., Bitensky V.S. Teenage addiction: a guide for doctors. - L .: Medicine: Leningrad. Dep., 1991. - 301  p.
- Accentuation Classification
- Psychopathy and character accentuation in adolescents
- Schizophrenia in adolescents
- Comparison of Lichko typology with socionic types (article S. I. Voroshchenko Types and pathologies - Kiev, 1990).
- Lichko A. Character accentuation as a concept in psychiatry and medical psychology
- Lichko Andrey Evgenievich (1926-1994). Preface to the book: A. Lichko. Psychopathies and character accentuations in adolescents. St. Petersburg: "Speech", St. Petersburg NIPNI them. V. M. Bekhterev , 2010. ISBN 978-5-9268-0828-6 - P. 3.
- Lichko Andrey Evgenievich (1926-1994). Preface to the book: A. Lichko. Psychopathies and character accentuations in adolescents. St. Petersburg: "Speech", St. Petersburg NIPNI them. V. M. Bekhterev , 2010. ISBN 978-5-9268-0828-6 - S. 4.
- Lichko A.E. Psychopathy and character accentuation in adolescents. - SPb. : SPb NIPNI them. V.M. Bekhtereva , 2010 .-- S. 8 .-- 256 s. - 1000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-9268-0828-6 .
- Hippenreiter Yu.B. Introduction to general psychology. Lecture course. - Ed. 2nd, stereotyped. - M .: CheRo, 1996 .-- S. 276-277. - 336 p. - 10,000 copies. - ISBN 5-88711-011-2 .
- See: A. Aleksandrov. Modern psychotherapy. - St. Petersburg: “Academic Project”, 1997. - S. 173.
- Electronic libraries sometimes make a mistake in the title of this monograph: Lichko speaks of accentuations of character rather than personality .
- Lichko A.E. History through the eyes of a psychiatrist: Ivan the Terrible, Stalin, Hitler, Gogol and others.