Sergey Nikolaevich Tretyakov ( August 26 [ September 7 ] 1882 , Moscow - April 16, 1944 (?), Oranienburg , Germany ) - Russian businessman, politician. Chairman of the Economic Council of the Provisional Government ( 1917 ), then an emigrant. Since 1929, secretly collaborated with the OGPU (then - the NKVD ).
|Sergey Nikolaevich Tretyakov|
|Predecessor||Mikhailov Ivan Andrianovich (temporary manager)|
|Successor||the government ceased to exist|
|Predecessor||Sukin Ivan Ivanovich|
|Successor||the government ceased to exist|
|Birth||August 26 ( September 7 ) 1882 |
|Death||April 16, 1944 (61 years old)|
|Spouse||Natalya Savvishna Mamontova|
|Education||Moscow University (1905)|
Family and Education
He came from a family of Moscow textile manufacturers; grandson of the Moscow mayor S. M. Tretyakov . He was a member of the Council of the Moscow City Gallery P. Tretyakov and S. Tretyakov .
In 1901-1905 he studied at the Physics and Mathematics Department of Moscow University .
Entrepreneur and politician
Since 1899 - the head of the factory-trade partnership "Nikolai Tretyakov and Co." Since 1905 - the head of the Partnership of the Great Kostroma Linen Manufactory. In 1909 he replaced Alexander Konovalov as chairman of the Committee for Trade and Manufactures of the city of Kostroma . Since 1910 - Chairman of the All-Russian Society of Flax Industrialists, since 1912 - foreman of the Moscow Exchange Committee.
He collaborated with the Ryabushinsky brothers in their commercial and political projects. He was a founder and a member of the board of the Moscow Bank, the head of the board of directors of the Russian joint-stock flax-industrial company, and was a member of the editorial newspaper Utro Rossii . Together with the Ryabushinsky, Konovalov, Sergey Smirnov and a number of other entrepreneurs, he was a member of the group of so-called "young capitalists" who were opposed to the tsarist government. Since 1912 - member of the Central Committee of the Progressive Party .
Since 1915 , he was a friend of the chairman of the Moscow Military Industrial Committee (IPPC) P.P. Ryabushinsky , he also headed the flax section of the IMPC and was a member of the Central Military-Industrial Committee, since 1916 he was a friend of the chairman of the Moscow Exchange Committee, and actually supervised his work.
Activities during the Revolution and Civil War
During the February Revolution of 1917, he was a fellow chairman of the executive committee of the Committee of Public Organizations of Moscow. From March 1917, he was a fellow chairman of the All-Russian Union of Trade and Industry, the leader of the regional organization of this union, the Moscow Trade and Industry Committee. In the summer of 1917 he was elected the vowel of the Moscow City Duma on the list of the Party of People’s Freedom (Cadets) . Since the spring of 1917 was considered as a possible candidate for a ministerial post from the business community.
He was a friend of the chairman of the permanent council of the Conference of Public Figures in Moscow, by which in September 1917 he became a member of the fourth (third coalition) composition of the Provisional Government as chairman of the Economic Council and the Main Economic Committee. He was arrested during the October Revolution along with other members of the government in the Winter Palace , was imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress , and released at the end of February 1918 .
He emigrated to Finland, then moved to the south of Russia. He participated in the activities of the liberal anti-Bolshevik organization National Center . In November 1918 he participated in the Iasi meeting of representatives of "Bolshevik Russia" and the Entente. Member of the Special Meeting under the Supreme Commander of the All-Union Socialist Union of Ukraine A. I. Denikin.
In September 1919, at the invitation of the Supreme Ruler A.V. Kolchak, he arrived in Siberia , where he became Minister of Trade and Industry in the Government of P.V. Vologodsky . Considered a possible candidate for the presidency of the Council of Ministers; After the resignation of Vologodsky in November 1919, he was Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government V.N. Pepelyaev , in the absence of which he acted as head of government.
At the beginning of 1920 he left for China , lived in Harbin , then returned to Europe. In 1920 - a member of the financial meeting at P.N. Wrangel.
He emigrated to France , where he became one of the organizers and deputy chairman of the Russian Trade, Industrial and Financial Union. In 1921 he was one of the leaders of the Russian Committee for Relief of the Starving in Russia, from 1924 - the Russian Committee of United Organizations. He was disappointed in political activity and the prospects for emigration, which was facilitated by the serious financial difficulties he experienced and his addiction to alcohol, which led to an attempted suicide. He earned a living as an employee of the magazine Illustrated Russia, his wife sold perfumes, and her daughter made hats.
In 1930 he was consecrated into Freemasonry in the Russian box " Astrea " in Paris, its member until 1940  .
Soviet Intelligence Agent
In 1929, Aleksandr Okorokov , a former comrade (deputy) of the Tretyakov at the Kolchakovo Ministry of Trade and Industry, recruited him as an agent of the OGPU (since 1934 - the NKVD). After recruitment, Tretyakov received the operational pseudonym “Ivanov”. At the expense of the OGPU, Tretyakov rented three apartments in a building in Paris , where the headquarters of the ROVS was located, and then handed over part of the premises of this organization, which experienced financial difficulties, at an extremely low price. Listening devices were installed in the apartments, which allowed the NKVD to keep abreast of the plans of the leadership of the EMRO. When, with the participation of another NKVD agent, General N.V. Skoblin , the head of the ROVS, General E.K. Miller , was abducted, Tretyakov helped Skoblin to avoid arrest and hide.
On the official website of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, Tretyakov’s undercover work is characterized as follows:
One of the directions of his intelligence activity was work on the Russian military alliance. For a long time he was the main participant in the operational event “ Information of our days ” - listening to the premises of the headquarters of the ROVS. The materials transmitted to them at the Center were of great operational interest  .
Arrest and death
During the German occupation of France in 1942, the Tretyakov was arrested by the Gestapo , who discovered listening equipment in his apartment and established that he was a Soviet agent. He was sent to the concentration camp Oranienburg , where he was shot on April 16, 1944. B. G. Bazhanov in his memoirs recalled: “... German troops captured Minsk with such speed that the GPU could neither destroy nor take out its archives; analyzing these archives, the Russian translator found Moscow’s link “as our agent Tretyakov from Paris told us ...”. The Germans shot him. ”
- Antonov V.S., Karpov V.N. Secret informants of the Kremlin. Illegals. - M .: OLMA-PRESS Education , 2002. - 352 p. - (Dossier). - 5,000 copies. - ISBN 5-94849-019-X .
- Serkov A.I. Russian Freemasonry. 1731-2000 Encyclopedic Dictionary. - M.: Russian Political Encyclopedia, 2001.
- Service History → Persons → Tretyakov Sergey Nikolaevich . Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation . Date of treatment June 23, 2019.