The Alawite State ( Arabic: الدولة العلوية ) is the mandated territory of France in what is now Syria. The state existed in 1923-1936 (in 1930-1936 - under the name Sanjak Latakia )  . It was mainly inhabited by the Alawites - representatives of the esoteric sect , to which the Asadov clan ruling in modern Syria belongs .
As a result of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, various provinces began to declare independence or move away to other states. Salih al-Ali (Salih al-Ali) created in 1919 the Alawite state entity, with the capital in the port of Latakia . France occupied most of Syria in 1918 and received a mandate for the “Alavite Province” from the League of Nations on September 2, 1920. In October 1921, Salih Al-Ali capitulated to the French. On July 1, 1922, the "Alawite Region" was included in French Syrian territory.
In 1922, the head of the French administration, General Maxime Weygand, allowed Syria's constituent parts to elect their own representative councils. On September 29, 1923, the Alawite region was proclaimed a state with a capital in the port of Latakia , on January 1, 1925 it was renamed the State of the Alawites . Own stamps were issued .
On September 22, 1930, the Alawite region was renamed Sanjak Latakia . Its population at that time amounted to 278 thousand people.
December 5, 1936 (actually from 1937) became part of Syria .
- September 2, 1920 - 192 ?: Niéger
- 192? - July 1, 1922: Gaston Henri Gustave Billotte ( Gaston Henri Gustave Billotte ; 1875-1940)
- January 1, 1925-1925: Leon Henri Charles Cayla (1881-1965)
- 1925 - December 5, 1936: Ernest Marie Hubert Schoeffler
- Syrian Republic (1930-1958)