Jean-Batist-Gaspar Deburo or simply Batist  ( fr. Jean-Gaspard-Baptiste Deburau , real name is Jan Kashpar Dvořák ( Czech Jan Kašpar Dvořák ); July 31, 1796 , Colin , then the Holy Roman Empire , now Czech Republic - June 16, 1846 , Paris , July Monarchy ) - French actor - mime , creator of the famous image of Pierrot .
Auguste Bouquet Baptiste Deburo in the costume of Pierrot , approx. 1830
|Birth name||Jan Kashpar Dvorak|
|Date of Birth|
|Place of Birth||Colin , Holy Roman Empire|
|Date of death|
|Place of death||Paris , July Monarchy|
|Years of activity||1816-1846|
|Amplois||pantomime , comedy del arte|
The son of a traveling circus artist, cable dancer Philippe Deburo and the Czech servant Katerina Kralova. In 1811, his family settled in Paris. After another 5 years, Baptiste, along with his brother Franz, became an actor in the Funambul Theater on Boulevard du Temple . In 1819 he with great success played the role of Pierrot in the pantomime " Harlequin- Lekar". He developed the traditions of comedy del arte . He was buried in the Pere Lachaise cemetery .
Mime and the successor of the traditions was the son of Batista - Charles Deburo (1829-1873). Chaplin and Marceau were often compared with both Debuts.
Reflections in Literature and Art
- Books about the Deburo appeared already during his lifetime, one of them was written by Jules Janin (1832).
- Later, Shanfleri (1859) wrote about the Deburo and the Funambul Theater, for which the Deburo was an example of folk art opposing the art of aristocrats.
- The play " Deburo " (1918) was written by Sasha Guitry , later he shot the film of the same name (1951).
- In 1938, the film about the Deburo, “ Dance on the Volcano, ” was directed by German film director Hans Steinhoff ( Gustaf Grundens as the Deburo).
- The life of the mime formed the basis of one of the most famous masterpieces of French cinema - the film by Marcel Carne's “ Children of Paradise ” (1945, according to the script of J. Prever , in the role of the mime of Jean-Louis Barrot ).
- Encyclopædia Britannica
- Vicki K. Janick Fools and Jesters in Literature, Art, and History: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook (Critical Studies in Education and) , Greenwood Publishing Group, Jan 01. 1998 - p. 75
- Janin JG Deburau. Histoire du théâtre à quatre sous, pour faire suite à l'Histoire du théâtre-français. Paris: Librairie de Charles Gosselin, 1832
- Ambs-Dalès JB Histoire de Deburau. Paris: E. Bourdin, 1836
- Rémy T. Jean-Gaspard Deburau. Paris: L'Arche éditeur, 1954
- Despot AL Three clowns: Pierrot, Charlie, and "Jean Genet." Ithaca: Despot, 1974
- Švehla J. Jean Gaspard Deburau: the immortal Pierrot. Spring Green: The Valley Studio, 1977
- Jenin J .. Debureau. The history of twenty cents theater. Part 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1835
- Lachinov V. Gaspar Deburo. To the history of the theater. // “Love for three oranges”, 1915, No. 4-7, p. 129-150
- Kozhik F. Deburo. M.: Art, 1973 (Series Life in Art )